No safe places left for children as they are targeted in their homes, schools and playgrounds
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TORONTO and NEW YORK, Dec. 28, 2017 /CNW/ - This year, children in conflict zones around the world have come under attack at a shocking scale UNICEF warned today, with parties to conflicts blatantly disregarding international laws designed to protect the most vulnerable.
"2017 has been a devastating year for children. Millions of kids are living through some of the most difficult, dangerous and horrific crises of our lifetime," said David Morley, UNICEF Canada President and CEO. "If they survive – and that's a big if – what's next for them? What kind of opportunity and future lies ahead for them? It's time for the world to stand up and say, we will no longer accept violations against children. We will no longer accept anything less than the protection of children and the full respect for their rights. We owe them that."
In conflicts around the world, children have become frontline targets, used as human shields, killed, maimed and recruited to fight. Rape, forced marriage, abduction and enslavement have become standard tactics in conflicts from Iraq, Syria and Yemen, to Nigeria, South Sudan and Myanmar. Children in refugee camps, displaced by conflict, face difficult futures with few political resolutions in sight for many of these conflicts.
In some contexts, children abducted by extremist groups experience abuse yet again upon release when they are detained by security forces. Millions more children are paying an indirect price for these conflicts, suffering from malnutrition, disease and trauma as basic services – including access to food, water, sanitation and health – are denied, damaged or destroyed in the fighting.
UNICEF works with local and national governments and partners to provide the most vulnerable children caught in crises with health, nutrition, education and child protection services. Responding to nearly 350 humanitarian emergencies each year, UNICEF is there before, during and after to create long-term sustainable change for kids.
"Children are being targeted and exposed to attacks and brutal violence in their homes, schools and playgrounds," said Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF Director of Emergency Programmes. "As these attacks continue year after year, we cannot become numb. Such brutality cannot be the new normal."
Over the course of 2017:
- In Afghanistan, almost 700 children were killed in the first nine months of the year.
- In the Central African Republic, after months of renewed fighting, a dramatic increase in violence saw children being killed, raped, abducted and recruited by armed groups.
- In the Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, violence has driven 850,000 children from their homes, while more than 200 health centres and 400 schools were attacked. An estimated 350,000 children have suffered from severe acute malnutrition.
- In northeast Nigeria and Cameroon, Boko Haram has forced at least 135 children to act as suicide bombers, almost five times the number in 2016.
- In Iraq and Syria, children have reportedly been used as human shields, trapped under siege, targeted by snipers and lived through intense bombardment and violence.
- In Myanmar, Rohingya children suffered and witnessed shocking and widespread violence as they were attacked and driven from their homes in Rakhine state; while children in remote border areas of Kachin, Shan, and Kayin states continued to suffer the consequences of ongoing tensions between the Myanmar Armed Forces and various ethnic armed groups.
- In South Sudan, where conflict and a collapsing economy led to a famine declaration in parts of the country, more than 19,000 children have been recruited into armed forces and armed groups, and more than 2,300 children have been killed or injured since the conflict first erupted in December 2013.
- In Somalia, 1,740 cases of child recruitment were reported in the first 10 months of 2017.
- In Yemen, nearly 1,000 days of fighting left at least 5,000 children dead or injured, according to verified data, with actual numbers expected to be much higher. More than 11 million children need humanitarian assistance. Out of 1.8 million children suffering from malnutrition, 385,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of death if not urgently treated.
UNICEF calls on all parties to conflict to abide by their obligations under international law to immediately end violations against children and the targeting of civilian infrastructure, including schools and hospitals. UNICEF also calls on States with influence over parties to conflict to use that influence to protect children.
UNICEF has saved more children's lives than any other humanitarian organization. We work tirelessly to help children and their families, doing whatever it takes to ensure children survive. We provide children with healthcare and immunization, clean water, nutrition and food security, education, emergency relief and more.
UNICEF is supported entirely by voluntary donations and helps children regardless of race, religion or politics. As part of the UN, we are active in over 190 countries - more than any other organization. Our determination and our reach are unparalleled. Because nowhere is too far to go to help a child survive. For more information about UNICEF, please visit www.unicef.ca. For updates, follow us on Twitter and Facebook or visit unicef.ca.
SOURCE UNICEF Canada
For further information: To arrange interviews or for more information please contact: Stefanie Carmichael, UNICEF Canada, 416-482-6552 ext. 8866, [email protected]