Nearly half of infertility cases involve men, but nearly all are
REGINA, SK, June 11, 2013 /CNW/ - Infertility is commonly perceived as a
woman's issue, yet nearly half of all cases involve male factors. With
advances in treatment, nearly all (99 per cent) of male-factor cases
are treatable, if treatment is sought.
Dr. Allison Case and Dr. Adrian Gamelin, Co-Directors of Aurora
Reproductive Care, believe there is a common misperception that
infertility is a woman's issue, yet it's prevalent among men.
"Male-factor infertility used to be a much bigger challenge," says Dr.
Case. "Now, only one percent of cases can't be resolved - but it's a
diagnosis that is often suffered in silence due to stigma and many men
don't or are reluctant to seek treatment as a result."
This Father's Day, Infertility Saskatchewan is urging men experiencing
fertility challenges to not delay seeking treatment and getting out the
message that there is hope. Since a woman's fertility declines with
age, waiting can decrease the couple's chances of conception.
Nearly all male-factor infertility cases can be resolved through safe,
effective treatments - with in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic
sperm injection or ICSI, as it is more commonly known, being the
clinical best practice. While nearly all male-factor cases are
treatable, cost at approximately eight to ten thousand dollars per
treatment cycle is a common barrier to timely treatment. Although male
fertility does not decrease significantly with age, sperm quality and
thus the risk of genetic disorders in men increases after age 40.
Male-factor infertility causes include medical conditions such as:
varicocele - swelling of veins in the testicle; infection - including
sexually transmitted diseases; and retrograde ejaculation - when semen
is redirected to the bladder. Other causes include genetic
predisposition, cancer treatment, obesity and injury to the testicles.
Lifestyle factors such as smoking, drugs and alcohol can also make it
difficult for a man to impregnate a woman.
In men previously diagnosed as sterile, a new sperm retrieval technique
allows for the precise removal of testicular tissue in areas of active
The following requirements must be in place for a man to be fertile: A
man must produce sperm. Sperm must be carried into the semen. Sperm
quantity must be adequate. Shape and motility (ability to move) must be
"Men wanting to have children shouldn't wait," recommends Dr. Gamelin.
"A man's age is a significant factor in determining the baby's health
outcome. Under 40 is ideal."
Male Fertility Facts
Both men and women experience infertility. Nearly half of all fertility
cases involve men.
Smoking increases the likelihood of infertility. Smoking affects
fertility by as much as 30 percent in men.
Cancer treatments impact male fertility. Freezing sperm is an option
that men should evaluate.
Strenuous bicycle riding and excessive heat, such as hot tubs and
laptops, can affect fertility.
You can get pregnant up to six days after intercourse. Fact, sperm can
live in a woman's body for nearly a week.
Male Fertility Myths
'Size matters'. False, except when related to the testicles. Smaller
testicles have been linked to lower sperm count.
A man's age does not affect childbearing. False: Waiting until after age
forty can affect the child's health outcome.
Men's underwear can reduce fertility. False.
Daily intercourse is recommended to increase the chance of conception.
False: Waiting two days between intercourse allows men to increase
their sperm count.
Eating red meat reduces fertility. Myth, but a healthy diet and weight
About Infertility Saskatchewan
Infertility Saskatchewan is a patient group advocating for public
funding of infertility treatments and improved access to quality,
Image with caption: "Father's Day Fertility Facts: Nearly half of all infertility cases involve men, but nearly all male-factor cases are treatable (CNW Group/Infertility Saskatchewan)". Image available at: http://photos.newswire.ca/images/download/20130611_C7196_PHOTO_EN_27881.jpg
SOURCE: Infertility Saskatchewan
For further information:
For more information and to speak to Dr. Allison Case or Dr. Adrian Gamelin, Co-Directors of Aurora Reproductive Care or Anna Baker of Infertility Saskatchewan, please contact: