Commodity demand drives growth in Canadian economy - Labour and housing markets remain weak spots in domestic economy

OTTAWA, June 3, 2014 /CNW/ - The Conference Board of Canada's Composite Leading Index, a new economic measure that tracks short-term indicators of the economy, increased 0.4 per cent in April. But the outlook is mixed — more promising for exporters, and less so for the labour market and housing sector.

"The leading indicator points to a continuing shift in the sources of growth — from domestic spending to exports — but little change in the overall rate of growth," said Pedro Antunes, Deputy Chief Economist.


  • Export demand for commodities is the driver behind growth in the Canadian economy.
  • Claims for Employment Insurance had the largest jump in almost three years.

Five of the ten components increased, and those were mostly related to export demand for Canada's commodities. Higher resource prices contributed to an eighth consecutive month of growth in the Toronto stock market. In addition, the Bank of Canada's commodity price index posted the largest increase of any component, rising 2.4 percent - its fastest advance in three years.

"Agricultural prices have led the latest gains in commodities. Wheat prices in particular received a boost from the uncertain outlook for exports as a result of political turmoil in the Ukraine," said Philip Cross, author of the Composite Leading Index for the Conference Board.

Both manufacturing components — new orders, and the average workweek in factories — were unchanged in the month, while the housing and labour markets remained a source of weakness. Claims received for Employment Insurance rose 1.8 percent, the largest jump in almost three years and the third consecutive monthly increase. The housing index, meanwhile, retreated for the sixth consecutive month.

This is the fifth release of the Composite Leading Index, which sums up the performance of ten components that track the short-term course of the economy. The newest of the Conference Board's macroeconomic indicators, it signals changes in the business cycle (periods of faster and slower economic growth) approximately six or seven months in the future. The author, Philip Cross, spent 36 years at Statistics Canada specializing in macroeconomics.

The Composite Leading Index is published monthly and available to subscribers of the Conference Board's e-library.

SOURCE: Conference Board of Canada

For further information:

Yvonne Squires, Media Relations, Tel.: 613- 526-3090 ext. 221


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