HSBC Bank Canada First Quarter 2016 Results

VANCOUVER, May 3, 2016 /CNW/ -

  • Profit before income tax expense for the quarter ended 31 March 2016 was C$158m, a decrease of 31.6% compared with the same period in 2015, and an increase of C$186m compared with the fourth quarter of 2015. 
  • Profit attributable to common shareholder was C$106m for the quarter ended 31 March 2016, a decrease of 35.0% compared with the same period in 2015, and an increase of C$144m compared with the fourth quarter of 2015.
  • Return on average common equity was 9.4% for the quarter ended 31 March 2016 compared with 14.5% for the same period in 2015.
  • The cost efficiency ratio was 55.3% for the quarter ended 31 March 2016 compared with 54.0% for the same period in 2015, and 69.4% for the fourth quarter ended 2015.
  • Total assets were C$92.6bn at 31 March 2016 compared with C$94.0bn at 31 December 2015.
  • Common equity tier 1 capital ratio was 10.0%, tier 1 ratio 12.0% and total capital ratio 13.2% at 31 March 2016 compared with 10.1%, 12.1% and 13.5% respectively at 31 December 2015.

The abbreviations 'C$m' and 'C$bn' represent millions and billions of Canadian dollars, respectively.

HSBC Bank Canada
Financial Commentary 

Overview

HSBC Bank Canada reported a profit before income tax expense of C$158m for the first quarter of 2016, a decrease of C$73m, or 31.6%, compared with the first quarter of 2015. The decrease is mainly due to higher loan impairment charges due to credit deterioration on specific files in the energy portfolio. Excluding loan impairment charges, operating income net of operating expenses for the first quarter of 2016 is consistent with the first quarter of 2015. 

Compared to the fourth quarter of 2015, operating profit increased by C$185m due to lower loan impairment charges taken in the quarter and higher trading income due to a favourable change to the Credit Value Adjustment in the first quarter of 2016. 

Commercial banking remains focused on enhancing and simplifying its delivery model, improving productivity to the benefit of its customers and employees, despite headwinds from sustained low energy and commodity prices. The business focuses on deepening relationships with existing clients while attracting and retaining new customers to the bank. In the first quarter of 2016, new-to-bank lending activities increased 30% year-over-year while client attrition improved when compared with 2015. The business continues to make tangible strides against compliance agenda with a number of key milestones achieved in the first quarter. 

Global Banking and Markets continues to leverage HSBC's global network on behalf of its clients resulting in increased trading revenues as well as lending and credit activities, while Capital Financing activities decreased during the quarter.

Retail Banking and Wealth Management continues to benefit from growth in residential mortgages and deposits, with a key focus on revenue in a highly competitive low interest rate market environment.

Commenting on the results, Sandra Stuart, President and Chief Executive Officer of HSBC Bank Canada, said:  

"In the first quarter, revenues improved by 3% over the same period in 2015. This is attributed to solid performance in our Global Banking and Markets business, where there were strong trading revenues. There was also growth in both our mortgage and mutual fund portfolios in Retail Banking and Wealth Management. Costs improved from the previous quarter. They are well managed, and reflect our investments in our people, processes and technology to improve our efficiency, combat financial crime, as well as deliver the digitised services and global connectivity our customers demand. The downturn in the energy sector continues to weigh on our results and we continue to take the steps necessary to effectively manage our exposure. 

"Our business fundamentals remain sound and we are focused on working with our customers to help them realise their financial goals so they can grow here at home and around the world."  

Analysis of Consolidated Financial Results for the First Quarter of 2016

Net interest income for the first quarter of 2016 was C$281m, a decrease of C$6m, or 2.1%, compared with the first quarter of 2015 and a decrease of C$1m, or 0.4%, compared with the fourth quarter of 2015. The decrease was mainly due to the continued run-off of the consumer finance portfolio, the impact of two Bank of Canada rate cuts in 2015, and increased liquidity and funding costs. This was partially offset by higher asset balances resulting from growth in residential mortgages, a change in the categorisation of banker's acceptances from the fourth quarter of 2015 and onwards from trading assets to loans and advances, as well as yield improvement on commercial loans.

Net fee income for the first quarter of 2016 was C$161m, a decrease of C$11m, or 6.4%, compared with the first quarter of 2015 and a decrease of  C$4m, or 2.4%, compared with the fourth quarter of 2015. The decreases are mainly due to reduced account service fees from fee refunds and lower debt capital market volume.

Net trading income for the first quarter of 2016 was C$67m, an increase of C$52m, or 346.7%, compared with the first quarter of 2015, and an increase of C$90m compared with the fourth quarter of 2015. Net trading income increased over the comparative periods mainly due to a favourable change to the Credit Value Adjustment on derivative contracts due to the tightening of customer credit spreads and the strengthening Canadian dollar. Also, derivative fair value movements were recycled to the income statement due to hedge accounting criteria not having been met, negatively impacting net trading income in 2015. 

Net expense from financial instruments designated at fair value for the first quarter of 2016 was C$1m, compared with an income of C$2m in the first quarter of 2015 and an expense of C$1m for the fourth quarter of 2015. The net expense from financial instruments designated at fair value was caused from marginal narrowing of the bank's own credit spread which increased the fair value of these subordinated debentures. This compares with an income recorded in the prior quarter which arose from the widening of the bank's own credit spread.

Gains less losses from financial investments for the first quarter of 2016 were C$21m, a decrease of C$15m, or 41.7%, compared with the first quarter of 2015 and an increase of C$14m, or 200.0%, compared with the fourth quarter of 2015. Gains on sale of available-for-sale debt securities arise from the continued rebalancing of the Balance Sheet Management portfolio.

Other operating income for the first quarter of 2016 was C$15m, a decrease of C$3m, or 16.7%, compared with the first and fourth quarters of 2015. This was primarily due to income received from the sale in the first quarter of 2015 of a small portfolio of impaired loans.

Loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions for the first quarter of 2016 were C$85m, an increase of C$69m compared with the first quarter of 2015 and a decrease of C$79m compared to the fourth quarter of 2015.  The increase in loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions over the first quarter of 2015 is primarily due to credit deterioration on specific files in the energy portfolio. The decrease over the fourth quarter of 2015 is mainly due to the timing of collective allowances taken on the energy sector.

Total operating expenses for the first quarter of 2016 were C$301m, an increase of C$15m or 5.2%, compared with the first quarter of 2015 and a decrease of C$10m, or 3.2%, compared with the fourth quarter of 2015. Total operating expenses are higher than the first quarter of 2015 mainly due to the adverse impact caused by the lower Canadian dollar on expenses denominated in foreign currencies, and continued investments in the implementation of HSBC's Global Standards and other efficiency initiatives to deliver future savings. Total operating expenses are lower than the fourth quarter of 2015 due to prudent cost management resulting in lower salaries from reduced head count, lower automobile and travel expenses, as well as the timing of certain expenditures.

Share of profit in associates for the first quarter of 2016 was $nil, a decrease of C$3m from the first quarter of 2015 and an increase of C$1m from the fourth quarter of 2015.

Income tax expense The effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2016 was 27.0%, compared with 27.8% for fiscal year 2015.

Statement of Financial Position

Total assets at 31 March 2016 were C$92.6bn, a decrease of C$1.4bn over 31 December 2015. Balance Sheet Management activities decreased financial investments, reverse repurchase agreements – non-trading, and loans and advances to banks by C$1.3bn, C$0.8bn and C$0.4bn respectively. The decrease in loans and advances to customers is driven mainly by lower facility utilisation partially offset by increased new-to-bank activities. Trading assets increased by C$1.0bn mainly due to the timing of settlement.

Total liabilities at 31 March 2016 were C$87.2bn, a decrease of C$1.5bn from 31 December 2015. Customer deposit accounts decreased by C$1.3bn mainly due to seasonal movement on commercial banking deposits. Balance Sheet Management activities decreased non-trading repurchase agreements by C$0.8bn, and subordinated liabilities of C$0.2bn were redeemed. This was partially offset by increased trading liabilities of C$1.0bn mainly due to higher securities short positions from client facilitation trades.

Total equity at 31 March 2016 was C$5.4bn, an increase of C$0.04bn from 31 December 2015, mainly due to profits generated in the period.

Business Performance in the First Quarter of 2016

Commercial Banking

Profit before income tax expense was C$52m for the first quarter of 2016, a decrease of C$84m, or 62%, compared with the first quarter of 2015. Higher loan impairment charges from the energy sector, lower net interest income due to increased liquidity and funding costs, and margin compression driven by Bank of Canada rate cuts in 2015 were the main drivers of the decrease. Profit before income tax expense was C$85m higher when compared with the fourth quarter of 2015, driven primarily by lower loan impairment charges and lower operating expenses.

Global Banking and Markets

Profit before income tax expense was C$111m for the first quarter of 2016, an increase of C$30m, or 37%, compared with the first quarter of 2015, and an increase of C$117m compared with the fourth quarter of 2015. Lower loan impairment charges from the energy sector offset against lower net interest income due to increased liquidity and funding costs, and margin compression driven by Bank of Canada rate cuts in 2015 were the main drivers of the increase.

Retail Banking and Wealth Management

Profit before income tax expense relating to ongoing business (excluding the run-off consumer finance portfolio) was C$5m, a decrease of C$6m, or 55%, compared with the first quarter of 2015 and a decrease of C$4m, or 44% compared with the fourth quarter of 2015.

The decreases over comparative periods were primarily due to increased business operating expenses and investment in HSBC's Global Standards and risk and compliance activities, as well as higher loan impairment charges. 

Profit before income tax expense relating to the run-off consumer finance portfolio for the first quarter of 2016 was C$5m, a decrease of C$7m, or 58%, compared to the first quarter of 2015 and a decrease of C$2m, or 29%, compared to the last quarter of 2015.

The decreases over comparative periods were primarily due to income received from the sale of a small portfolio of impaired loans in 2015, and the continued run-off of the portfolio. 

Other

Loss before income tax expense was C$15m for the quarter ended 31 March 2016, an increase of C$6m, or 67%, compared to the first quarter of 2015 and an increase of C$10m, or 200%, compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. The increase in loss compared to the comparative periods is mainly due to the narrowing of credit spreads on financial instruments designated at fair value, and a change in the bank's liquidity funds transfer pricing policy framework, negatively impacting net interest income in the first quarter of 2016.

Dividends

During the first quarter of 2016, the bank declared and paid C$48m in dividends on HSBC Bank Canada common shares, a decrease of C$40m compared with the same quarter last year. Regular quarterly dividends of 31.875 cents per share, 31.25 cents per share, and 25 cents per share have been declared on HSBC Bank Canada Class 1 Preferred Shares – Series C, Series D and Series G respectively, for shareholders of record on 15 June 2016 and will be paid on 30 June 2016.

Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures

In measuring our performance, the financial measures that we use include those which have been derived from our reported results. However these are not presented within the Financial Statements and are not defined under IFRS. These are considered non-IFRS financial measures and are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The following non-IFRS financial measures are used throughout this document and their purposes and definitions are discussed below:

Performance ratios
Performance ratios are useful for management to evaluate profitability on equity, assets and risk-weighted assets.

Return on average common shareholder's equity is calculated as profit attributable to the common shareholder divided by average common equity (determined using month-end balances during the period).

Post-tax return on average total assets is calculated as profit attributable to the common shareholder divided by average total assets (determined using average month-end balances during the period).

Pre-tax return on average risk-weighted assets is calculated as profit before income tax expense divided by the average monthly balances of risk-weighted assets for the period. Risk-weighted assets are calculated using guidelines issued by the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Canada ('OSFI') in accordance with the Basel III capital adequacy framework.

Credit coverage ratios
Credit coverage ratios are useful to management as a measure of the extent of incurred loan impairment charges relative to the bank's performance and size of its customer loan portfolio during the period.

Loan impairment charges to total operating income is calculated as loan impairment charges and other credit provisions, as a percentage of total operating income for the period.

Loan impairment charges to average gross customer advances is calculated as annualised loan impairment charges and other credit provisions for the period, as a percentage of average gross customer advances (determined using month-end balances during the period).

Total impairment allowances to impaired loans at period-end are useful to management to evaluate the coverage of impairment allowances relative to impaired loans using period-end balances.

Efficiency ratios
Efficiency ratios are measures of the bank's efficiency in managing its operating expense to generate revenue.

Cost efficiency ratio is calculated as total operating expenses as a percentage of total operating income for the period.

Adjusted cost efficiency ratio is calculated similar to the cost efficiency ratio; however, total operating excludes gains and losses from financial instruments designated at fair value, as the movement in value of the bank's own subordinated debt issues is primarily driven by changes in market rates and are not under the control of management.

Revenue mix ratio
This measure demonstrates the contribution of each of the primary revenue streams to total income.

Net interest income, net fee income and net trading income as a percentage of total operating income is calculated as net interest income, net fee income and net trading income divided by net operating income before loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions.

Financial ratios
These measures are indicators of the stability of the bank's balance sheet and the degree to which funds are deployed to fund assets.

Ratio of customer advances to customer accounts is calculated by dividing loans and advances to customers by customer accounts using period-end balances.

Average total shareholders' equity to average total assets is calculated by dividing average total shareholders' equity with average total assets (determined using month-end balances) for the period.

About HSBC Bank Canada

HSBC Bank Canada, a subsidiary of HSBC Holdings plc, is the leading international bank in Canada. The HSBC Group serves customers worldwide from over 6,000 offices in over 71 countries and territories in Europe, Asia, North and Latin America, and the Middle East and North Africa. With assets of US$2,596bn at 31 March 2016, HSBC is one of the world's largest banking and financial services organizations.

Copies of HSBC Bank Canada's First Quarter 2016 Interim Report will be sent to shareholders in May 2016.

HSBC Bank Canada

Summary



Figures in C$m
(except where otherwise stated)

Quarter ended


31 March
2016


31 March
2015


31 December
2015







Financial performance for the period







Total operating income

544


530


448


Profit/(loss) before income tax expense

158


231


(28)


Profit/(loss) attributable to the common shareholder

106


163


(38)


Basic earnings/(loss) per common share (C$)

0.21


0.33


(0.08)







Financial position at period-end







Loan and advances to customers

47,873


42,660


48,378


Customer accounts

53,830


50,490


55,089


Ratio of customer advances to customer accounts (%)1

88.9


84.5


87.8


Shareholders' equity

5,411


4,959


5,376


Average total shareholders' equity to average total assets (%)1

5.7


5.4


5.8







Capital measures2







Common equity tier 1 capital ratio (%)

10.0


10.5


10.1


Tier 1 ratio (%)

12.0


11.8


12.1


Total capital ratio (%)

13.2


13.1


13.5


Leverage ratio (%)3

4.8


4.6


4.7


Risk-weighted assets (C$m)

43,069


41,659


42,846







Performance ratios (%)1







Return ratios (%)








Return on average common shareholders' equity

9.4


14.5


(0.9)



Post-tax return on average total assets

0.46


0.73


(0.16)



Pre-tax return on average risk-weighted assets2

1.5


2.3


(0.3)








Credit coverage ratios (%)







Loan impairment charges to total operating income

15.6


3.0


36.6


Loan impairment charges to average gross customer advances

0.7


0.2


1.5


Total impairment allowances to impaired loans at period-end

74.3


74.8


83.4







Efficiency and revenue mix ratios (%)







Cost efficiency ratio

55.3


54.0


69.4


Adjusted cost efficiency ratio

55.2


54.2


69.3


As a percentage of total operating income:






net interest income to total operating income

51.7


54.2


62.9


net fee income to total operating income

29.6


32.5


36.8


net trading income (loss) to total operating income

12.3


2.8


(5.1)

 

1

Refer to the 'Use of non-IFRS financial measures' section of this document for a discussion of non-IFRS financial measures.

2

The bank assesses capital adequacy against standards established in guidelines issued by OSFI in accordance with the Basel III capital adequacy frameworks.

3

Leverage ratio replaces assets-to-capital multiple effective 1 January 2015.

 

HSBC Bank Canada

Consolidated Income Statement (Unaudited)



Figures in C$m

Quarter ended

(except per share amounts)

31 March
2016


31 March
2015


31 December
2015








Interest income

418


434


417

Interest expense

(137)


(147)


(135)







Net interest income

281


287


282







Fee income

178


191


183

Fee expense

(17)


(19)


(18)







Net fee income

161


172


165







Trading income excluding interest income

62


8


(35)

Net interest income on trading activities

5


7


12







Net trading income

67


15


(23)







Net (expense)/income from financial instruments designated at fair value

(1)


2


(1)

Gains less losses from financial investments

21


36


7

Other operating income

15


18


18







Total operating income

544


530


448

Loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions

(85)


(16)


(164)







Net operating income

459


514


284

Employee compensation and benefits

(169)


(169)


(169)

General and administrative expenses

(122)


(106)


(131)

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment

(7)


(7)


(8)

Amortisation of intangible assets

(3)


(4)


(3)







Total operating expenses

(301)


(286)


(311)







Operating profit

158


228


(27)

Share of profit in associates


3


(1)







Profit before income tax expense

158


231


(28)

Income tax expense

(43)


(61)


-







Profit for the period

115


170


(28)







Profit attributable to the common shareholder

106


163


(38)

Profit attributable to preferred shareholders

9


4


10

Profit attributable to shareholders

115


167


(28)

Profit attributable to non-controlling interests


3








Average number of common shares outstanding (000's)


498,668



498,668



498,668

Basic earnings per common share

C$

0.21


C$

0.33


C$

(0.08)










 

HSBC Bank Canada

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position (Unaudited)







Figures in C$m

At 31 March
2016


 At 31 March
2015


At 31 December
2015








ASSETS












Cash and balances at central bank

54


64


65

Items in the course of collection from other banks

63


128


73

Trading assets

4,908


8,254


3,893

Derivatives

4,949


5,604


4,909

Loans and advances to banks

1,038


950


1,400

Loans and advances to customers

47,873


42,660


48,378

Reverse repurchase agreements – non-trading

6,040


7,361


6,807

Financial investments

22,588


19,462


23,935

Other assets

357


384


365

Prepayments and accrued income

254


238


194

Customers' liability under acceptances

4,313


5,740


3,834

Property, plant and equipment

106


118


110

Goodwill and intangibles assets

62


61


61







Total assets

92,605


91,024


94,024







LIABILITIES AND EQUITY












Liabilities






Deposits by banks

1,595


1,177


2,049

Customer accounts

53,830


50,490


55,089

Repurchase agreements – non-trading

5,780


4,754


6,606

Trading liabilities

2,672


4,020


1,713

Derivatives

5,140


5,449


5,005

Debt securities in issue

10,539


10,316


10,896

Acceptances

4,313


5,740


3,834

Other liabilities

3,325


3,919


3,456







Total liabilities

87,194


85,865


88,648







Equity






Common shares

1,225


1,225


1,225

Preferred shares

850


350


850

Other reserves

90


234


92

Retained earnings

3,246


3,150


3,209







Total shareholders' equity

5,411


4,959


5,376

Non-controlling interests


200








Total equity

5,411


5,159


5,376







Total equity and liabilities

92,605


91,024


94,024

 

HSBC Bank Canada


Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows (Unaudited)





Figures in C$m



Quarter ended




31 March

2016


31 March

2015


31 December

2015









Cash flows generated from/(used in):









– operating activities



(1,353)


(1,373)


(2,145)


– investing activities



1,333


684


1,443


– financing activities



(257)


(95)


(78)









Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents



(277)


(784)


(780)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period



1,983


2,337


2,763









Cash and cash equivalents, end of period



1,706


1,553


1,983

















Represented by:









– Cash and balances at central bank



54


64


65


– Items in the course of transmission (to)/from other banks, net



(187)


(14)


(146)


– Loans and advances to banks of one month or less



1,038


950


1,400


– Reverse repurchase agreements with banks of one month or less



640


402


435


– Treasury bills and certificates of deposits of three months or less



161


151


229










Cash and cash equivalents, end of period



1,706


1,553


1,983

 

HSBC Bank Canada

Global Business Segmentation (Unaudited)



Figures in C$m

Quarter ended


31 March

2016


31 March

2015


31 December

2015

Commercial Banking






Net interest income

142


152


145

Net fee income

79


80


81

Net trading income

7


8


8

Gains less losses from financial investments

2



Other operating income

6


5


9







Total operating income

236


245


243







Loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions

(81)


(11)


(158)

Net operating income

155


234


85

Total operating expenses

(103)


(101)


(117)

Operating profit

52


133


(32)

Share of profit in associates


3


(1)







Profit/(loss) before income tax expense

52


136


(33)







Global Banking and Markets






Net interest income

47


48


42

Net fee income

28


35


26

Net trading/(loss) income

50


(6)


(40)

Gains less losses from financial investments

19


36


7







Total operating income

144


113


35







Loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions


(1)


(3)

Net operating income

144


112


32

Total operating expenses

(33)


(31)


(38)







Profit/(loss) before income tax expense

111


81


(6)


Retail Banking and Wealth Management






Net interest income

100


94


98

Net fee income

54


57


57

Net trading income

5


6


5

Other operating income

2


6


2







Total operating income

161


163


162

Loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions

(4)


(4)


(3)

Net operating income

157


159


159







Total operating expenses

(147)


(136)


(143)







Profit before income tax expense

10


23


16







Attributable as follows:












Ongoing Retail Banking and Wealth Management business

5


11


9

Run-off consumer finance portfolio

5


12


7







Profit before income tax expense

10


23


16







Other






Net interest expense

(8)


(7)


(3)

Net fee income



1

Net trading income

5


7


4

Net (expense)/income from financial instruments designated at fair value

(1)


2


(1)

Other operating income

7


7


7

Net operating income

3


9


8

Total operating expenses

(18)


(18)


(13)







Loss before income tax expense

(15)


(9)


(5)

 

SOURCE HSBC Bank Canada

For further information: Media enquiries to: Sharon Wilks, 416-868-3878, sharon_wilks@hsbc.ca; Aurora Bonin, 604-641-1905, aurora.f.bonin@hsbc.ca


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