TORONTO, Jan. 4, 2016 /CNW/ - Today, the Canadian Cancer Society announced its Top 10 Research Impact Stories of 2015. These world-class research discoveries exemplify the very best of what science can achieve through dedicated investment. Thanks to our donors for making this possible.
The Canadian Cancer Society funds excellence through its highly competitive, gold standard expert-review selection process. In 2015, the Society will invest over $42 million to fund the country's most promising cancer research. The aim of this research is to accelerate cancer prevention, detection, diagnosis and treatment, and to enhance the quality of life for those living with and beyond cancer.
The findings of these studies were published in prestigious, international medical and scientific journals. They demonstrate the breadth of Society-funded research across the cancer spectrum and its reach all across Canada.
Congratulations to this year's top 10!
Canadian Cancer Society's Top 10 Research Impact Stories of 2015
An ultrasensitive blood test for cancer
Dr Shana Kelley at the University of Toronto developed an extremely sensitive blood test that uses sensors on a chip to detect cancer mutations. This new, non-invasive test is fast and simple to perform. It is now being developed as an alternative to tissue biopsies to detect cancer, monitor how patients respond to therapy and personalize treatment decisions.
Reference: Nature Chemistry, July 2015
A new standard for managing cancer pain
Pain from advanced cancer that has spread to the bone can be treated with radiation therapy. However, the pain can temporarily get worse before getting better. Dr Edward Chow of the Sunnybrook Research Institute in Toronto and the NCIC Clinical Trials Group based at Queen's University in Kingston led a clinical trial showing that the steroid dexamethasone could prevent pain flare-ups from radiation therapy. They concluded that this treatment should be part of standard care for bone metastases, which could change how advanced cancer is managed worldwide.
Reference: Lancet Oncology, November 2015
E-cigarettes in Canada
By studying over 14,500 Canadians, Dr David Hammond at the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact, University of Waterloo, found that e-cigarette use was highest among tobacco smokers and young people. About half of youth who had tried e-cigarettes had never smoked tobacco, underlining the urgency of fully understanding the health effects of e-cigarettes as they rise in popularity.
Reference: Preventive Medicine, September 2015
Progress in leukemias
Dr Guy Sauvageau at the Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer, Université de Montréal, led a study of 2 forms of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and identified for the first time a pattern of gene activity shared by these 2 subsets. This new information should advance how AML is diagnosed and how treatments can be tailored to improve survival.
Reference: Nature Genetics, September 2015
Pancreatic tumours in a dish
Dr Senthil Muthuswamy at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network in Toronto, developed 3-D "mini-tumours" called organoids from human pancreatic cancer cells. These organoids closely mimicked how pancreatic tumours grow in people and are being used to test new drug treatments for pancreatic cancer, which has one of the lowest survival rates of any cancer.
Reference: Nature Medicine, October 2015
Genetic risk of aggressive stomach cancer
An aggressive form of stomach cancer is more common in Newfoundland families. By studying nearly 4,000 people from 75 families, Dr David Huntsman at the BC Cancer Agency in Vancouver determined that those with mutations in the CDH1 gene have a high chance of developing this stomach cancer – a 70% chance for men and a 56% chance for women. If people in this high-risk group are closely monitored, stomach cancers may be detected earlier and treated more effectively.
Reference: JAMA Oncology, April 2015
A new understanding of blood cells
By developing new ways to study single cells, Dr John Dick at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network in Toronto, showed that specialized blood cells develop much more quickly from stem cells than previously thought, changing the "textbook" view of how blood cells are made. This paradigm shift could open up new opportunities for understanding blood cancers and how to treat them.
Reference: Science, November 2015
Canadian benchmarks for quality of end-of-life care in cancer
Dr Lisa Barbera of the Sunnybrook Research Institute and Canadian Centre for Applied Research in Cancer Control in Toronto found considerable variation in healthcare services provided to patients at the end of their lives across 4 provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario and Nova Scotia. She established benchmarks and quality indicators that will help regions evaluate their services and support resource allocation to improve healthcare delivery.
Reference: Journal of Oncology Practice, May 2015
Tricking cancer stem cells to stop growing
Dr Daniel De Carvalho at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network in Toronto, found something surprising and promising about an anticancer drug that targets colorectal cancer stem cells. The drug tricks the cancer stem cells into responding as if they had been infected with a virus, which limits the cancer cells' ability to multiply – an approach that may complement new immunotherapies.
Reference: Cell, August 2015
A new treatment strategy for prostate cancer
Dr Robert Day at the Université de Sherbrooke provided the first proof of concept that blocking a protein called PACE4 stops prostate cancer growth in mice. Anti-PACE4 therapy triggered prostate cancer cells to die and shrank tumours by 60%. A new collaboration is now advancing clinical testing and commercialization.
Reference: Oncotarget, February 2015
About the Canadian Cancer Society
The Canadian Cancer Society funds the best cancer research in Canada, thanks to our generous donors and our rigorous expert-review process. We are the largest national charitable funder of cancer research in Canada, funding hundreds of researchers in universities, hospitals and research centres across the country. Make your gift today at cancer.ca.
SOURCE Canadian Cancer Society (National Office)
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