Sun Life Financial Reports Third Quarter 2015 Results

TORONTO, Nov. 4, 2015 /CNW/ - Sun Life Financial Inc. (TSX: SLF) (NYSE: SLF)

The information contained in this document concerning the third quarter of 2015 is based on the unaudited interim financial results of Sun Life Financial Inc. for the period ended September 30, 2015. Sun Life Financial Inc., and its subsidiaries and joint ventures, are collectively referred to as "the Company", "Sun Life Financial", "we", "our", and "us". Unless otherwise noted, all amounts are in Canadian dollars.

Third Quarter 2015 Financial Highlights

  • Operating net income(1) of $478 million or $0.78 per share(1)(2), compared to $467 million or $0.76 per share in the third quarter of 2014. Reported net income of $482 million or $0.79 per share, compared to $435 million or $0.71 per share in the same period last year
    • Underlying net income(1) of $528 million or $0.86 per share(1)(2) in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $517 million or $0.84 per share in the third quarter of 2014
  • Operating return on equity(1) ("ROE") of 10.5% and underlying ROE(1) of 11.6% in the third quarter of 2015, compared to operating ROE of 11.9% and underlying ROE of 13.1% in the same period last year
  • Quarterly dividend declared of $0.39 per share
  • Minimum Continuing Capital and Surplus Requirements ratio for Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada of 229%
  • Global assets under management ("AUM") of $846 billion

"We reported underlying net income of $528 million in the third quarter of 2015, up slightly from the prior year in a volatile market environment. Notwithstanding the impact of capital markets on our results, we benefited from our balanced and diversified business model, coupled with strong execution on our four-pillar strategy." said Dean Connor, President and Chief Executive Officer, Sun Life Financial. "We announced a dividend increase of one cent per share, bringing our quarterly common share dividend to $0.39 per share. This, together with the increase announced in the first quarter, represents a total increase of 8% in the quarterly dividend in the year."

"We continued to deploy capital in accordance with our four-pillar business strategy through the agreement to acquire the U.S. Employee Benefits business of Assurant, Inc.," Connor said. "Completion of the acquisition will enhance our market position in U.S. Group Benefits with a significant boost in scale and new distribution and product capabilities."

"During the quarter, we also completed the acquisitions of Prime Advisors and Bentall Kennedy to broaden our asset management pillar," Connor said. "While assets under management at MFS were impacted by volatile markets and net outflows, MFS continues to deliver strong performance for clients and achieved solid margins of 40%."

"SLF Canada delivered strong sales growth across all lines of business. During the quarter, we announced the creation of the Digital Benefits Assistant which uses big data and advanced analytical tools to help plan members use their benefit plans wisely."

"SLF Asia reported strong underlying earnings, led by contributions from the Philippines and Hong Kong," Connor said. "Sales were strong in SLF Asia, with continuing momentum in the wealth businesses."

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(1) Operating net income (loss) and financial information based on operating net income (loss), such as operating earnings (loss) per share, operating ROE, underlying net income (loss), underlying earnings (loss) per share and underlying ROE, are not based on International Financial Reporting Standards. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(2) All earnings per share ("EPS") measures refer to fully diluted EPS, unless otherwise stated.

Reported net income was $482 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to reported net income of $435 million in the same period last year. The following table sets out our operating net income and underlying net income for the third quarter of 2015 and 2014.

($ millions, after-tax) Q3'15   Q3'14
Operating net income 478   467
Market related impacts (82)   (54)
Assumption changes and management actions 32   4
Underlying net income 528   517

The Board of Directors of Sun Life Financial Inc. today declared a quarterly shareholder dividend of $0.39 per common share.

Operational Highlights
Our strategy is focused on four key pillars of growth. We detail our continued progress against these pillars below.

Leader in financial protection and wealth solutions in our Canadian home market
Individual wealth sales increased by 16% to $1.2 billion, driven primarily by growth in mutual funds sales. Sun Life Global Investments (Canada) Inc. ("SLGI") had strong sales growth with a 45% increase in retail mutual fund sales over the third quarter of 2014 to $288 million. Total segregated fund sales of $152 million in the third quarter of 2015 increased by 54% from the third quarter of 2014, and included sales of $111 million of Sun Life Guaranteed Investment Funds, our new segregated fund product launched in the second quarter of 2015.

Individual insurance sales in Canada increased by 31% to $98 million from the third quarter of 2014, driven by growth in all distribution channels, and included a number of large participating whole life insurance sales.

Group Benefits ("GB") sales increased to $139 million from $81 million in the third quarter of 2014, including a number of large client wins. Group Retirement Services ("GRS") sales increased by 71% compared to the third quarter of the prior year, achieving $2.2 billion, driven by strong defined contribution plan sales. GRS assets under administration were $77 billion at the end of the third quarter of 2015.

SLF Canada achieved Platinum certification from Excellence Canada, which recognizes Canada's best run corporations across six categories: leadership, strategy, customer experience, people engagement, process management and partners.

Premier global asset manager, anchored by MFS
In the third quarter of 2015, we completed the acquisitions of Prime Advisors, Inc. ("Prime Advisors") and the Bentall Kennedy group of companies ("Bentall Kennedy"). These acquisitions, along with the acquisition of Ryan Labs Asset Management Inc. ("Ryan Labs") in the second quarter of 2015, build on our strategy to expand our capabilities in customized fixed income solutions and alternative asset classes in our asset management pillar. Sun Life Investment Management ("SLIM"), which consists of Bentall Kennedy, Prime Advisors, Ryan Labs, and Sun Life Investment Management Inc., had combined total third-party AUM of $56 billion as at September 30, 2015 and gross sales for the third quarter of 2015 of $1.2 billion.

MFS's AUM of US$404 billion at the end of September 30, 2015 declined compared to the second quarter of 2015 with market depreciation of $28 billion and net outflows of US$9 billion in the quarter. Lower sales and higher levels of redemptions by institutional clients were the largest drivers of the outflows in the third quarter of 2015.

MFS's long-term retail fund performance remains strong with 74%, 86%, and 97% of MFS's mutual fund assets ranked in the top half of their Lipper categories based on three-, five-, and ten-year performance, respectively, as of the third quarter of 2015.

Bentall Kennedy was named the top North American firm and a top firm globally in the 2015 Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark rankings. This is the fifth year that the team at Bentall Kennedy has received this recognition.

Leader in U.S. group benefits and International high net worth solutions
On September 9, 2015, we announced an agreement to acquire the Employee Benefits business of Assurant, Inc. ("Assurant"). The transaction will expand our capabilities in our U.S. group benefits business, with an array of employee benefits products that include leading capabilities in the Group Life and Disability, Dental and Vision, Stop-Loss and Voluntary businesses.

This acquisition, in concert with the management of our current U.S. group business, allows us to accelerate growth in our U.S. strategic pillar, bringing value to our clients, partners, distributors, employees and the communities we serve.

We also continued our expense, claims management and pricing actions in the group life and disability business, driving improvement in Group Benefits operating net income. In addition, we continue to expand our offerings on private exchanges, a growing distribution platform in the U.S. market. In September 2015, we announced a partnership with Maxwell Health, our fourth private exchange partnership agreement signed in 2015, bringing us to a total of eight private exchange platforms.

The U.S. stop-loss business continued to achieve strong results. Sales increased 63% to US$60 million compared to the third quarter of 2014, along with a 14% growth in stop-loss business in-force over the same quarter in the prior year.

Growing Asia through distribution excellence in higher growth markets
Wealth sales in SLF Asia grew compared to the third quarter of 2014, with strong mutual fund sales in India and higher managed funds sales in Hong Kong.

Individual insurance sales in SLF Asia of $114 million reflected sales growth in the Philippines, Vietnam and Malaysia, which were more than offset by decreases in Hong Kong, Indonesia, India and China.

Sun Life of Canada (Philippines), Inc. received the prestigious 'Employer of the Year' award by the People Management Association of the Philippines. The annual award is based on leadership, business results and contributions to the community.

How We Report Our Results
Sun Life Financial Inc. ("SLF Inc."), and its subsidiaries and joint ventures, are collectively referred to as "the Company", "Sun Life Financial", "we", "our", and "us". We manage our operations and report our financial results in five business segments: Sun Life Financial Canada ("SLF Canada"), Sun Life Financial United States ("SLF U.S."), Sun Life Financial Asset Management ("SLF Asset Management"), Sun Life Financial Asia ("SLF Asia"), and Corporate.  SLF Asset Management consists of the operations of MFS Investment Management ("MFS") and Sun Life Investment Management ("SLIM"). SLIM consists of the Bentall Kennedy group of companies ("Bentall Kennedy"), Prime Advisors, Inc. ("Prime Advisors"), Ryan Labs Asset Management Inc. ("Ryan Labs"), and Sun Life Investment Management Inc. ("SLIM Inc."). Our Corporate segment includes the operations of our United Kingdom business unit ("SLF U.K.") and Corporate Support operations. Our Corporate Support operations includes our Run-off reinsurance business and investment income, expenses, capital and other items not allocated to other business segments. Information concerning these segments is included in our annual and interim consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes ("Annual Consolidated Financial Statements" and "Interim Consolidated Financial Statements", respectively). We prepare our unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements using International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS"), and in accordance with the International Accounting Standard ("IAS") 34 Interim Financial Reporting. The information contained in this document is in Canadian dollars unless otherwise noted.

SLF Asset Management
In the third quarter of 2015, we renamed our MFS segment to SLF Asset Management to reflect our acquisitions closed in 2015. This segment includes the operations of MFS, our premier global asset management firm, previously reported as the MFS segment, and the operations of SLIM, our third-party institutional investment management business, have been added to this segment. SLIM consists of: (i) Bentall Kennedy, a real estate investment manager operating in Canada and the U.S.; (ii) Prime Advisors, Inc., a U.S.-based investment management firm specializing in customized fixed income portfolios primarily for U.S. insurance companies; (iii) Ryan Labs Asset Management Inc. (previously Ryan Labs, Inc.), a New York-based asset manager specializing in fixed income and liability-driven investing; and (iv) SLIM Inc., our institutional asset manager which provides investment expertise in alternative asset classes and liability-driven investing to pension funds and other institutional investors in Canada.

Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures
We report certain financial information using non-IFRS financial measures, as we believe that these measures provide information that is useful to investors in understanding our performance and facilitate a comparison of our quarterly and full year results from period to period. These non-IFRS financial measures do not have any standardized meaning and may not be comparable with similar measures used by other companies. For certain non-IFRS financial measures, there are no directly comparable amounts under IFRS. These non-IFRS financial measures should not be viewed as alternatives to measures of financial performance determined in accordance with IFRS. Additional information concerning these non-IFRS financial measures and reconciliations to the closest IFRS measures are included in our annual and interim management's discussion and analysis ("MD&A") and the Supplementary Financial Information packages that are available on www.sunlife.com under Investors - Financial results & reports. Reconciliations to IFRS measures are also available in this document under the heading Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.

Operating net income (loss) and financial measures based on operating net income (loss), consisting of operating earnings per share ("EPS") or operating loss per share, and operating return on equity ("ROE"), are non-IFRS financial measures. Operating net income (loss) excludes from reported net income the impact of the following amounts that are not operational or ongoing in nature to assist investors in understanding our business performance: (i) certain hedges in SLF Canada that do not qualify for hedge accounting; (ii) fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS; (iii) the loss on the sale of our U.S. Annuity Business(1); (iv) the impact of assumption changes and management actions related to the sale of our U.S. Annuity Business(1); (v) acquisition, integration and restructuring costs (including impacts related to the sale of our U.S. Annuity Business(1) and impacts related to acquiring and integrating acquisitions, previously reported as restructuring and other related costs); (vi) goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges; and (vii) other items that are not operational or ongoing in nature. Operating EPS also excludes the dilutive impact of convertible instruments.

Underlying net income (loss) and financial measures based on underlying net income (loss), consisting of underlying EPS or underlying loss per share, and underlying ROE, are non-IFRS financial measures. Underlying net income (loss) removes from operating net income (loss) the impact of the following items that create volatility in our results under IFRS and when removed assist in explaining our results from period to period: (a) market related impacts; (b) assumption changes and management actions; and (c) other items that have not been treated as adjustments to operating net income and when removed assist in explaining our results from period to period. Market related impacts include: (i) the impact of changes in interest rates that differ from our best estimate assumptions in the reporting period on investment returns and the value of derivative instruments used in our hedging programs, including changes in credit and swap spreads, and any changes to the assumed fixed income reinvestment rates in determining the actuarial liabilities; (ii) the impact of changes in equity markets, net of hedging, above or below our best estimate assumptions of approximately 2% growth per quarter in the reporting period and of basis risk inherent in our hedging program for products that provide benefit guarantees; and (iii) the impact of changes in the fair value of real estate properties in the reporting period. Additional information regarding these adjustments is available in the footnotes to the table included under the heading Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 in the Financial Summary section in this document. Assumption changes reflect the impact of revisions to the assumptions used in determining our liabilities for insurance contracts and investment contracts. The impact on our liabilities for insurance contracts and investment contracts of actions taken by management in the current reporting period, referred to as management actions include, for example, changes in the prices of in-force products, new or revised reinsurance on in-force business, or material changes to investment policies for asset segments supporting our liabilities. Underlying EPS also excludes the dilutive impact of convertible instruments.

Other non-IFRS financial measures that we use include adjusted revenue, administrative services only ("ASO"), premium and deposit equivalents, mutual fund assets and sales, managed fund assets and sales, premiums and deposits, adjusted premiums and deposits, assets under management ("AUM") and assets under administration, and effective income tax rate on an operating net income basis.

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(1)   Effective August 1, 2013, we completed the sale of our U.S. annuities business and certain of our U.S. life insurance businesses (collectively, our "U.S. Annuity Business"). For information on our discontinued operations, refer to our 2014 Annual Consolidated Financial Statements and 2013 annual MD&A.

Unless indicated otherwise, all factors discussed in this document that impact our results are applicable to reported net income (loss), operating net income (loss), and underlying net income (loss). Reported net income (loss) refers to Common shareholders' net income (loss) determined in accordance with IFRS. Reported net income (loss), operating net income (loss) including adjustments, underlying net income (loss) including adjustments, and net income and other comprehensive income ("OCI") sensitivities are expressed on an after-tax basis unless otherwise noted.

All EPS measures in this document refer to fully diluted EPS, unless otherwise stated.

Additional Information
Additional information about SLF Inc. can be found in our Annual and Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, annual and interim MD&A and Annual Information Form ("AIF"). These documents are filed with securities regulators in Canada and are available at www.sedar.com. SLF Inc.'s Annual Consolidated Financial Statements, annual MD&A and AIF are filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") in SLF Inc.'s annual report on Form 40-F and SLF Inc.'s interim MD&As and Interim Consolidated Financial Statements are furnished to the SEC on Form 6-Ks and are available at www.sec.gov.

Financial Summary

  Quarterly results   Year-to-date
($ millions, unless otherwise noted) Q3'15   Q2'15 Q1'15 Q4'14 Q3'14   2015 2014
Net income (loss)                  
  Operating net income (loss)(1) 478   731 446 511 467   1,655 1,409
  Reported net income (loss) 482   726 441 502 435   1,649 1,260
  Underlying net income (loss)(1) 528   615 516 360 517   1,659 1,456
Diluted EPS ($)                  
  Operating EPS (diluted)(1) 0.78   1.19 0.73 0.83 0.76   2.70 2.30
  Reported EPS (diluted) 0.79   1.18 0.72 0.81 0.71   2.68 2.05
  Underlying EPS (diluted)(1) 0.86   1.00 0.84 0.59 0.84   2.71 2.38
Reported basic EPS ($) 0.79   1.19 0.72 0.82 0.71   2.69 2.06
Avg. common shares outstanding (millions) 611   612 613 613 612   612 611
Closing common shares outstanding (millions) 611.2   610.6 611.2 613.1 612.7   611.2 612.7
Dividends per common share ($) 0.38   0.38 0.36 0.36 0.36   1.12 1.08
MCCSR ratio(2) 229 %   223 % 216 % 217 % 218 %   229 % 218 %
Return on equity (%)                  
  Operating ROE(1) 10.5 %   16.5 % 10.4 % 12.6 % 11.9 %   12.5 % 12.2 %
  Underlying ROE(1) 11.6 %   13.9 % 12.1 % 8.8 % 13.1 %   12.5 % 12.6 %
Premiums and deposits                  
  Net premium revenue 2,114   2,523 2,207 2,701 2,695   6,844 7,295
  Segregated fund deposits 2,626   4,487 2,411 2,155 1,907   9,524 7,094
  Mutual fund sales(1) 16,902   19,927 22,124 17,071 14,714   58,953 49,548
  Managed fund sales(1) 7,507   7,002 8,243 7,988 8,170   22,752 21,880
  ASO premium and deposit equivalents(1) 1,758   1,781 1,769 1,855 1,638   5,308 4,893
Total premiums and deposits(1) 30,907   35,720 36,754 31,770 29,124   103,381 90,710
Assets under management                  
  General fund assets 151,654   145,472 148,725 139,419 133,623   151,654 133,623
  Segregated funds 88,248   90,500 89,667 83,938 82,058   88,248 82,058
  Mutual funds, managed funds and other AUM(1) 606,256   572,110 574,166 511,085 482,499   606,256 482,499
Total AUM(1) 846,158   808,082 812,558 734,442 698,180   846,158 698,180
Capital                
  Subordinated debt and innovative capital instruments(3) 3,389   2,879 2,881 2,865 2,857   3,389 2,857
  Participating policyholders' equity 164   139 142 141 133   164 133
  Total shareholders' equity 20,609   19,997 19,761 18,731 18,156   20,609 18,156
Total capital 24,162   23,015 22,784 21,737 21,146   24,162 21,146
(1)  Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(2)  Minimum Continuing Capital and Surplus Requirements ("MCCSR") ratio of Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada ("Sun Life Assurance").
(3) Innovative capital instruments consist of Sun Life ExchangEable Capital Securities and qualify as capital for Canadian regulatory purposes. However, under IFRS they are reported as Senior debentures in our Annual and Interim Consolidated Financial Statements. For additional information see Capital and Liquidity Management - Capital in our 2014 annual MD&A.
   

Unless indicated otherwise, all factors discussed in this document that impact our results are applicable to reported net income (loss), operating net income (loss), and underlying net income (loss).

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014
Our reported net income was $482 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $435 million in the third quarter of 2014. Operating net income was $478 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2015, compared to $467 million for the same period last year. Underlying net income was $528 million, compared to $517 million in the third quarter of 2014.

Operating ROE and underlying ROE in the third quarter of 2015 were 10.5% and 11.6%, respectively. Operating and underlying ROE in the third quarter of 2014 were 11.9% and 13.1%, respectively.

The following table reconciles our net income measures and sets out the impact that other notable items had on our net income in the third quarter of 2015 and 2014.

    Quarterly results
($ millions, after-tax)   Q3'15   Q3'14
Reported net income   482   435
  Certain hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting in SLF Canada   (10)   2
  Fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS   28   (31)
  Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs(1)   (14)   (3)
Operating net income(2)   478   467
  Equity market impact        
    Impact from equity market changes   (116)   1
    Basis risk impact   (6)   (4)
  Equity market impact(3)   (122)   (3)
  Interest rate impact        
    Impact from interest rate changes   (13)   (56)
    Impact of credit spread movements   26  
    Impact of swap spread movements   31   —  
  Interest rate impact(4)   44   (50)
  Increases (decreases) from changes in the fair value of real estate   (4)   (1)
  Market related impacts   (82)   (54)
  Assumption changes and management actions   32  
Underlying net income(2)   528   517
         
Impact of other notable items on our net income:        
Experience related items(5)        
  Impact of investment activity on insurance contract liabilities   33   22
  Mortality   (18)   (4)
  Morbidity   (26)   (10)
  Credit   20   9
  Lapse and other policyholder behaviour   10   (8)
  Expenses   (7)   (17)
  Other   (16)   9
Other items(6)       29
(1)  In 2015, acquisition and integration costs primarily related to our acquisitions and integrations of Bentall Kennedy, Prime Advisors and Ryan Labs and our proposed acquisition of Assurant, Inc.'s U.S. Employee Benefits business. In 2014, restructuring costs consisted of transition costs related to the sale of our U.S. Annuity Business.
(2)  Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(3) Equity market impact consists primarily of the effect of changes in equity markets during the quarter, net of hedging, that differ from the best estimate assumptions used in the determination of our insurance contract liabilities of approximately 2% growth per quarter in equity markets. Equity market impact also includes the income impact of the basis risk inherent in our hedging program, which is the difference between the return on underlying funds of products that provide benefit guarantees and the return on the derivative assets used to hedge those benefit guarantees.
(4) Interest rate impact includes the effect of interest rate changes on investment returns that differ from best estimate assumptions, and on the value of derivative instruments used in our hedging programs. Our exposure to interest rates varies by product type, line of business, and geography. Given the long-term nature of our business, we have a higher degree of sensitivity in respect of interest rates at long durations. Interest rate impact also includes the income impact of changes in assumed fixed income reinvestment rates and of credit and swap spread movements.
(5) Experience related items reflect the difference between actual experience during the reporting period and best estimate assumptions used in the determination of our insurance contract liabilities.
(6)  In 2014, Other items consists of non-recurring tax benefits pertaining to SLF U.K. and MFS.
   

Our reported net income for the third quarter of 2015 and 2014 included items that are not operational or ongoing in nature and are, therefore, excluded in our calculation of operating net income. Operating net income for the third quarter of 2015 and 2014 excluded the net impact of certain hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting in SLF Canada, fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS, and acquisition, integration and restructuring costs. The net impact of these items increased reported net income by $4 million in the third quarter of 2015 compared to a reduction of $32 million in the third quarter of 2014. In addition, our operating net income in the third quarter of 2015 increased by $58 million as a result of movements in currency rates relative to the average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014.

Our underlying net income for the third quarter of 2015 and 2014 excludes market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions. The net impact of market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions reduced operating net income by $50 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to a decrease of $50 million in the third quarter of 2014.

Net income in the third quarter of 2015 also reflected the favourable impact of investment activity on insurance contract liabilities, positive credit experience and policyholder behaviour, partially offset by unfavourable morbidity and mortality experience, expense experience, and other experience items.

Net income in the third quarter of 2014 also reflected gains from investment activity on insurance contract liabilities, positive credit experience, tax benefits and business growth. These items were partially offset by unfavourable mortality and morbidity and expense experience.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 (year-to-date)
Our reported net income was $1,649 million for the first nine months of 2015, compared to $1,260 million in the first nine months of 2014. Operating net income was $1,655 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $1,409 million for the same period last year. Underlying net income was $1,659 million, compared to $1,456 million for the first nine months of 2014.

Operating ROE and underlying ROE for the first nine months of 2015 were both 12.5%. Operating ROE and underlying ROE for the first nine months of 2014 were 12.2% and 12.6%, respectively.

The following table reconciles our net income measures and sets out the impact that other notable items had on our net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014.

  Year-to-date  
($ millions, after-tax)   2015   2014  
Reported net income   1,649     1,260  
  Certain hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting in SLF Canada   11     (1)  
  Fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS   (3)     (126)  
  Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs(1)   (14)     (22)  
Operating net income(2)   1,655     1,409  
  Net equity market impact(3)   (124)     53  
  Net interest rate impact(4)   100     (158)  
  Net increases (decreases) from changes in the fair value of real estate   17     3  
  Market related impacts   (7)     (102)  
  Assumption changes and management actions   3     55  
Underlying net income(2)   1,659     1,456  
Impact of other notable items on our net income:          
Experience related items(5)          
  Impact of investment activity on insurance contract liabilities   91     90  
  Mortality   22     (16)  
  Morbidity   (12)     (38)  
  Credit   54     43  
  Lapse and other policyholder behaviour   (10)     (25)  
  Expenses   (42)     (42)  
  Other   (21)     22  
Other items(6)       29  
(1) In 2015, acquisition and integration costs primarily related to our acquisitions and integrations of Bentall Kennedy, Prime Advisors and Ryan Labs and our proposed acquisition of Assurant, Inc.'s U.S. Employee Benefits business. In 2014, restructuring costs consisted of transition costs related to the sale of our U.S. Annuity Business.
(2)  Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(3) Equity market impact consists primarily of the effect of changes in equity markets during the period, net of hedging, that differ from the best estimate assumptions used in the determination of our insurance contract liabilities of approximately 2% growth per quarter in equity markets. Equity market impact also includes the income impact of the basis risk inherent in our hedging program, which is the difference between the return on underlying funds of products that provide benefit guarantees and the return on the derivative assets used to hedge those benefit guarantees.
(4) Interest rate impact includes the effect of interest rate changes on investment returns that differ from best estimate assumptions, and on the value of derivative instruments used in our hedging programs. Our exposure to interest rates varies by product type, line of business and geography. Given the long-term nature of our business, we have a higher degree of sensitivity in respect of interest rates at long durations. Interest rate impact also includes the income impact of changes in assumed fixed income reinvestment rates and of credit and swap spread movements.
(5) Experience related items reflect the difference between actual experience during the reporting period and best estimate assumptions used in the determination of our insurance contract liabilities.
(6) In 2014, Other items consists of non-recurring tax benefits pertaining to SLF U.K. and MFS.
   

Our reported net income for the first nine months of 2015 and 2014 included items that are not operational or ongoing in nature and are, therefore, excluded in our calculation of operating net income. Operating net income for the first nine months of 2015 and 2014 excluded the net impact of certain hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting in SLF Canada, fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS, and acquisition, integration and restructuring costs. The net impact of these items reduced reported net income by $6 million in the first nine months of 2015 compared to a reduction of $149 million in the same period of 2014. In addition, our operating net income in the first nine months of 2015 increased by $137 million as a result of movements in currency rates in the first nine months of 2015 relative to the average exchange rates in the first nine months of 2014.

Our underlying net income for the first nine months of 2015 and 2014 excludes market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions. The net impact of market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions reduced operating net income by $4 million in the first nine months of 2015, compared to a decrease of $47 million in the first nine months of 2014.

Net income for the first nine months of 2015 also reflected the favourable impact from investment activity on insurance contract liabilities, positive credit and mortality experience, partially offset by unfavourable expense experience including investment in growing our businesses, morbidity, lapse and other policyholder behaviour, and other experience items.

Net income for the first nine months of 2014 also reflected gains from investment activity on insurance contract liabilities, positive credit experience, business growth and tax benefits, partially offset by unfavourable mortality and morbidity, expense, and lapse and other policyholder behaviour experience.

Assumption Changes and Management Actions
Due to the long-term nature of our business, we make certain judgments involving assumptions and estimates to value our obligations to policyholders. The valuation of these obligations are recorded in our financial statements as insurance contract liabilities and investment contract liabilities and requires us to make assumptions about equity market performance, interest rates, asset default, mortality and morbidity rates, lapse and other policyholder behaviour, expenses and inflation and other factors over the life of our products. We review assumptions each year, generally in the third quarter, and revise these assumptions if appropriate.

During the third quarter of 2015 the net impact of assumption changes and management actions resulted in an increase of $32 million to reported and operating net income compared to an increase of $4 million in the third quarter of 2014.

Assumption changes and management actions by type
The following table sets out the impact of assumption changes and management actions on our net income in the third quarter of 2015.

Q3'15               Quarterly
($ millions, after-tax)       Impact on net
income
      Comments
Mortality/morbidity       179       Updates to reflect mortality/morbidity experience in all jurisdictions and
changes to future mortality improvement assumptions in the
International insurance business in SLF U.S.
Lapse and other policyholder behaviour       (555)       Updates to reflect experience as discussed below.
Expenses       (85)       Updates to reflect expense studies primarily in our International wealth
business in SLF U.S. and in the individual wealth business in SLF
Canada.
Investment returns       237       Updates to various investment related assumptions. The largest items
are a change to the provision for investment risk in the SLF Canada
participating account and the reflection of investment strategy changes
in the SLF Canada non-participating insurance business.
Model enhancements and other       256       Other changes, the largest of which are changes in reinsurance
agreements and tax assumptions in the SLF U.S. insurance business.
Total impact on net income(1)       32        
(1) Assumption changes and management actions is presented as an adjustment to arrive at underlying net income described in the Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 heading of this section.
   

Changes in lapse and policyholder behaviour assumptions are primarily in the individual insurance businesses in SLF Canada and SLF U.S. The largest items, which all had negative impacts, were the increase in lapse rates at renewal for term insurance in SLF Canada to reflect a stronger link between lapse rates and the size of the renewal premium increase; the reduction in lapse rates at longer policy durations for Universal Life policies in SLF Canada to reflect emerging experience; the reduction in assumed premium payments for flexible premium insurance policies in SLF U.S. to reflect the increasing tendency of policyholders to stop paying premiums when their policy becomes fully funded; and the reduction in lapse rates on International insurance policies, especially for no-lapse-guarantee policies.

Goodwill Impairment Testing
In the fourth quarter of 2015, we will perform our annual goodwill impairment testing. Testing is conducted by comparing a cash generating unit's ("CGU's") carrying value to its recoverable amount. We determine the recoverable amount by reference to an appraisal value that is impacted by the economic and regulatory environment, which includes changes in interest rates, market volatility, capital requirements and other factors, and is based on estimates of future sales, income, expenses, and the level and cost of capital over the lifetime of the business.

A listing of our CGUs as at December 31, 2014 and the goodwill allocated to them is included in Note 10 of our 2014 Annual Consolidated Financial Statements.

Goodwill is not recognized as an asset for MCCSR purposes and is deducted from available capital. Therefore, impairment charges against goodwill do not have any impact on the MCCSR ratio.

Acquisitions
On July 31, 2015, we completed the acquisition of Prime Advisors, a U.S.-based investment management firm specializing in customized fixed income portfolios primarily for U.S. insurance companies.

On September 1, 2015, we completed the acquisition of Bentall Kennedy, a real estate investment manager operating in Canada and the U.S.

On September 9, 2015, we entered into an agreement with Assurant, Inc. ("Assurant") to acquire Assurant's U.S. Employee Benefits business. The acquisition will be financed using a combination of cash and subordinated debt issued by SLF Inc. The transaction is expected to close by the end of the first quarter of 2016 and is subject to regulatory approvals and customary closing conditions.

Additional information concerning the acquisitions is provided in Note 3 of our Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

Impact of Foreign Exchange Rates
We have operations in many markets worldwide, including Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Japan, Indonesia, India, China, Australia, Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Bermuda, and generate revenues and incur expenses in local currencies in these jurisdictions, which are translated to Canadian dollars.

Items impacting our Consolidated Statements of Operations, such as Revenue, Benefits and expenses, and income, are translated to Canadian dollars using average exchange rates for the respective period. For items impacting our Consolidated Statements of Financial Position, such as Assets and Liabilities, period end rates are used for currency translation purposes. The following table provides the most relevant foreign exchange rates over the past five quarters and two years.

Exchange Rate             Quarterly Year-to-date
              Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   2015   2014
Average                                      
  U.S. Dollar             1.307   1.229   1.240   1.136   1.088   1.259   1.094
  U.K. Pounds             2.025   1.882   1.878   1.797   1.817   1.929   1.825
Period end                                      
  U.S. Dollar             1.331   1.249   1.269   1.162   1.120   1.331   1.120
  U.K. Pounds             2.014   1.962   1.880   1.809   1.815   2.014   1.815

In general, our net income benefits from a weakening Canadian dollar and is adversely affected by a strengthening Canadian dollar as net income from the Company's international operations is translated back to Canadian dollars. However, in a period of losses, the weakening of the Canadian dollar has the effect of increasing the losses. The relative impact of foreign exchange in any given period is driven by the movement of currency rates as well as the proportion of earnings generated in our foreign operations. We generally express the impact of foreign exchange on net income on a year-over-year basis. During the third quarter of 2015, our operating net income increased by $58 million as a result of movements in currency rates in the third quarter of 2015 relative to the average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014. In addition, during the first nine months of 2015, our operating net income increased by $137 million as a result of movements in currency rates in the first nine months of 2015 relative to the average exchange rates in the first nine months of 2014.

Performance by Business Group

SLF Canada
SLF Canada is the Canadian market leader in a number of its businesses, providing products and services to over six million Canadians. Our distribution breadth, strong service culture, technology leadership, and brand recognition provide an excellent platform for growth. SLF Canada has three main business units - Individual Insurance & Wealth, Group Benefits ("GB"), and Group Retirement Services ("GRS") - which offer a full range of protection, wealth accumulation, and income products and services to individuals in their communities and their workplaces.

  Quarterly results   Year-to-date
($ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   2015   2014
Underlying net income (loss)(1) 174   250   201   181   237   625   642
  Market related impacts (51)   70   (69)   (54)   (33)   (50)   (23)
  Assumption changes and management actions 14   11   3   (4)   35   28   55
Operating net income (loss)(1) 137   331   135   123   239   603   674
  Hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting (10)   6   15   (6)   2   11   (1)
Reported net income (loss) 127   337   150   117   241   614   673
Underlying ROE (%)(1) 9.0   12.8   10.6   9.7   12.8   10.8   11.6
Operating ROE (%)(1) 7.0   17.0   7.1   6.6   12.9   10.4   12.2
Operating net income (loss) by business unit(1)                          
  Individual Insurance & Wealth(1) 42   178   38   80   68   258   304
  Group Benefits(1) 71   107   54   55   124   232   235
  Group Retirement Services(1) 24   46   43   (12)   47   113   135
Total operating net income (loss)(1) 137   331   135   123   239   603   674
(1)   Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
 

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014
SLF Canada's reported net income was $127 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $241 million in the third quarter of 2014. Operating net income was $137 million, compared to $239 million in the third quarter of 2014. Operating net income for both periods in SLF Canada excludes the impact of certain hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting, which are set out in the table above.

Underlying net income in the third quarter of 2015 was $174 million, compared to $237 million in the third quarter of 2014. Underlying net income in SLF Canada excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The unfavourable effect of market related impacts in the third quarter of 2015 was primarily driven by equity markets partially offset by swap spreads and credit spreads, compared to the unfavourable effect in the third quarter of 2014 primarily driven by interest rates and equity markets.

Net income in the third quarter of 2015 also reflected lower gains from new business in GRS, unfavourable mortality experience in the individual wealth business in Individual Insurance & Wealth and GRS, and expense experience including investment in growing our individual wealth business. In our GB line of business, the unfavourable, though improved, impacts of high cost drug claims were offset by positive disability experience.

Net income in the third quarter of 2014 also reflected net realized gains on available-for-sale ("AFS") assets, the favourable impact of gains from new business in GRS and the insurance business in Individual Insurance & Wealth, as well as gains from investing activity on insurance contract liabilities.

In the third quarter of 2015, individual life and health insurance product sales increased 31% compared to the same period last year, and included a number of large participating whole life insurance sales. Sales of Individual wealth products increased 16% over the third quarter of 2014 due to strong mutual fund sales and segregated fund sales including sales of Sun Life Guaranteed Investment Funds. Sun Life Global Investments (Canada) Inc. ("SLGI") retail mutual funds continued their positive momentum from 2014, with sales up 45% over the same period in 2014.

GB sales increased 72% compared to the third quarter of 2014 primarily driven by activity in the large case market segment. GRS sales increased 71% compared to the prior year due to strong defined contribution sales and the successful retention of large case business. Pension rollover sales were $543 million, an increase of 39% from the third quarter of 2014.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 (year-to-date)
Reported net income was $614 million for the first nine months of 2015, compared to $673 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Operating net income for the first nine months of 2015 was $603 million, compared to $674 million in the same period of 2014. Operating net income for both periods in SLF Canada excludes the impact of certain hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting, which are set out in the table above.

Underlying net income was $625 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $642 million in the same period last year. Underlying net income in SLF Canada excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The unfavourable effect of market related impacts in the first nine months of 2015 was primarily driven by equity markets partially offset by the positive impacts of swap spreads and credit spreads, compared to the unfavourable effect in the first nine months of 2014 primarily driven by interest rates partially offset by equity markets.

Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 also reflected gains from investment activity on insurance contract liabilities offset by unfavourable policyholder behaviour, lower gains on new business, and expense experience including investment in growing our individual wealth business.

Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 also reflected net realized gains on AFS assets, gains from new business in GRS and the insurance business in Individual Insurance & Wealth, as well as gains from investing activity on insurance contract liabilities. These positive impacts were partially offset by unfavourable morbidity experience in GB.

SLF U.S.
SLF U.S. has three business units: Group Benefits, International, and In-force Management. Group Benefits provides protection solutions to employers and employees including group life, disability, medical stop-loss, and dental insurance products, as well as a suite of voluntary benefits products. International offers individual life insurance and investment wealth products to high net worth clients in international markets. In-force Management includes certain closed individual life insurance products, primarily universal life and participating whole life insurance.

  Quarterly results   Year-to-date
(US$ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   2015   2014
Underlying net income (loss)(1) 73   85   65   9   45   223   231
  Market related impacts (16)   23   8   16   (6)   15   (53)
  Assumption changes and management actions (8)     (54)   121   (42)   (62)   (19)
Operating net income (loss) (1) 49   108   19   146   (3)   176   159
Reported net income (loss) 49   108   19   146   (3)   176   159
Underlying ROE (%)(1) 11.2   12.7   9.7   1.3   6.8   11.2   11.3
Operating ROE (%)(1) 7.5   16.2   2.8   22.0   (0.4)   8.9   7.8
Operating net income (loss) by business unit(1)                          
  Group Benefits(1) 16   22   38   (64)   (11)   76   9
  International(1) 67   (1)   2   78   33   68   83
  In-force Management(1) (34)   87   (21)   132   (25)   32   67
Total operating net income (loss)(1) 49   108   19   146   (3)   176   159
                           
(C$ millions)                          
Underlying net income (loss)(1) 97   105   81   13   48   283   253
Operating net income (loss)(1) 64   134   35   168   (4)   233   173
Reported net income (loss) 64   134   35   168   (4)   233   173
(1)   Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
   

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014
SLF U.S.'s reported net income and operating net income was C$64 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to reported net loss and operating net loss of C$4 million in the third quarter of 2014. There were no operating net income adjustments in SLF U.S. in 2015 or 2014. Underlying net income was C$97 million, compared to C$48 million in the third quarter of 2014. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the third quarter of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014 increased operating net income by $11 million.

In U.S. dollars, SLF U.S.'s reported net income and operating net income was US$49 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to reported net loss and operating net loss of US$3 million in the third quarter of 2014. Underlying net income was US$73 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to US$45 million in the third quarter of 2014. Underlying net income excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The unfavourable effect of market related impacts in the third quarter of 2015 was primarily driven by the impact of interest rate and equity market changes partially offset by changes in credit spreads and swap spreads, compared to the unfavourable effect in the third quarter of 2014 primarily driven by the impact of interest rate changes partially offset by changes in credit spreads. Assumption changes and management actions in the third quarter of 2015 had an unfavourable impact in In-force Management mostly offset by favourable impacts in International and Group Benefits.

Net income in the third quarter of 2015 also reflected net realized gains on the sale of AFS assets, favourable tax adjustments related to prior years, and the impact of price increases and expense management in Group Benefits. These items were partially offset by unfavourable morbidity and mortality experience in Group Benefits.

Net income in the third quarter of 2014 also reflected unfavourable underwriting experience in Group Benefits, primarily in the disability line of business, unfavourable mortality experience in Group Benefits and In-force Management and non-recurring expense experience.

Group Benefits sales in the third quarter of 2015 increased 10% compared to the same period last year driven by a 63% increase in stop-loss sales.

International sales reflect the ongoing repositioning of our product offerings in our chosen life and wealth markets, and showed a decrease of 66% compared to the same period last year.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 (year-to-date)
SLF U.S.'s reported net income and operating net income was C$233 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to reported net income and operating net income of C$173 million for the same period last year. There were no operating net income adjustments in SLF U.S. in 2015 or 2014. Underlying net income was C$283 million in the first nine months of 2015, compared to C$253 million in the same period of 2014. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the first nine months of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the first nine months of 2014 increased operating net income by $31 million.

In U.S. dollars, SLF U.S.'s reported net income and operating net income was US$176 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to reported net income and operating net income of US$159 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Underlying net income was US$223 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to US$231 million in the same period last year. Underlying net income excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The favourable effect of market related impacts in the first nine months of 2015 was primarily driven by changes in credit spreads partially offset by equity market changes, compared to the unfavourable effect in the first nine months of 2014 primarily driven by interest rates.

Net income for the first nine months of 2015 also reflected positive credit experience, net realized gains on the sale of AFS assets, favourable tax adjustments related to prior years, the impact of price increases and expense management in Group Benefits, and favourable mortality experience in International. These items were partially offset by unfavourable claims experience in Group Benefits and unfavourable mortality and policyholder behaviour experience in In-force Management.

Net income for the first nine months of 2014 also reflected net realized gains on the sale of AFS assets and favourable credit experience, partially offset by unfavourable mortality experience in group life and In-force Management and unfavourable underwriting experience in our group disability line of business.

SLF Asset Management
SLF Asset Management is our asset management segment composed of MFS and SLIM.

MFS is a premier global asset management firm which offers a comprehensive selection of products and services. Drawing on an investment heritage that emphasizes collaboration and integrity, MFS actively manages assets for retail and institutional investors around the world through mutual and commingled funds, separately managed accounts, institutional products, and retirement strategies.

SLIM delivers customized fixed income solutions including liability-driven investing, and a suite of alternative, yield-oriented asset classes, including private fixed income, real estate and commercial mortgages. SLIM consists of the businesses of Bentall Kennedy, Prime Advisors, Ryan Labs, and SLIM Inc. that offer a comprehensive set of capabilities to institutional investors.

  Quarterly results Year-to-date
SLF Asset Management (C$ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   2015   2014  
Operating net income and underlying net income(1) 176   173   168   156   168   517   460  
  Fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards 28   (11)   (20)   1   (31)   (3)   (126)  
Reported net income 204   162   148   157   137   514   334  
Assets under management (C$ billions)(2) 593.0   558.3   559.9   500.7   475.6   593.0   475.6  
Gross sales (C$ billions)(2) 22.7   25.3   28.2   23.3   21.9   76.2   67.8  
Net sales (C$ billions)(2) (11.2)   (1.8)   (0.2)   (2.2)   (2.2)   (13.2)   3.4  
               
MFS (C$ millions)              
Operating net income(1) 173   173   168   156   168   514   460  
  Fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards 28   (11)   (20)   1   (31)   (3)   (126)  
Reported net income 201   162   148   157   137   511   334  
Assets under management (C$ billions)(2) 537.4   550.2   559.9   500.7   475.6   537.4   475.6  
Gross sales (C$ billions)(2) 21.5   24.7   28.2   23.3   21.9   74.4   67.8  
Net sales (C$ billions)(2) (11.8)   (2.2)   (0.2)   (2.2)   (2.2)   (14.2)   3.4  
(US$ millions)              
Operating net income(1) 133   141   135   137   154   409   420  
  Fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards 21   (9)   (16)     (28)   (4)   (114)  
Reported net income 154   132   119   137   126   405   306  
Pre-tax operating profit margin ratio(2) 40%   40%   40%   39%   43%   40%   42%  
Average net assets (US$ billions)(2) 429.5   450.3   436.4   427.3   434.7   438.7   425.0  
Assets under management (US$ billions)(2)(3) 403.7   440.5   441.4   431.0   424.8   403.7   424.8  
Gross sales (US$ billions)(2) 16.5   20.1   22.8   20.5   20.1   59.4   62.0  
Net sales (US$ billions)(2) (9.0)   (1.8)   (0.2)   (1.9)   (2.0)   (11.0)   3.1  
Asset appreciation (depreciation) (US$ billions) (27.8)   0.9   10.6   8.1   (11.8)   (16.3)   8.9  
S&P 500 Index (daily average) 2,027   2,102   2,064   2,012   1,977   2,064   1,897  
MSCI EAFE Index (daily average) 1,785   1,906   1,817   1,795   1,924   1,835   1,920  
               
SLIM (C$ millions)              
Operating net income(1) 3           3    
Reported net income 3           3    
Assets under management (C$ billions)(2)(4) 55.6   8.1         55.6    
Gross sales (C$ billions)(2)(4) 1.2   0.6         1.8    
Net sales (C$ billions)(2)(4) 0.6   0.4         1.0    

(1)   Represents a non-IFRS financial measure that excludes fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS. For SLF Asset Management, operating net income is generally expected to be equal to underlying net income. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(2)  Pre-tax operating profit margin ratio, AUM, average net assets, and sales are non-IFRS financial measures. See Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(3) Monthly Information on AUM is provided by MFS in its Corporate Fact Sheet, which can be found in the "About MFS" section of its website at www.mfs.com/CorpFact.
(4) Beginning in the third quarter of 2015, we are reporting SLIM's  AUM, gross sales and net sales in the SLF Asset Management segment as described under the heading How we report our results. In the second quarter of 2015, the AUM, gross sales and net sales were previously included in the Corporate segment.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014
SLF Asset Management's reported net income was C$204 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to C$137 million in the third quarter of 2014. SLF Asset Management had operating net income and underlying net income of C$176 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to C$168 million in the third quarter of 2014. Operating net income and underlying net income in SLF Asset Management excludes the impact of fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS, which is set out in the table above. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the third quarter of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014 increased operating net income by $29 million.

SLF Asset Management's net income increased in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014  primarily due to the favourable impact of currency, partially offset by the results of MFS.

In U.S. dollars, MFS's reported net income was US$154 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to US$126 million in the third quarter of 2014. MFS's operating net income was US$133 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to US$154 million in the third quarter of 2014. Operating net income in MFS excludes the impact of fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards, which is set out in the table above. MFS's operating net income in U.S. dollars decreased in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014, primarily due to compensation costs and continued investment in technological infrastructure, lower average net assets and tax benefits in the third quarter of 2014. MFS's pre-tax operating profit margin ratio was 40% in the third quarter of 2015, down from 43% in the third quarter of 2014.

SLIM's reported net income and operating net income was C$3 million in the third quarter of 2015. SLIM's net income in the third quarter of 2015 reflected the acquisition of Bentall Kennedy and Prime Advisors during the quarter.

SLF Asset Management's AUM was C$593.0 billion as at September 30, 2015, compared to C$500.7 billion as at December 31, 2014. The increase in SLF Asset Management's AUM was primarily due to the acquisitions in SLIM in the third quarter of 2015. MFS's AUM was US$403.7 billion as at September 30, 2015, compared to US$431.0 billion as at December 31, 2014. The decrease of US$27.3 billion was primarily driven by gross sales of US$59.4 billion, more than offset by redemptions of US$70.4 billion and asset depreciation of US$16.3 billion. Market volatility during the third quarter of 2015 contributed to a decrease in gross sales across our retail and institutional product lines. In addition, some large institutional clients rebalanced their investments leading to redemptions that were larger than usual. These factors were the major drivers to our net outflows this quarter. 74%, 86%, and 97% of MFS's retail fund assets ranked in the top half of their Lipper categories based on three-, five-, and ten-year performance, respectively at September 30, 2015. SLIM's AUM was C$55.6 billion as at September 30, 2015.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 (year-to-date)
SLF Asset Management's reported net income was C$514 million in the first nine months of 2015, compared to C$334 million in the first nine months of 2014. SLF Asset Management had operating net income and underlying net income of C$517 million in the first nine months of 2015, compared to C$460 million in the first nine months of 2014. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the first nine months of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the first nine months of 2014 increased operating net income by $67 million.

MFS's reported net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was US$405 million, compared to US$306 million for the same period last year. MFS's operating net income was US$409 million for the first nine months of 2015, compared to US$420 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. MFS's operating net income in U.S. dollars for the first nine months of 2015 decreased compared to the same period last year, primarily due to compensation costs and continued investment in technological infrastructure, partially offset by higher average net assets.

SLIM's reported net income and operating net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was C$3 million.

SLF Asia
SLF Asia operates through subsidiaries in the Philippines, Hong Kong, and Indonesia, as well as through joint ventures with local partners in the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, China, and India. We offer individual life insurance products in all seven markets, and group benefits and/or pension and retirement products in the Philippines, China, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, and Vietnam. We have also established asset management companies either directly or through joint ventures in the Philippines, China, and India. We distribute these protection and wealth products to middle- and upper-income individuals, groups, and affinity clients through multiple distribution channels.


  Quarterly results Year-to-date
($ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   2015   2014  
Underlying net income (loss)(1) 67   71   62   50   48   200   124  
  Market related impacts (17)   19   10   (8)   3   12   (4)  
  Assumption changes and management actions 27   3   (4)   20     26    
Operating net income (loss)(1) 77   93   68   62   51   238   120  
Reported net income (loss) 77   93   68   62   51   238   120  
Underlying ROE (%)(1) 7.8   8.4   7.7   6.8   7.1   8.0   6.4  
Operating ROE (%)(1) 9.1   11.0   8.6   8.4   7.5   9.6   6.2  

(1)   Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014
SLF Asia's reported net income and operating net income was $77 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to reported net income and operating net income of $51 million in the third quarter of 2014. There were no operating net income adjustments in SLF Asia in 2015 or 2014. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the third quarter of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014 increased operating net income by $10 million.

Underlying net income was $67 million, compared to $48 million in the third quarter of 2014. Underlying net income excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The unfavourable effect of market related impacts in the third quarter of 2015 was primarily driven by equity markets and interest rates, compared to the favourable effect in the third quarter of 2014 primarily driven by equity markets.

Net income in the third quarter of 2015 also reflected business growth relative to the third quarter of 2014.

Total individual insurance sales of $114 million increased 8% compared to the third quarter of 2014. Excluding currency impact, individual insurance sales decreased by 5%. Sales increases in the Philippines, Vietnam and Malaysia of 17%, 142% and 23%, respectively, in local currency, were driven by growth in the agency distribution in the Philippines and Vietnam and bancassurance distribution in Malaysia. These increases were more than offset by decreases in Hong Kong, Indonesia, India and China. Wealth sales grew compared to the third quarter of 2014, with strong mutual fund sales in India and higher Mandatory Provident Fund sales in Hong Kong.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 (year-to-date)
Reported net income and operating net income was $238 million for the first nine months of 2015, compared to reported net income and operating net income of $120 million for the same period last year. There were no operating net income adjustments in SLF Asia in 2015 or 2014. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the first nine months of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the first nine months of 2014 increased operating net income by $28 million.

Underlying net income for the first nine months of 2015 was $200 million, compared to $124 million in the same period last year. Underlying net income excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The favourable impact of market related effect in the first nine months of 2015 was primarily driven by equity markets and interest rates, compared to the unfavourable effect in the first nine months of 2014 primarily driven by interest rates and partially offset by equity markets.

Net income for the first nine months of 2015 also reflected favourable impacts from business growth and net gains on AFS securities relative to the first nine months of 2014. Net income for the first nine months of 2014 reflected net losses on AFS securities driven by an impairment in Hong Kong.

Total individual life sales of $341 million in the first nine months of 2015 increased by 18% compared to the first nine months of 2014, or an increase of 6% excluding currency impact. Sales increased across the region except in China, India and Hong Kong. Sales in the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia increased 37%, 111%, 25% and 4%, respectively, measured in local currency. Wealth sales increased compared to the first nine months of 2014 driven by China, India and Hong Kong.

Corporate
Corporate includes the results of SLF U.K. and Corporate Support. Corporate Support includes our Run-off reinsurance business as well as investment income, expenses, capital, and other items that have not been allocated to our other business segments. SLF U.K. has a run-off block of business which has been closed to new business and focuses on supporting existing customers.

  Quarterly results Year-to-date
($ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   2015   2014  
Underlying net income (loss)(1) 14   16   4   (40)   16   34   (23)  
  Market related impacts 9   (21)   28   23   (18)   16   (17)  
  Assumption changes and management actions 1   5   8   19   15   14   22  
Operating net income (loss)(1) 24     40   2   13   64   (18)  
  Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs(2) (14)       (4)   (3)   (14)   (22)  
Reported net income (loss) 10     40   (2)   10   50   (40)  
Operating net income (loss) by business unit(1)              
  SLF U.K.(1) 70   37   71   65   44   178   109  
  Corporate Support(1) (46)   (37)   (31)   (63)   (31)   (114)   (127)  
Total operating net income (loss)(1) 24     40   2   13   64   (18)  

(1)  Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(2) In 2015, acquisition and integration costs primarily related to our acquisitions and integrations of Bentall Kennedy, Prime Advisors and Ryan Labs and our proposed acquisition of Assurant, Inc.'s U.S. Employee Benefits business. In 2014, restructuring costs consisted of transition costs related to the sale of our U.S. Annuity Business.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014
Corporate had a reported net income of $10 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to a reported net income of $10 million in the third quarter of 2014. Operating net income was $24 million for the third quarter of 2015, compared to an operating net income of $13 million in the same period last year. Operating net income (loss) excludes acquisition, integration and restructuring costs, which are set out in the table above. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the third quarter of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014 increased operating net income by $8 million.

Underlying net income was $14 million, compared to underlying net income of $16 million in the third quarter of 2014. Underlying net income excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The favourable effect of market related impacts in the third quarter of 2015 was primarily driven by interest rates and equity markets, compared to the unfavourable effect in the third quarter of 2014 primarily driven by interest rates.

SLF U.K.'s operating net income was $70 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $44 million in the third quarter of 2014. SLF U.K.'s net income in the third quarter of 2015 reflected the favourable effect of interest rates and equity markets, policyholder behaviour, and investment activity on insurance contract liabilities, partially offset by assumption changes and management actions. Net income in the third quarter of 2014 reflected the unfavourable impact of interest rates, partially offset by positive mortality experience and a non-recurring tax-related benefit.

Corporate Support had an operating net loss of $46 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to an operating net loss of $31 million in the third quarter of 2014. The increase in loss was largely as a result of foreign exchange losses in the third quarter of 2015.

Q3 2015 vs. Q3 2014 (year-to-date)
The reported net income was $50 million in the Corporate segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to a reported net loss of $40 million in the same period one year ago. Operating net income was $64 million for the first nine months of 2015, compared to an operating net loss of $18 million in the same period last year. Operating net income (loss) excludes acquisition, integration and restructuring costs, which are set out in the table above. The weakening of the Canadian dollar in the first nine months of 2015 relative to average exchange rates in the first nine months of 2014 increased operating net income by $11 million.

Underlying net income was $34 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to an underlying net loss of $23 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Underlying net income excludes from operating net income market related impacts and assumption changes and management actions, which are set out in the table above. The favourable effect of market related impacts in the first nine months of 2015 was primarily driven by interest rates partially offset by equity markets, compared to the unfavourable effect in the first nine months of 2014 primarily driven by interest rates and equity markets.

SLF U.K.'s operating net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was $178 million, compared to $109 million for the first nine months ended September 30, 2014. Net income in the first nine months of 2015 reflected the favourable effect of interest rates, policyholder behaviour and mortality experience, and assumption changes and management actions, partially offset by equity markets. Net income in the first nine months of 2014 reflected positive impacts from assumption changes and management actions, partially offset by the unfavourable impact of interest rates and equity markets.

In Corporate Support, the operating net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was $114 million, compared to an operating loss of $127 million for the same period one year ago. The decrease in loss was due to lower preferred share dividends and tax benefits, partially offset by higher level of project expenses.

Additional Financial Disclosure

Revenue

  Quarterly results Year-to-date
($ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   2015   2014  
Premiums              
  Gross 3,835   4,103   3,723   4,023   4,080   11,661   11,476  
  Ceded (1,721)   (1,580)   (1,516)   (1,322)   (1,385)   (4,817)   (4,181)  
Net premium revenue 2,114   2,523   2,207   2,701   2,695   6,844   7,295  
Net investment income              
  Interest and other investment income 1,362   1,320   1,279   1,258   1,265   3,961   3,683  
  Fair value and foreign currency changes on assets and liabilities (168)   (3,500)   2,495   2,196   495   (1,173)   3,976  
  Net gains (losses) on available-for-sale assets 47   46   96   49   48   189   153  
Fee income 1,338   1,293   1,255   1,171   1,111   3,886   3,282  
Total revenue 4,693   1,682   7,332   7,375   5,614   13,707   18,389  
Adjusted revenue(1) 5,573   6,011   5,685   6,229   6,249   17,297   17,824  

(1) Represents a non-IFRS financial measure that excludes from revenue the impact of Constant Currency Adjustment, FV Adjustment, and Reinsurance in SLF Canada's GB Operations Adjustment as described in Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.

Revenue in the third quarter of 2015 was $4.7 billion, compared to $5.6 billion in the third quarter of 2014. The decrease is mainly attributable to net losses from changes in fair value of fair value through profit or loss ("FVTPL") assets and liabilities and lower net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support, partially offset by favourable currency impact from the weakening Canadian dollar and higher fee income in SLF Canada, SLF Asset Management and SLF Asia. The weakening of the Canadian dollar relative to average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014 increased revenue by $532 million. Adjusted revenue was $5.6 billion in the third quarter of 2015, $0.6 billion lower compared to the third quarter of 2014. The decrease was primarily driven by lower net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support, partially offset by higher fee income in SLF Canada, SLF Asset Management and SLF Asia.

Revenue was $13.7 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, down $4.7 billion from the comparable period last year. The decrease was mainly attributable to net losses in changes in fair value of FVTPL assets and liabilities and lower net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support, partially offset by favourable currency impact from the weakening Canadian dollar and higher fee income from SLF Asset Management, SLF Canada and SLF Asia. Adjusted revenue of $17.3 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was $0.5 billion lower compared to the same period last year, primarily due to lower net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support, partially offset by higher fee income in SLF Asset Management, SLF Canada and SLF Asia.

Premiums and Deposits

  Quarterly results Year-to-date
($ millions)     Q3'15     Q2'15     Q1'15     Q4'14     Q3'14     2015     2014  
Net premium revenue     2,114     2,523     2,207     2,701     2,695     6,844     7,295  
Segregated fund deposits     2,626     4,487     2,411     2,155     1,907     9,524     7,094  
Mutual fund sales(1)     16,902     19,927     22,124     17,071     14,714     58,953     49,548  
Managed fund sales(1)     7,507     7,002     8,243     7,988     8,170     22,752     21,880  
ASO premium and deposit equivalents(1)     1,758     1,781     1,769     1,855     1,638     5,308     4,893  
Total premiums and deposits(1)     30,907     35,720     36,754     31,770     29,124     103,381     90,710  
Total adjusted premiums and deposits(1)(2)     27,938     33,663     34,099     31,842     30,254     95,854     94,121  

(1) Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(2)  Represents a non-IFRS financial measure that excludes from premiums and deposits the impact of Constant Currency Adjustment and Reinsurance in SLF Canada's GB Operations Adjustment as described in Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures and Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.

Premiums and deposits were $30.9 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $29.1 billion in the third quarter of 2014, primarily due to favourable currency impact, higher segregated fund deposits in SLF Canada, partially offset by lower fund sales in SLF Asset Management and decreased net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support. The weakening of the Canadian dollar relative to average exchange rates in the third quarter of 2014 increased total premiums and deposits by approximately $4.1 billion. Adjusted premiums and deposits of $27.9 billion in the third quarter of 2015 decreased $2.4 billion from the third quarter of 2014. The decrease was mainly the result of lower fund sales in SLF Asset Management and decreased net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support, partially offset by higher fund sales in SLF Asia.

Premiums and deposits were $103.4 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $90.7 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The increase was primarily attributable to favourable currency impact from the weakening of the Canadian dollar, higher segregated fund deposits and ASO premium and deposit equivalents in SLF Canada, increased fund sales in SLF Asia, partially offset by lower fund sales in SLF Asset Management, lower net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support. Adjusted premiums and deposits of $95.9 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 increased by $1.8 billion over the same period last year. The increase was mainly due to higher segregated fund deposits and ASO premium and deposit equivalents in SLF Canada, increased fund sales in SLF Asia, partially offset by lower fund sales in SLF Asset Management, lower net premium revenue in SLF Canada, SLF U.S. and Corporate Support.

Net premium revenue, which reflects gross premiums less amounts ceded to reinsurers, was $2.1 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $2.7 billion in the third quarter of 2014. Net premium revenue was $6.8 billion in the first nine months in 2015, compared to $7.3 billion in the same period last year. In both cases, the decrease was mainly attributable to decreased defined benefit solution sales in GRS in SLF Canada, lower sales in International in SLF U.S. and the impact of a reinsurance agreement in Run-off Reinsurance we entered into during the quarter, partially offset by favourable currency impact and higher net premium revenue in SLF Asia.

Segregated fund deposits were $2.6 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $1.9 billion in the third quarter of 2014. Segregated fund deposits were $9.5 billion in the first nine months in 2015, compared to $7.1 billion in the same period last year. In both cases, the increase was largely attributable to increases in GRS in SLF Canada.

Sales of mutual funds was $16.9 billion in the third quarter of 2015, up $2.2 billion compared to the third quarter of 2014. Sales of mutual funds was $59.0 billion in the first nine months in 2015, compared to $49.5 billion in the same period last year. In both cases, the increase was driven by favourable currency impact and higher sales in India and SLF Canada. Sales of managed funds was $7.5 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $8.2 billion in the third quarter of 2014. The decrease was largely due to lower sales in MFS in SLF Asset Management, partially offset by favourable currency impact from the weakening of the Canadian dollar and SLF Asset Management sales from SLIM, including the 2015 acquisitions and SLIM Inc. Sales of managed funds was $22.8 billion in the first nine months in 2015, compared to $21.9 billion in the same period last year. The increase was primarily driven by favourable currency impact from the weakening Canadian dollar and higher sales in SLF Asset Management from SLIM partially offset by lower sales in MFS.

ASO premium and deposit equivalents were $1.8 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $1.6 billion in the third quarter of 2014. ASO premium and deposit equivalents for the nine months of 2015 were up $0.4 billion compared to the same period last year. In both cases, the increase was driven by increases in SLF Canada.

Sales
In SLF Canada, life and health sales consist of sales of individual insurance and group benefits products; wealth sales consist of sales of individual wealth products and sales in GRS. In SLF U.S., life and health sales consist of sales by Group Benefits and individual life sales by International; wealth sales consist of investment product sales in International. In SLF Asia, life and health sales consist of the individual and group life and health sales from wholly owned subsidiaries and joint ventures based on our proportionate equity interest in the Philippines, Hong Kong, Indonesia, India, China, Malaysia, and Vietnam; wealth sales consist of Hong Kong wealth sales, Philippines mutual fund sales, wealth sales from the India and China insurance companies, and Birla Sun Life Asset Management Company's equity and fixed income mutual fund sales based on our proportionate equity interest. SLF Asset Management sales consist of gross sales (inflows) for retail and institutional clients.

($ millions)   Q3'15   Q3'14
Life and health sales(1)        
    SLF Canada   237   156
    SLF U.S.   169   155
    SLF Asia   124   111
Total life and health sales   530   422
Wealth sales(1)        
    SLF Canada(2)   3,421   2,375
    SLF U.S.   119   294
    SLF Asia   1,571   1,146
Total wealth sales excluding SLF Asset Management   5,111   3,815
  SLF Asset Management sales(1)   22,748   21,873
Total wealth sales   27,859   25,688

(1)   Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
(2) In the third quarter of 2014, SLF Canada wealth sales included sales from SLIM Inc. of $25 million.

Total Company life and health sales were $530 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $422 million in the same period last year.

  • SLF Canada life and health sales were $237 million in the third quarter of 2015, up $81 million compared to the third quarter of 2014 due to higher sales in Individual insurance business and GB
  • SLF U.S. life and health sales were $169 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $155 million in the third quarter of 2014, primarily driven by favourable currency impact and higher sales in Group Benefits, partially offset by lower sales in individual insurance in International
  • SLF Asia life and health sales were $124 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $111 million in the third quarter of 2014, driven by growth in the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and a favourable currency impact of $15 million

Total Company wealth sales were $27.9 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $25.7 billion in the third quarter of 2014.

  • SLF Canada wealth sales were $3.4 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $2.4 billion in the third quarter of 2014, mainly attributable to higher sales in individual wealth business and GRS
  • SLF U.S. wealth sales were $119 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $294 million in the third quarter of 2014, due to lower investment product sales in International, partially offset by favourable currency impact
  • SLF Asia wealth sales were $1.6 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $1.1 billion in the third quarter of 2014, primarily driven by higher fund sales in India and favourable currency impact, partially offset by lower fund sales in China and the Philippines
  • SLF Asset Management gross sales were $22.7 billion in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $21.9 billion in the third quarter of 2014, largely reflecting favourable currency impact and the addition of Ryan Labs, Prime Advisors and Bentall Kennedy, partially offset by lower fund sales from MFS

Assets Under Management
AUM consist of general funds, segregated funds, and other AUM. Other AUM includes mutual funds and managed funds, which include institutional and other third-party assets managed by the Company.

AUM were $846.2 billion as at September 30, 2015, compared to AUM of $734.4 billion as at December 31, 2014. The increase in AUM of $111.8 billion between December 31, 2014 and September 30, 2015 resulted primarily from:

(i)      an increase of $84.6 billion from the weakening of the Canadian dollar against foreign currencies compared to the prior period exchange rates;
(ii)      $52.3 billion increase from the acquisition of Ryan Labs, Prime Advisors and Bentall Kennedy; and
(iii)      other business growth of $5.9 billion; partially offset by
(iv)      unfavourable market movements on the value of mutual funds, managed funds, and segregated funds of $22.2 billion;
(v)      net outflow of mutual, managed, and segregated funds of $7.8 billion; and
(vi)      a decrease of $1.2 billion from the change in value of FVTPL assets and liabilities.

Changes in the Statements of Financial Position and in Shareholders' Equity
Total general fund assets were $151.7 billion as at September 30, 2015, compared to $139.4 billion as at December 31, 2014. The increase in general fund assets from December 31, 2014 was primarily a result of $8.1 billion from the weakening of the Canadian dollar relative to foreign currencies and business growth of $5.3 billion, partially offset by a $1.2 billion decrease from the change in value of FVTPL assets and liabilities.

Insurance contract liabilities (excluding other policy liabilities and assets) of $101.4 billion as at September 30, 2015 increased by $6.2 billion compared to December 31, 2014, mainly due to currency movements, and balances arising from new policies, partially offset by changes in balances on in-force policies (which includes fair value changes on FVTPL assets supporting insurance contract liabilities).

Shareholders' equity, including preferred share capital, was $20.6 billion as at September 30, 2015, compared to $18.7 billion as at December 31, 2014. The increase in shareholders' equity was primarily due to:

(i)      shareholders' net income of $1,725 million in 2015, before preferred share dividends of $76 million;
(ii)      an increase of $1,203 million from the weakening of the Canadian dollar relative to foreign currencies;
(iii)      proceeds of $65 million from the issuance of common shares through the Canadian dividend reinvestment and share purchase plan, $34 million issued as consideration for business acquisition, $28 million from stock options exercised and $3 million from stock-based compensation;
(iv)      changes in liabilities for defined benefit plans of $33 million; and partially offset by
(v)      common share dividend payments of $685 million;
(vi)      common share repurchases of $212 million; and
(vii)      net unrealized losses on AFS assets in OCI of $239 million.

As at October 23, 2015, Sun Life Financial Inc. had 611.2 million common shares and 92.2 million preferred shares outstanding.

Cash Flows

    Quarterly results
($ millions)   Q3'15     Q3'14  
Net cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   4,206     2,891  
Cash flows provided by (used in):        
  Operating activities   1,265     958  
  Investing activities   (615)     (39)  
  Financing activities   242     (279)  
Changes due to fluctuations in exchange rates   185     74  
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   1,077     714  
Net cash and cash equivalents, end of period   5,283     3,605  
Short-term securities, end of period   2,629     2,561  
Net cash, cash equivalents and short-term securities, end of period   7,912     6,166  

Net cash, cash equivalents and short-term securities were $7.9 billion at the end of the third quarter of 2015, compared to $6.2 billion at the end of the third quarter of 2014.

The operating activities of the Company generate cash flows which include net premium revenue, net investment income, fee income, and the sale of investments. They are the principal source of funds to pay for policyholder claims and benefits, commissions, operating expenses, and the purchase of investments. Cash flows used in investing activities primarily include transactions related to associates, joint ventures and acquisitions. Cash flows used in financing activities largely reflect capital transactions including dividends, the issuance and repurchase of shares, as well as the issuance and retirement of debt instruments and preferred shares.

The higher cash flow used in investing activities in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the third quarter of 2014 was primarily due to the acquisitions closed in the third quarter of 2015. The higher cash flow provided by financing activities in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the third quarter of 2014 was largely due to the issuance of subordinated debentures.

Income Taxes
In the third quarter of 2015, our effective tax rates on reported net income and operating net income were 13.0% and 12.8%, respectively. In the first nine months of 2015, our effective tax rates on reported net income and operating net income were 19.4% and 19.8%, respectively. The provincial corporate tax rate increased in Alberta, Canada effective the second quarter of 2015, and as a result, our statutory tax rate increased from 26.5% to 26.75% for 2015 and future years. Normally, our effective tax rate is reduced below the statutory rate of 26.75%, mainly due to tax exempt investment income that is generally expected to decrease the effective tax rate to a range of 18% to 22%.

Our effective tax rate in the third quarter of 2015 was below the expected range of 18% to 22% mainly as a result of higher earnings in lower-tax jurisdictions and adjustments primarily related to prior years in Canada and the U.S.

The effective tax rate calculated on an operating basis excludes amounts attributable to participating policyholders and non-operating items.

Quarterly Financial Results
The following table provides a summary of our results for the eight most recently completed quarters. A more complete discussion of our historical quarterly results can be found in our interim and annual MD&As for the relevant periods.

  Quarterly results
($ millions, unless otherwise noted) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14   Q2'14   Q1'14   Q4'13  
                 
Net income (loss)                
  Operating(1) 478   731   446   511   467   488   454   642  
  Reported 482   726   441   502   435   425   400   571  
  Underlying(1) 528   615   516   360   517   499   440   375  
Diluted EPS ($)                
  Operating(1) 0.78   1.19   0.73   0.83   0.76   0.80   0.74   1.05  
  Reported 0.79   1.18   0.72   0.81   0.71   0.69   0.65   0.93  
  Underlying(1) 0.86   1.00   0.84   0.59   0.84   0.81   0.72   0.61  
Basic Reported EPS ($)                
  Reported 0.79   1.19   0.72   0.82   0.71   0.70   0.66   0.94  
Operating net income (loss) by segment(1)                
  SLF Canada(1) 137   331   135   123   239   197   238   137  
  SLF U.S.(1) 64   134   35   168   (4)   100   77   341  
  SLF Asset Management(1) 176   173   168   156   168   145   147   156  
  SLF Asia(1) 77   93   68   62   51   37   32   42  
  Corporate(1) 24     40   2   13   9   (40)   (34)  
Total operating net income (loss)(1) 478   731   446   511   467   488   454   642  

(1)   Represents a non-IFRS financial measure. See Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.

Second Quarter 2015
Operating net income of $731 million in the second quarter of 2015 reflected positive interest rate impact, investment activity on insurance contract liabilities, mortality, positive credit, morbidity experience, and business growth. These items were partially offset by unfavourable expense experience including investment in growing our businesses.

First Quarter 2015
Operating net income of $446 million in the first quarter of 2015 reflected gains from investment activity on insurance contract liabilities and positive mortality experience, offset by unfavourable impacts from assumption changes and management actions, net interest rate changes, lapse and other policyholder behaviour, and expense experience.

Fourth Quarter 2014
Operating net income of $511 million in the fourth quarter of 2014 reflected favourable impact from assumption changes and management actions and gains from investing activity on insurance contract liabilities. These items were partially offset by unfavourable impacts from interest rate changes, mortality and morbidity, lapse and other policyholder behaviour, and expense experience, which mainly consists of compensation-related and other seasonal costs.

Third Quarter 2014
Operating net income of $467 million in the third quarter of 2014 reflected favourable impact from gains from investing activity on insurance contract liabilities, positive credit experience, tax benefits and business growth. These items were partially offset by unfavourable impacts from interest rate changes, mortality and morbidity and expense experience.

Second Quarter 2014
Operating net income of $488 million in the second quarter of 2014 reflected favourable impact from equity markets, gains from investment activity on insurance contract liabilities, positive credit experience and business growth, offset by unfavourable impacts from net interest rates, morbidity experience, and expense experience.

First Quarter 2014
Operating net income of $454 million in the first quarter of 2014 reflected favourable impact from equity markets, gains from investment activity on insurance contract liabilities and positive credit experience, offset by unfavourable impacts from net interest rates, mortality and morbidity experience, lapse and other policyholder behaviour and expense experience.

Fourth Quarter 2013
Operating net income of $642 million in the fourth quarter of 2013 reflected $290 million of income from a management action related to the restructuring of an internal reinsurance arrangement. Net income also reflected favourable impacts from equity markets, interest rates and swap spread movements, and positive fair value movements of real estate. These were partially offset by unfavourable basis risk and credit spread movements. Investment activity on insurance contract liabilities and credit experience were more than offset by unfavourable experience from expenses, comprised mostly of seasonal costs, lapse and other policyholder behaviour, and mortality and morbidity.

Investments
We had total general fund invested assets of $134.5 billion as at September 30, 2015, compared to $125.2 billion as at December 31, 2014. The increase in general fund invested assets of $9.3 billion was primarily due to favourable foreign currency movements and turnover partially offset by a decrease from changes in fair value. Our general fund is primarily invested in fixed income instruments, including debt securities and mortgages and loans, with 85.2% of the general fund invested assets invested in cash and fixed income investments. Equity securities and investment properties represented 3.9% and 4.8% of the portfolio, respectively, and the remaining 6.1% of the portfolio consisted of policy loans, derivative assets, and other invested assets. Our general fund invested assets are well diversified across investment types, geographies, and sectors.

The following table sets out the composition of our invested assets.(1)

  September 30, 2015   December 31, 2014
($ millions) Carrying
value
  % of total
carrying value
    Carrying
value
  % of total
carrying value
 
Cash, cash equivalents and short-term securities 8,052   6.0 %     6,818   5.4 %  
Debt securities - FVTPL 55,201   41.0 %     53,127   42.4 %  
Debt securities - AFS 13,185   9.8 %     13,087   10.5 %  
Equity securities - FVTPL 4,376   3.3 %     4,357   3.5 %  
Equity securities - AFS 856   0.6 %     866   0.7 %  
Mortgages and loans 38,274   28.4 %     33,679   26.9 %  
Derivative assets 2,238   1.7 %     1,839   1.5 %  
Other invested assets 2,764   2.1 %     2,375   1.9 %  
Policy loans 3,087   2.3 %     2,895   2.3 %  
Investment properties 6,505   4.8 %     6,108   4.9 %  
Total invested assets 134,538   100 %     125,151   100 %  

(1)   The invested asset values and ratios presented are based on the carrying value of the respective asset categories. The carrying values for FVTPL and AFS invested assets are generally equal to their fair values. For invested assets supporting insurance contracts, in the event of default, if the amounts recovered are insufficient to satisfy the related insurance contract liability cash flows that the assets are intended to support, credit exposure may be greater than the carrying value of the assets.

Energy Sector Exposure
As at September 30, 2015, our exposure to the energy sector for debt securities and corporate loans was $5.8 billion, of which 92.6% was rated investment grade. Approximately 45% of our energy sector exposure was invested in pipeline, storage, and transportation entities, approximately 15% was invested in integrated oil and gas entities, and the remaining exposure was invested in companies involved in exploration and production, refining, and drilling and servicing, which included approximately 6% in drilling and oil field services. Our mortgage and real estate portfolio includes office, industrial, retail, and multi-family buildings occupied by tenants in diversified industries. Our most significant property exposure to the oil and gas sector was located in Alberta, which represented less than 20% of the Canadian mortgage portfolio and less than 30% of the Canadian real estate portfolio. There was no significant change in exposure to energy sector tenants and there were no material indications of stress in our Alberta portfolio during the period. However, as the period of weak energy prices continues, market fundamentals within the province are deteriorating, with rising vacancy levels and lower rental rates, particularly in the office sector. We continue to closely monitor the impact of these market changes in the energy sector on the real estate and mortgage portfolios.

Debt Securities
Our debt securities portfolio is actively managed through a regular program of purchases and sales aimed at optimizing yield, quality, and liquidity, while ensuring that it remains well diversified and duration-matched to insurance contract liabilities. As at September 30, 2015, we held $68.4 billion of debt securities, representing 50.8% of our total invested assets compared to $66.2 billion representing 52.9% as at December 31, 2014. Debt securities with a credit rating of "A" or higher represented 67.0% of the total debt securities as at September 30, 2015, compared to 67.9% as at December 31, 2014. Debt securities with a credit rating of "BBB" or higher represented 96.8% of total debt securities as at September 30, 2015, compared to 97.3% as at December 31, 2014.

Corporate debt securities not issued or guaranteed by sovereign, regional, and municipal governments  represented 67.4% of our total debt securities as at September 30, 2015, compared to 66.7% as at December 31, 2014. Total government issued or guaranteed debt securities as at September 30, 2015 were $22.3 billion, compared to $22.1 billion as at December 31, 2014. With the exception of certain countries where we have business operations, including Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom and the Philippines, our exposure to debt securities from any single country did not exceed 1% of total invested assets on our Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as at September 30, 2015.

The carrying value of debt securities of governments and financial institutions by geographic location is presented in the following table.

Debt Securities of Governments and Financial Institutions by Geography

  September 30, 2015   December 31, 2014
($ millions) Government issued
or guaranteed
  Financials     Government issued
or guaranteed
  Financials  
Canada 14,088   1,860     14,650   2,391  
United States 1,558   6,079     1,590   5,992  
United Kingdom 2,616   2,047     2,484   1,992  
Philippines 2,781   41     2,575   17  
Eurozone(1) 238   838     171   762  
Other 1,040   1,496     611   1,390  
Total 22,321   12,361     22,081   12,544  

(1)   We had an immaterial amount of direct exposure to Eurozone sovereign credits as at September 30, 2015. Our investments in Eurozone countries primarily included Germany, Netherlands, Spain, France, and Belgium. We did not have any direct exposure to Greece. Of our exposure to Eurozone countries, 99.4% was rated investment grade and 78.6% had a credit rating of "A" or higher.

Our gross unrealized losses as at September 30, 2015 for FVTPL and AFS debt securities were $0.79 billion and $0.17 billion, respectively, compared with $0.22 billion and $0.04 billion, respectively, as at December 31, 2014.

Our debt securities as at September 30, 2015 included $12.4 billion invested in the financial sector, representing approximately 18.1% of our total debt securities, or 9.2% of our total invested assets. This compares to $12.5 billion, representing 18.9% of the debt security portfolio, or 10.0% of our total invested assets as at December 31, 2014.

Our debt securities as at September 30, 2015 included $4.7 billion of asset-backed securities reported at fair value, representing 6.9% of our total debt securities, or 3.5% of our total invested assets. This compares to $4.4 billion representing 6.7% of total debt securities or 3.6% of our total invested assets as at December 31, 2014.

Mortgages and Loans
Mortgages and loans disclosures in this section are presented at their carrying value on our Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. As at September 30, 2015, we had $38.3 billion in mortgages and loans, representing 28.4% of our total invested assets, compared to $33.7 billion representing 26.9% as at December 31, 2014. Our mortgage portfolio consisted almost entirely of first mortgages, and our corporate loan portfolio consisted of private placement assets.

The carrying value of mortgages and loans by geographic location is presented in the following table.(1)

Mortgages and Loans by Geography

  September 30, 2015 December 31, 2014
($ millions) Mortgages   Loans   Total     Mortgages   Loans   Total    
Canada 8,037   13,155   21,192     7,847   12,308   20,155    
United States 6,614   6,925   13,539     5,563   5,196   10,759    
United Kingdom   869   869     1   776   777    
Other   2,674   2,674       1,988   1,988    
Total 14,651   23,623   38,274     13,411   20,268   33,679    

(1)   The geographic location for mortgages is based on the location of the property and for loans it is based on the country of the creditor's parent.

As at September 30, 2015, we held $14.7 billion of mortgages, compared to $13.4 billion as at December 31, 2014. Our mortgage portfolio consisted mainly of commercial mortgages, spread across approximately 2,300 loans. Commercial mortgages include retail, office, multi-family, industrial, and land properties. Our commercial portfolio had a weighted average loan-to-value ratio of approximately 55% and an estimated weighted average debt service coverage of 1.73 times. Of the loans in the Canadian commercial mortgage portfolio, 27.8% were insured by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.

As at September 30, 2015, we held $23.6 billion of corporate loans, compared to $20.3 billion as at December 31, 2014. In the current low interest rate environment, our strategy is to continue to focus our efforts on the origination of new private placement assets. Private placement assets provide diversification by type of loan, industry segment, and borrower credit quality. The loan portfolio consists of senior secured and unsecured loans to large and mid-market sized corporate borrowers, securitized lease/loan obligations secured by a variety of assets, and project finance loans in sectors such as power and infrastructure.

The carrying value and allowance for mortgages and loans past due or impaired is presented in the following table.

Mortgages and Loans Past Due or Impaired

  September 30, 2015  
  Gross carrying value Allowance for losses
($ millions) Mortgages   Loans   Total     Mortgages     Loans   Total    
Not past due 14,555   23,623   38,178              
Past due:                  
  Past due less than 90 days 3     3              
  Past due 90 to 179 days                  
  Past due 180 days or more                  
Impaired 132   5   137     39 (1)   5   44    
Total 14,690   23,628   38,318     39     5   44    
  December 31, 2014  
  Gross carrying value Allowance for losses
($ millions) Mortgages   Loans   Total     Mortgages     Loans   Total    
Not past due 13,316   20,248   33,564              
Past due:                  
  Past due less than 90 days 14     14              
  Past due 90 to 179 days                  
  Past due 180 days or more                  
Impaired 118   36   154     37 (1)   16   53    
Total 13,448   20,284   33,732     37     16   53    

(1) Includes $20 million of sectoral provisions as at September 30, 2015 and $18 million of sectoral provisions as at December 31, 2014.

Our impaired mortgages and loans, net of allowance for losses, amounted to $93 million as at September 30, 2015, compared to $101 million as at December 31, 2014.

Asset Default Provision
We make provisions for possible future credit events in the determination of our insurance contract liabilities. The amount of the provision for asset default included in insurance contract liabilities is based on possible reductions in future investment yields that vary by factors such as type of asset, asset credit quality (rating), duration, and country of origin. To the extent that an asset is written off, or disposed of, any amounts that were set aside in our insurance contract liabilities for possible future asset defaults in respect of that asset are released.

Our asset default provision reflects the provision relating to future credit events for fixed income assets currently held by the Company that support our insurance contract liabilities. Our asset default provision as at September 30, 2015 was $2,020 million compared to $1,916 million as at December 31, 2014. The increase of $104 million was primarily due to the weakening of the Canadian dollar and increases in the provision for assets purchased net of dispositions, partially offset by the release of provisions on fixed income assets supporting our insurance contract liabilities.

Derivative Financial Instruments
The values associated with our derivative instruments are presented in the following table. Notional amounts serve as the basis for payments calculated under derivatives contracts and are not exchanged.

Derivative Instruments

($ millions) September 30, 2015   December 31, 2014  
Net fair value (1,046)     236  
Total notional amount 57,605   48,211  
Credit equivalent amount 626   738  
Risk-weighted credit equivalent amount 6   7  

The total notional amount of our derivatives increased to $57.6 billion as at September 30, 2015, from $48.2 billion as at December 31, 2014. The increase in the total notional amount was primarily due to increases in interest rate contracts in light of volatile financial markets and updates to projected liability cash flows. As well, the notional amount of derivatives increased due to the conversion of foreign currency notional balances into Canadian dollars. The net fair value of derivatives was a net liability of $1,046 million as at September 30, 2015, compared to a net asset of $236 million as at December 31, 2014. The decrease in net fair value was due primarily to the impact of the weakening of the Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar on foreign exchange contracts partially offset by the effect of the decrease in interest rates on interest rate contracts.

Capital Management
Our total capital consists of subordinated debt and other capital, participating policyholders' equity, and total shareholders' equity which includes common shareholders' equity and preferred shareholders' equity. As at September 30, 2015, our total capital was $24.2 billion, up from $21.7 billion as at December 31, 2014. The increase in total capital was primarily the result of common shareholders' net income of $1,649 million and other comprehensive income of $1,005 million, partially offset by the $212 million of common share purchases under our normal course issuer bid and $620 million of common shareholders' dividends paid (net of the Canadian dividend reinvestment and share purchase plan).

The legal entity, SLF Inc. (the ultimate parent company), and its wholly owned holding companies had $1,747 million in cash and other liquid assets as at September 30, 2015 ($1,827 million as at December 31, 2014). The decrease in liquid assets in these holding companies in the first nine months of 2015 was primarily attributable to common share repurchases in the first half of 2015 and approximately $560 million in cash to acquire Bentall Kennedy paid in the third quarter of 2015, partially offset by the debt issuance of $500 million noted below. Liquid assets as noted above include cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and publicly traded securities, and exclude cash from short-term loans.

On June 30, 2015, 6.0 million Class A Non-Cumulative 5-Year Rate Reset Preferred Shares Series 8R ("Series 8R Shares") were converted into Class A Non-Cumulative Floating Rate Preferred Shares Series 9QR ("Series 9QR Shares") through a holder option, on a one-for-one basis. Effective June 30, 2015, 5.2 million Series 8R Shares and 6.0 million Series 9QR Shares were outstanding. For additional information, refer to Note 10 of our Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

On September 25, 2015, SLF Inc. issued $500 million principal amount of Series 2015-1 Subordinated Unsecured 2.60% Fixed/Floating Debentures due 2025. The net proceeds will be used to partially fund the acquisition of the U.S. Employee Benefit business of Assurant and may also be used for general corporate purposes.

On October 8, 2015, SLF Inc. announced its intention to redeem all of the outstanding $600 million principal amount of Series A Senior Unsecured 4.80% Fixed/Floating debentures due 2035 ("the Debentures") in accordance with the redemption terms attached to the Debentures. The Debentures are redeemable at SLF Inc.'s option on November 23, 2015. The redemption will have no impact on the Company's capital positions as these senior debentures are not accounted for as qualifying capital securities.

Sun Life Assurance's MCCSR ratio was 229% as at September 30, 2015, compared to 217% as at December 31, 2014. The increase to the MCCSR ratio over the period primarily resulted from earnings net of dividends to SLF Inc.

Normal Course Issuer Bid
On November 10, 2014, SLF Inc. launched a normal course issuer bid under which it is authorized to purchase up to 9 million common shares between November 10, 2014 and November 9, 2015. During the third quarter of 2015, SLF Inc. did not make any purchases under the normal course issuer bid. During the first nine months of 2015, SLF Inc. purchased and cancelled 5.3 million common shares at a total cost of $212 million.

Risk Management
We use an enterprise Risk Management Framework to assist in categorizing, monitoring, and managing the risks to which we are exposed. The major categories of risk are credit risk, market risk, insurance risk, operational risk, liquidity risk, and business risk. Operational risk is a broad category that includes legal and regulatory risks, people risks, and systems and processing risks.

Through our ongoing enterprise risk management procedures, we review the various risk factors identified in the Framework and report to senior management and to the Risk Review Committee of the Board at least quarterly. Our enterprise risk management procedures and risk factors are described in our annual MD&A and AIF.

When referring to segregated funds in this section, it is inclusive of segregated fund guarantees, variable annuities and investment products and includes Run-off reinsurance in our Corporate business segment.

Market Risk Sensitivities
Our earnings are affected by the determination of policyholder obligations under our annuity and insurance contracts. These amounts are determined using internal valuation models and are recorded in our Consolidated Financial Statements, primarily as Insurance contract liabilities. The determination of these obligations requires management to make assumptions about the future level of equity market performance, interest rates, credit and swap spreads, and other factors over the life of our products. Differences between our actual experience and our best estimate assumptions are reflected in our Consolidated Financial Statements.

The market value of our investments in fixed income and equity securities fluctuates based on movements in interest rates and equity markets. The market value of fixed income assets designated as AFS that are held primarily in our surplus segment increases (decreases) with declining (rising) interest rates. The market value of equities designated as AFS and held primarily in our surplus segment increases (decreases) with rising (declining) equity markets. Changes in the market value of AFS assets flow through OCI and are only recognized in net income when realized upon sale, or when considered impaired. The amount of realized gains (losses) recorded in net income in any period is equal to the unrealized gains (losses) or OCI position at the start of the period plus the change in market value during the current period up to the point of sale for those securities that were sold during the period. The sale or impairment of AFS assets held in surplus can therefore have the effect of modifying our net income sensitivity.

We realized $47 million (pre-tax) in net gains on the sale of AFS assets during the third quarter of 2015 ($48 million pre-tax in the third quarter of 2014). The net unrealized gains or OCI position on AFS fixed income and equity assets were $136 million and $173 million, respectively, after-tax as at September 30, 2015 ($340 million and $208 million, respectively, after-tax as at December 31, 2014).

The following table sets out the estimated immediate impact on or sensitivity of our net income, our OCI, and Sun Life Assurance's MCCSR ratio to certain instantaneous changes in interest rates and equity market prices as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

Interest Rate and Equity Market Sensitivities

                               
As at September 30, 2015(1)
($ millions, unless otherwise noted)
           
Interest rate sensitivity(2)(6) 100 basis point
decrease
    50 basis point
decrease
    50 basis point
increase
    100 basis point
increase
 
  Potential impact on net income(3)(6) $ (300)     $ (100)     $ 50     $ 100  
  Potential impact on OCI $ 500      $ 250     $ (250)     $ (500)  
  Potential impact on MCCSR(4) 10% points
decrease
    4% points
decrease
    5% points
increase
    8% points
increase
 
Equity markets sensitivity(5) 25% decrease     10% decrease     10% increase     25% increase  
  Potential impact on net income(3) $ (300)     $ (100)     $ 100     $ 250  
  Potential impact on OCI $ (150)     $ (50)     $ 50     $ 150  
  Potential impact on MCCSR(4) 4% points
decrease
    1% points
decrease
  1% points
increase
    4% points
increase
 
       
As at December 31, 2014(1)
($ millions, unless otherwise noted)
     
Interest rate sensitivity(2)(6) 100 basis point
decrease
    50 basis point
decrease
    50 basis point
increase
    100 basis point
increase
 
  Potential impact on net income(3)(6) $ (400)     $ (100)     $ 50     $ 100  
  Potential impact on OCI $ 500     $ 250     $ (250)     $ (500)  
  Potential impact on MCCSR(4) 12% points
decrease
    5% points
decrease
    4% points
increase
    8% points
increase
 
Equity markets sensitivity(5) 25% decrease     10% decrease     10% increase     25% increase  
  Potential impact on net income(3) $ (250)     $ (50)     $ 50     $ 150  
  Potential impact on OCI $ (150)     $ (50)     $ 50     $ 150  
  Potential impact on MCCSR(4) 5% points
decrease
    1% points
decrease
    1% points
increase
    1% points
increase
 
               

(1) Net income and OCI sensitivities have been rounded to the nearest $50 million. The sensitivities exclude the market impacts on the income from our joint ventures and associate investments, which we account for on an equity basis.
(2) Interest rate sensitivities assume a parallel shift in assumed interest rates across the entire yield curve as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. Variations in realized yields based on factors such as different terms to maturity and geographies may result in realized sensitivities being significantly different from those illustrated above. Sensitivities include the impact of re-balancing interest rate hedges for dynamic hedging programs at 10 basis point intervals (for 50 basis point changes in interest rates) and at 20 basis point intervals (for 100 basis point changes in interest rates).
(3) The market risk sensitivities include the estimated mitigation impact of our hedging programs in effect as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, and include new business added and product changes implemented prior to such dates.
(4) The MCCSR sensitivities illustrate the impact on Sun Life Assurance as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. This excludes the impact on assets and liabilities that are in SLF Inc. but not included in Sun Life Assurance. MCCSR sensitivities as at December 31, 2014 reflect the impact of IAS 19 Employee Benefits and its phase-in impact on available capital.
(5) Represents the respective change across all equity markets as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. Assumes that actual equity exposures consistently and precisely track the broader equity markets. Since in actual practice equity-related exposures generally differ from broad market indices (due to the impact of active management, basis risk, and other factors), realized sensitivities may differ significantly from those illustrated above. Sensitivities include the impact of re-balancing equity hedges for dynamic hedging programs at 2% intervals (for 10% changes in equity markets) and at 5% intervals (for 25% changes in equity markets).
(6) The majority of interest rate sensitivity, after hedging, is attributed to individual insurance products. We also have interest rate sensitivity, after hedging, from our fixed annuity and segregated funds products.

Our net income sensitivities to interest rates and equity markets have changed since December 31, 2014. This is primarily as a result of changes in measurement of sensitivities related to assumption changes and management actions.

Credit Spread and Swap Spread Sensitivities
We have estimated the immediate impact or sensitivity of our reported net income attributable to certain instantaneous changes in credit and swap spreads. The credit spread sensitivities reflect the impact of changes in credit spreads on our asset and liability valuations (including non-sovereign fixed income assets, provincial governments, corporate bonds, and other fixed income assets). The swap spread sensitivities reflect the impact of changes in swap spreads on swap-based derivative positions and liability valuations.

Credit Spread Sensitivities ($ millions, after-tax)

Net income sensitivity(1)(2) 50 basis point decrease   50 basis point increase  
September 30, 2015 (125)   100  
December 31, 2014 (100)   125  

(1) Sensitivities have been rounded to the nearest $25 million.
(2) In most instances, credit spreads are assumed to revert to long-term insurance contract liability assumptions generally over a five-year period.
   

Swap Spread Sensitivities ($ millions, after-tax)

Net income sensitivity(1) 20 basis point decrease   20 basis point increase  
September 30, 2015 25   (50)  
December 31, 2014 75   (75)

(1) Sensitivities have been rounded to the nearest $25 million.

The credit and swap spread sensitivities assume a parallel shift in the indicated spreads (i.e., equal shift across the entire spread term structure). Variations in realized spread changes based on different terms to maturity, geographies, asset class/derivative types, underlying interest rate movements, and ratings may result in realized sensitivities being significantly different from those provided above. The credit spread sensitivity estimates exclude any credit spread impact that may arise in connection with asset positions held in segregated funds. Spread sensitivities are provided for the consolidated entity and may not be proportional across all reporting segments. Refer to the section Additional Cautionary Language and Key Assumptions Related to Sensitivities for important additional information regarding these estimates.

General Account Insurance and Annuity Products
Most of our expected sensitivity to interest rate risk is derived from our general account insurance and annuity products. We have implemented market risk management strategies to mitigate a portion of the market risk related to our general account insurance and annuity products.

Individual insurance products include universal life and other long-term life and health insurance products. Major sources of market risk exposure for individual insurance products include the reinvestment risk related to future premiums on regular premium policies, asset reinvestment risk on both regular premium and single premium policies, and the guaranteed cost of insurance. Interest rate risk for individual insurance products is typically managed on a duration basis, within tolerance ranges set out in the applicable investment policy or guidelines. Targets and limits are established so that the level of residual exposure is commensurate with our risk appetite. Exposures are monitored frequently, and assets are re-balanced as necessary to maintain compliance within policy limits using a combination of assets and derivative instruments. A portion of the longer-term cash flows are backed with equities and real estate.

For participating insurance products and other insurance products with adjustability features, the investment strategy objective is to provide a total rate of return given a constant risk profile over the long term.

Fixed annuity products generally provide the policyholder with a guaranteed investment return or crediting rate. Interest rate risk for these products is typically managed on a duration basis, within tolerance ranges set out in the applicable investment guidelines. Targets and limits are established such that the level of residual exposure is commensurate with our risk appetite. Exposures are monitored frequently, and are re-balanced as necessary to maintain compliance within prescribed tolerances using a combination of fixed income assets and derivative instruments.

Certain insurance and annuity products contain minimum interest rate guarantees. Market risk management strategies are implemented to limit potential financial loss due to reductions in asset earned rates relative to contract guarantees. These typically involve the use of hedging strategies utilizing interest rate derivatives such as interest rate floors, swaps, and swaptions.

Certain insurance and annuity products contain features which allow the policyholders to surrender their policy at book value. Market risk management strategies are implemented to limit the potential financial loss due to changes in interest rate levels and policyholder behaviour. These typically involve the use of hedging strategies such as dynamic option replication and the purchase of interest rate swaptions.

Certain products have guaranteed minimum annuitization rates. Market risk management strategies are implemented to limit the potential financial loss and typically involve the use of fixed income asset, interest rate swaps, and swaptions.

Segregated Fund Guarantees
Approximately one half of our expected sensitivity to equity market risk and a small amount of interest rate risk sensitivity is derived from segregated fund products. These products provide benefit guarantees, which are linked to underlying fund performance and may be triggered upon death, maturity, withdrawal, or annuitization. The cost of providing for the guarantees in respect of our segregated fund contracts is uncertain and will depend upon a number of factors including general capital market conditions, our hedging strategies, policyholder behaviour, and mortality experience, each of which may result in negative impacts on net income and capital.

The following table provides information with respect to the guarantees provided in our segregated fund businesses.

 
As at September 30, 2015
($ millions) Fund value   Amount at risk(1)   Value of
guarantees(2)
  Insurance contract
liabilities(3)
   
SLF Canada 12,319   351   11,044   602    
SLF U.S. 5,226   560   5,672   253    
Run-off reinsurance(4) 2,811   621   2,171   636    
Total 20,356   1,532   18,887   1,491    
As at December 31, 2014  
($ millions) Fund value   Amount at Risk(1)   Value of
guarantees(2)
  Insurance contract
liabilities(3)
   
SLF Canada 13,039   217   11,202   273    
SLF U.S. 5,194   259   5,236   96    
Run-off reinsurance(4) 2,800   501   1,999   526    
Total 21,033   977   18,437   895    

(1)   The Amount at Risk represents the excess of the value of the guarantees over fund values on all policies where the value of the guarantees exceeds the fund value. The Amount at Risk is not currently payable as the guarantees are only payable upon death, maturity, withdrawal, or annuitization if fund values remain below guaranteed values.
(2)   For guaranteed lifetime withdrawal benefits, the value of guarantees is calculated as the present value of the maximum future withdrawals assuming market conditions remain unchanged from current levels. For all other benefits, the value of guarantees is determined assuming 100% of the claims are made at the valuation date.
(3) The insurance contract liabilities represent management's provision for future costs associated with these guarantees and include a provision for adverse deviation in accordance with Canadian actuarial standards of practice.
(4) The Run-off reinsurance business includes risks assumed through reinsurance of variable annuity products issued by various North American insurance companies between 1997 and 2001. This line of business is part of a closed block of reinsurance, which is included in the Corporate segment.

The movement of the items in the table above from December 31, 2014 to September 30, 2015 was primarily as a result of the following factors:

(i)  the total fund values decreased due to the natural run-off of the block net of new sales, unfavourable equity market movements, partially offset by the weakening of the Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar;
(ii)   the total Amount at Risk increased primarily due to unfavourable equity market movements and the weakening of the Canadian dollar;
(iii)   the total value of guarantees increased due to the weakening of the Canadian dollar, partially offset by the natural run-off of the block net of new sales; and
(iv)   the total insurance contract liabilities increased due to lower interest rates, unfavourable equity market movements, and the weakening of the Canadian dollar.

Segregated Fund Hedging 
We have implemented hedging programs, involving the use of derivative instruments, to mitigate a portion of the cost of interest rate and equity market-related volatility in providing for segregated fund guarantees. As at September 30, 2015, over 90% of our segregated fund contracts, as measured by associated fund values, were included in a hedging program. While a large percentage of contracts are included in the hedging program, not all of our equity exposure related to these contracts is hedged. For those segregated fund contracts included in the hedging program, we generally hedge the value of expected future net claims costs and associated margins as we are primarily focused on hedging the expected economic costs associated with providing these guarantees.

The following table illustrates the impact of our hedging program related to our sensitivity to a 50 basis point and 100 basis point decrease in interest rates and 10% and 25% decrease in equity markets for segregated fund contracts as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

Impact of Segregated Fund Hedging

September 30, 2015
($ millions) Changes in interest rates(3) Changes in equity markets(4)
Net income sensitivity(1)(2) 50 basis point
decrease
  100 basis point
decrease
  10% decrease   25% decrease  
Before hedging (200)   (450)   (200)   (550)  
Hedging impact 200   500   150   450  
Net of hedging   50   (50)   (100)  
         
December 31, 2014
($ millions) Changes in interest rates(3) Changes in equity markets(4)
Net income sensitivity(1)(2) 50 basis point
decrease
  100 basis point
decrease
  10% decrease   25% decrease  
Before hedging (200)   (400)   (150)   (500)  
Hedging impact 200   400   150   400  
Net of hedging       (100)  

(1)  Net income sensitivities have been rounded to the nearest $50 million.
(2)  Since the fair value of benefits being hedged will generally differ from the financial statement value (due to different valuation methods and the inclusion of valuation margins in respect of financial statement values), this will result in residual volatility to interest rate and equity market shocks in reported income and capital. The general availability and cost of these hedging instruments may be adversely impacted by a number of factors, including volatile and declining equity and interest rate market conditions.
(3)   Represents a parallel shift in assumed interest rates across the entire yield curve as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. Variations in realized yields based on factors such as different terms to maturity and geographies may result in realized sensitivities being significantly different from those illustrated above. Sensitivities include the impact of re-balancing interest rate hedges for dynamic hedging programs at 10 basis point intervals (for 50 basis point changes in interest rates) and at 20 basis point intervals (for 100 basis point changes in interest rates).
(4)   Represents the change across all equity markets as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. Assumes that actual equity exposures consistently and precisely track the broader equity markets. Since in actual practice equity-related exposures generally differ from broad market indices (due to the impact of active management, basis risk, and other factors), realized sensitivities may differ significantly from those illustrated above. Sensitivities include the impact of re-balancing equity hedges for dynamic hedging programs at 2% intervals (for 10% changes in equity markets) and at 5% intervals (for 25% changes in equity markets).

Real Estate Risk
We are exposed to real estate risk arising from fluctuations in the value of, or future cash flows on, real estate classified as investment properties. We may experience financial losses resulting from the direct ownership of real estate investments or indirectly through fixed income investments secured by real estate property, leasehold interests, ground rents, and purchase and leaseback transactions. Real estate price risk may arise from external market conditions, inadequate property analysis, inadequate insurance coverage, inappropriate real estate appraisals, or from environmental risk exposures. We hold direct real estate investments that support general account liabilities and surplus, and fluctuations in value will impact our profitability and financial position. An instantaneous 10% decrease in the value of our direct real estate investments as at September 30, 2015 would decrease net income by approximately $175 million ($150 million decrease as at December 31, 2014). Conversely, an instantaneous 10% increase in the value of our direct real estate investments as at September 30, 2015 would increase net income by approximately $175 million ($150 million increase as at December 31, 2014).

Additional Cautionary Language and Key Assumptions Related to Sensitivities
Our market risk sensitivities are measures of our estimated change in net income and OCI for changes in interest rates and equity market price levels described above, based on interest rates, equity market prices, and business mix in place as at the respective calculation dates. These sensitivities are calculated independently for each risk factor, generally assuming that all other risk variables stay constant. The sensitivities do not take into account indirect effects such as potential impacts on goodwill impairment or valuation allowances on deferred tax assets. The sensitivities are provided for the consolidated entity and may not be proportional across all reporting segments. Actual results can differ materially from these estimates for a variety of reasons, including differences in the pattern or distribution of the market shocks, the interaction between these risk factors, model error, or changes in other assumptions such as business mix, effective tax rates, policyholder behaviour, currency exchange rates, and other market variables relative to those underlying the calculation of these sensitivities. The potential extent to which actual results may differ from the indicative ranges will generally increase with larger capital market movements. Our sensitivities as at December 31, 2014 have been included for comparative purposes only.

We have also provided measures of our net income sensitivity to instantaneous changes in credit spreads, swap spreads, real estate price levels, and capital sensitivities to changes in interest rates and equity price levels. The real estate sensitivities are non-IFRS financial measures. For additional information, see Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures. The cautionary language which appears in this section is also applicable to the credit spread, swap spread, real estate, and MCCSR ratio sensitivities. In particular, these sensitivities are based on interest rates, credit and swap spreads, equity market, and real estate price levels as at the respective calculation dates and assume that all other risk variables remain constant. Changes in interest rates, credit and swap spreads, equity market, and real estate prices in excess of the ranges illustrated may result in other-than-proportionate impacts.

As these market risk sensitivities reflect an instantaneous impact on net income, OCI, and Sun Life Assurance's MCCSR ratio, they do not include impacts over time such as the effect on fee income in our asset management businesses.

The sensitivities reflect the composition of our assets and liabilities as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. Changes in these positions due to new sales or maturities, asset purchases/sales, or other management actions could result in material changes to these reported sensitivities. In particular, these sensitivities reflect the expected impact of hedging activities based on the hedge programs in place as at the September 30 and December 31 calculation dates. The actual impact of these hedging activities can differ materially from that assumed in the determination of these indicative sensitivities due to ongoing hedge re-balancing activities, changes in the scale or scope of hedging activities, changes in the cost or general availability of hedging instruments, basis risk (i.e., the risk that hedges do not exactly replicate the underlying portfolio experience), model risk, and other operational risks in the ongoing management of the hedge programs or the potential failure of hedge counterparties to perform in accordance with expectations.

The sensitivities are based on methods and assumptions in effect as at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, as applicable. Changes in the regulatory environment, accounting or actuarial valuation methods, models, or assumptions after this date could result in material changes to these reported sensitivities. Changes in interest rates and equity market prices in excess of the ranges illustrated may result in other than proportionate impacts.

Our hedging programs may themselves expose us to other risks, including basis risk (i.e., the risk that hedges do not exactly replicate the underlying portfolio experience), derivative counterparty credit risk, and increased levels of liquidity risk, model risk, and other operational risks. These factors may adversely impact the net effectiveness, costs, and financial viability of maintaining these hedging programs and therefore adversely impact our profitability and financial position. While our hedging programs include various elements aimed at mitigating these effects (e.g., hedge counterparty credit risk is managed by maintaining broad diversification, dealing primarily with highly rated counterparties, and transacting through International Swaps and Derivatives Association agreements that generally include applicable credit support annexes), residual risk and potential reported earnings and capital volatility remain.

For the reasons outlined above, these sensitivities should only be viewed as directional estimates of the underlying sensitivities of each factor under these specialized assumptions, and should not be viewed as predictors of our future net income, OCI, and capital sensitivities. Given the nature of these calculations, we cannot provide assurance that actual impact will be consistent with the estimates provided.

Information related to market risk sensitivities and guarantees related to segregated fund products should be read in conjunction with the information contained in the Outlook, Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates, and Risk Management sections in our annual MD&A and in the Risk Factors and Regulatory Matters sections in our AIF.

Legal and Regulatory Matters
Information concerning legal and regulatory matters is provided in our Annual Consolidated Financial Statements, annual MD&A, and AIF, for the year ended December 31, 2014.

Changes in Accounting Policies
We have not adopted any new and amended IFRS in the current period ended September 30, 2015. For additional information, refer to Note 2 in our Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of the Company's financial reporting and the preparation of its financial statements in accordance with IFRS.

There were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting during the period which began on July 1, 2015 and ended on September 30, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures
Additional information on the use of non-IFRS measures, including the definition of operating net income (loss) and underlying net income (loss), is available in this document under the heading Use of Non-IFRS Financial Measures.

The following table sets out the amounts that were excluded from our operating net income (loss), underlying net income (loss), operating EPS, and underlying EPS, and provides a reconciliation to our reported net income (loss) and EPS based on IFRS.

Reconciliations of Select Net Income Measures

  Quarterly results
($ millions, unless otherwise noted) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14  
Reported net income 482   726   441   502   435  
    Impact of certain hedges in SLF Canada that do not qualify for hedge accounting (10)   6   15   (6)   2  
  Fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS 28   (11)   (20)   1   (31)  
  Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs (14)       (4)   (3)  
Operating net income (loss) 478   731   446   511   467  
  Market related impacts (82)   97   (22)   (21)   (54)  
  Assumption changes and management actions 32   19   (48)   172   4  
Underlying net income (loss) 528   615   516   360   517  
Reported EPS (diluted) ($) 0.79   1.18   0.72   0.81   0.71  
  Impact of certain hedges in SLF Canada that do not qualify for hedge accounting ($) (0.02)   0.01   0.02   (0.01)    
  Fair value adjustments on share-based payment awards at MFS ($) 0.05   (0.02)   (0.03)     (0.05)  
  Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs ($) (0.02)       (0.01)    
  Impact of convertible securities on diluted EPS ($)          
Operating EPS (diluted) ($) 0.78   1.19   0.73   0.83   0.76  
  Market related impacts ($) (0.13)   0.16   (0.03)   (0.04)   (0.09)  
  Assumption changes and management actions ($) 0.05   0.03   (0.08)   0.28   0.01  
Underlying EPS (diluted) ($) 0.86   1.00   0.84   0.59   0.84  

Management also uses the following non-IFRS financial measures:

Return on equity. IFRS does not prescribe the calculation of ROE and therefore a comparable measure under IFRS is not available. To determine operating ROE and underlying ROE, operating net income (loss) and underlying net income (loss) are divided by the total weighted average common shareholders' equity for the period, respectively.

Adjusted revenue. This measure excludes from revenue the impact of: (i) exchange rate fluctuations, from the translation of functional currencies to the Canadian dollar, for comparisons ("Constant Currency Adjustment"); (ii) Fair value and foreign currency changes on assets and liabilities ("FV Adjustment"); and (iii) reinsurance for the insured business in SLF Canada's GB operations ("Reinsurance in SLF Canada's GB Operations Adjustment"). Adjusted revenue is an alternative measure of revenue that provides greater comparability across reporting periods.

  Quarterly results
($ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14  
Revenues 4,693   1,682   7,332   7,375   5,614  
  Constant Currency Adjustment 467   320   337   104    
  FV Adjustment (168)   (3,500)   2,495   2,196   495  
  Reinsurance in SLF Canada's GB Operations Adjustment (1,179)   (1,149)   (1,185)   (1,154)   (1,130)  
Adjusted revenue 5,573   6,011   5,685   6,229   6,249  

Adjusted premiums and deposits. This measure adjusts premiums and deposits for the impact of (i) the Constant Currency Adjustment and (ii) the Reinsurance in SLF Canada's GB Operations Adjustment. Adjusted premiums and deposits is an alternative measure of premiums and deposits that provides greater comparability across reporting periods.

  Quarterly results
($ millions) Q3'15   Q2'15   Q1'15   Q4'14   Q3'14  
Premiums and deposits 30,907   35,720   36,754   31,770   29,124  
  Constant Currency Adjustment 4,148   3,206   3,840   1,082    
  Reinsurance in SLF Canada's GB Operations Adjustment (1,179)   (1,149)   (1,185)   (1,154)   (1,130)  
Adjusted premiums and deposits 27,938   33,663   34,099   31,842   30,254  

Pre-tax operating profit margin ratio for MFS. This ratio is a measure of the underlying profitability of MFS, which excludes certain investment income and commission expenses that are offsetting. These amounts are excluded in order to neutralize the impact these items have on the pre-tax operating profit margin ratio, as they are offsetting in nature and have no impact on the underlying profitability of MFS.

Impact of foreign exchange. Several IFRS financial measures are presented on a constant currency adjusted basis to exclude the impact of foreign exchange rate fluctuations. These measures are calculated using the average or period end foreign exchange rates, as appropriate, in effect at the date of the comparative period.

Real estate market sensitivities. Real estate market sensitivities are non-IFRS financial measures for which there are no directly comparable measures under IFRS so it is not possible to provide a reconciliation of these amounts to the most directly comparable IFRS measures.

Other. Management also uses the following non-IFRS financial measures for which there are no comparable financial measures in IFRS: (i) ASO premium and deposit equivalents, mutual fund sales, managed fund sales, life and health sales, and total premiums and deposits; (ii) AUM, mutual fund assets, managed fund assets, other AUM, and assets under administration; (iii) the value of new business, which is used to measure the estimated lifetime profitability of new sales and is based on actuarial calculations; and (iv) assumption changes and management actions, which is a component of our sources of earnings disclosure. Sources of earnings is an alternative presentation of our Consolidated Statements of Operations that identifies and quantifies various sources of income. The Company is required to disclose its sources of earnings by its principal regulator, the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions.

Forward-looking Statements
From time to time, the Company makes written or oral forward-looking statements within the meaning of certain securities laws, including the "safe harbour" provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and applicable Canadian securities legislation. Forward-looking statements contained in this document include (i) statements relating to the anticipated source of funding for the acquisition of Assurant's U.S. Employee Benefits Business and the timing of receipt of regulatory approvals and closing for that transaction, (ii) statements relating to our strategies, (iii) statements that are predictive in nature or that depend upon or refer to future events or conditions, and (iv) statements that include words such as "aim", "anticipate", "assumption", "believe", "could", "estimate", "expect", "goal", "initiatives", "intend", "may", "objective", "outlook", "plan", "project", "seek", "should", "strategy", "strive", "target", "will", and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements include the information concerning our possible or assumed future results of operations. These statements represent our current expectations, estimates, and projections regarding future events and are not historical facts. Forward-looking statements are not a guarantee of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. Future results and shareholder value may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements due to, among other factors, the matters set out in this document under the headings Capital Management and Risk Management and in SLF Inc.'s 2014 AIF under the headings Risk Factors and the factors detailed in SLF Inc.'s other filings with Canadian and U.S. securities regulators, which are available for review at www.sedar.com and www.sec.gov, respectively.

The following are transactional risk factors related to our proposed acquisition of Assurant's U.S. Employee Benefits business that could have a material adverse effect on our forward-looking statements: (i) the ability of the parties to the transaction to execute the transaction as planned, including the separation and integration of the transferred assets, (ii) failure of the parties to obtain necessary consents and approvals as required under the definitive agreement or to otherwise satisfy the conditions to the completion of the transaction in a timely manner, or at all, (iii) our ability to realize the financial and strategic benefits of the transaction, (iv) failure to effectively or efficiently restructure and reorganize our U.S. employee benefits business  after the transaction has closed, and (v) the impact of the announcement of the transaction and the dedication of our resources to the completion of the transaction and the effect of the transaction on our continuing operations in the U.S. These risks all could have an impact on our business relationships (including with future and prospective employees, customers, distributors and partners) and could have a material adverse effect on the current and future operations, financial conditions and prospects of Sun Life Financial.

Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations include, but are not limited to: business risks - economic and geo-political risks; risks in implementing business strategies; changes in legislation and regulations, including capital requirements and tax laws; the inability to maintain strong distribution channels and risks relating to market conduct by intermediaries and agents; risks relating to operations in Asia, including the Company's joint ventures; the impact of competition; the performance of the Company's investments and investment portfolios managed for clients such as segregated and mutual funds; market conditions that affect the Company's capital position or its ability to raise capital; downgrades in financial strength or credit ratings; risks relating to estimates and judgments used in calculating taxes; the impact of mergers, acquisitions and divestitures including our proposed acquisition of Assurant's U.S. Employee Benefits business; the ineffectiveness of risk management policies and procedures; risks relating to the closed block of business; market, credit, and liquidity risks - the performance of equity markets; credit risks related to issuers of securities held in our investment portfolio, debtors, structured securities, reinsurers, derivative counterparties, other financial institutions, and other entities; changes or volatility in interest rates or credit spreads or swap spreads; fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates; risks relating to real estate investments; risks relating to market liquidity;  insurance risks - risks relating to the rate of mortality improvement; risks relating to policyholder behaviour; risks relating to product design and pricing; risks relating to mortality and morbidity, including the occurrence of natural or man-made disasters, pandemic diseases, and acts of terrorism; the impact of higher-than-expected future expenses; the availability, cost, and effectiveness of reinsurance; operational risks - breaches or failure of information system security and privacy, including cyber terrorism; risks relating to our information technology infrastructure; failure of information systems and Internet-enabled technology; the ability to attract and retain employees; legal and regulatory proceedings, including inquiries and investigations; risks relating to financial modelling errors; business continuity risks; dependence on third-party relationships, including outsourcing arrangements; and risks relating to the environment, environmental laws and regulations, and third-party policies.

The Company does not undertake any obligation to update or revise its forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this document or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law.

Earnings Conference Call
The Company's third quarter 2015 financial results will be reviewed at a conference call on Thursday, November 5, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. ET. To listen to the call via live audio webcast and to view the presentation slides, as well as related information, please visit www.sunlife.com and click on the link to Quarterly reports under Investors - Financial results & reports 10 minutes prior to the start of the call. Individuals participating in the call in a listen-only mode are encouraged to connect via our webcast. Following the call, the webcast and presentation will be archived and made available on the Company's website, www.sunlife.com, until Q3 2016 period end. The conference call can also be accessed by phone by dialing 647-788-4901 (International) or 1-877-201-0168 (Toll free North America).

Consolidated Statements of Operations

                               
  For the three months ended     For the nine months ended
(unaudited, in millions of Canadian dollars except for
per share amounts)
September 30, 2015 September 30,
2014
  September 30, 2015 September 30,
2014
Revenue                  
  Premiums                  
    Gross   $ 3,835   $ 4,080     $ 11,661   $ 11,476
    Less: Ceded   1,721   1,385     4,817   4,181
  Net premiums   2,114   2,695     6,844   7,295
                   
  Net investment income (loss):                  
    Interest and other investment income   1,362   1,265     3,961   3,683
    Fair value and foreign currency changes on assets and liabilities   (168)   495     (1,173)   3,976
    Net gains (losses) on available-for-sale assets   47   48     189   153
  Net investment income (loss)   1,241   1,808     2,977   7,812
  Fee income   1,338   1,111     3,886   3,282
Total revenue   4,693   5,614     13,707   18,389
                   
Benefits and expenses                  
  Gross claims and benefits paid   3,516   3,080     10,407   9,419
  Increase (decrease) in insurance contract liabilities   419   1,663     592   6,260
  Decrease (increase) in reinsurance assets   (66)   (68)     (380)   (180)
  Increase (decrease) in investment contract liabilities   (32)   3     (39)   59
  Reinsurance expenses (recoveries)   (1,662)   (1,357)     (4,638)   (4,033)
  Commissions   534   484     1,534   1,389
  Net transfer to (from) segregated funds   (27)   (5)     (40)   (11)
  Operating expenses   1,245   1,099     3,654   3,346
  Premium taxes   74   62     217   183
  Interest expense   86   77     242   242
Total benefits and expenses   4,087   5,038     11,549   16,674
Income (loss) before income taxes   606   576     2,158   1,715
  Less: Income tax expense (benefit)   79   116     419   367
Total net income (loss)   527   460     1,739   1,348
  Less: Net income (loss) attributable to participating policyholders   21   (1)     14   3
Shareholders' net income (loss)   506   461     1,725   1,345
  Less: Preferred shareholders' dividends   24   26     76   85
Common shareholders' net income (loss)   $ 482   $ 435     $ 1,649   $ 1,260
                   
Earnings (loss) per share                  
  Basic   $ 0.79   $ 0.71     $ 2.69   $ 2.06
  Diluted   $ 0.79   $ 0.71     $ 2.68   $ 2.05

Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

                   
    As at
(unaudited, in millions of Canadian dollars) September 30, 2015   December 31, 2014  
Assets        
  Cash, cash equivalents and short-term securities   $ 8,052     $ 6,818  
  Debt securities   68,386     66,214  
  Equity securities   5,232     5,223  
  Mortgages and loans   38,274     33,679  
  Derivative assets   2,238     1,839  
  Other invested assets   2,764     2,375  
  Policy loans   3,087     2,895  
  Investment properties   6,505     6,108  
  Invested assets   134,538     125,151  
  Other assets   4,086     3,429  
  Reinsurance assets   5,110     4,042  
  Deferred tax assets   1,280     1,230  
  Property and equipment   603     555  
  Intangible assets   1,455     895  
  Goodwill   4,582     4,117  
  Total general fund assets   151,654     139,419  
  Investments for account of segregated fund holders   88,248     83,938  
Total assets   $ 239,902     $ 223,357  
Liabilities and equity        
Liabilities        
  Insurance contract liabilities   $ 107,827     $ 101,228  
  Investment contract liabilities   2,880     2,819  
  Derivative liabilities   3,284     1,603  
  Deferred tax liabilities   340     155  
  Other liabilities   11,010     9,725  
  Senior debentures   2,848     2,849  
  Subordinated debt   2,692     2,168  
  Total general fund liabilities   130,881     120,547  
  Insurance contracts for account of segregated fund holders   80,751     76,736  
  Investment contracts for account of segregated fund holders   7,497     7,202  
Total liabilities   $ 219,129     $ 204,485  
         
Equity        
  Issued share capital and contributed surplus   $ 10,861     $ 10,805  
  Retained earnings and accumulated other comprehensive income   9,912     8,067  
Total equity   $ 20,773     $ 18,872  
Total liabilities and equity   $ 239,902     $ 223,357  

About Sun Life Financial
Celebrating 150 years in 2015, Sun Life Financial is a leading international financial services organization providing a diverse range of protection and wealth products and services to individuals and corporate customers. Sun Life Financial and its partners have operations in a number of markets worldwide, including Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Japan, Indonesia, India, China, Australia, Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia and Bermuda. As of September 30, 2015, the Sun Life Financial group of companies had total assets under management of $846 billion. For more information please visit www.sunlife.com.

Sun Life Financial Inc. trades on the Toronto (TSX), New York (NYSE) and Philippine (PSE) stock exchanges under the ticker symbol SLF. 

 

 

 

SOURCE Sun Life Financial Inc.

For further information:

Media Relations Contact:
Frank Switzer
Vice-President, Corporate Communications
Tel: 416-979-4086
frank.switzer@sunlife.com

Investor Relations Contact:
Gregory Dilworth
Vice-President, Investor Relations
Tel: 416-979-6230
investor.relations@sunlife.com


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