OTTAWA, Oct. 14 /CNW Telbec/ - Results of a multi-country research project released today explain why some children in developing countries are not receiving vaccines. The research also shows how targeted, low-cost interventions can increase vaccination rates, at times doubling or tripling the odds of children being vaccinated.
"These research results show that actual vaccination rates are much lower than what is being reported nationally in developing countries. We are calling this effect the Fallacy of Coverage. The studies also tell us, that despite the lower than expected coverage, we can get every child vaccinated and vaccinated on time," explained Dr. Sharmila Mhatre, senior program specialist at the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
The thirteen research articles are being published by BioMed Central's International Health and Human Rights, with funding from the Canadian International Immunization Initiative Phase 2, and were based on research conducted from South Asia to West Africa.
In Pakistan, researchers found that discussions with communities about the costs and benefits of getting their children vaccinated can actually increase immunization rates. In India, the study found that girls have lower immunization coverage rates than boys, and therefore that tackling broader social inequities is key to making sure young girls get immunized. While in Burkina Faso, children are not being immunized even though the father has given permission to do so. The study from this country helps to show how this can be changed.
"Each year millions of children do not benefit from the most basic infant vaccines and remain exposed to life threatening diseases that could be prevented," said Dr. Philippe Duclos, Senior Health Adviser Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals from the World Health Organisation. "Understanding the reasons for the lack of vaccination and finding innovative ways to reach the unreached and expand immunization is essential and operational research projects such as these are needed to this effect."
Immunization can and does save lives, contributing to reducing child mortality rates. What the results of these research projects confirm is the fact that if resources are well targeted and based on evidence, they can have a huge impact on children's lives.
This five-year research initiative was launched in September 2003, as part of a larger program funded by the Canadian International Development Agency and as part of the Global Health Research Initiative. Six research teams covering 12 countries were selected for funding, and the IDRC provided the technical oversight and administered the grants.
The research articles are being published today and available at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-698X/9?issue=S1
Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) is one of the world's leading institutions in the generation and application of new knowledge to meet the challenges of international development. For nearly 40 years, IDRC has worked in close collaboration with researchers from the developing world to build healthier, more equitable, and more prosperous societies.
SOURCE International Development Research Centre
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