LONDON, June 29, 2012 /CNW/ -
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Several new challengers to the established global hierarchy are revealed
in 2012 QS World University Rankings by Subject, the largest set of
rankings of its kind ever compiled.
(Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20120528/533559 )
MIT and Harvard both top the table in 11 of the record 29 disciplines
covered, ahead of Oxford (3), Stanford (3) and Cambridge (1). Yet it is
the performance of universities outside of the traditional US-UK elite
that provides the rankings' main talking point.
Universities from 17 different countries make the top 20 in at least one
discipline, spanning five continents: the US, UK, Australia, Canada,
Switzerland, Italy, France, Germany, Netherlands, Ireland, Sweden,
China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Korea, Japan and Brazil.
Asia accounts for around a quarter of leading institutions in
engineering, mathematics, chemistry, and material sciences. University
of Tokyo ranks 2nd in civil engineering, while National University of Singapore, Peking
University, Hong Kong University and Kyoto University all make the top
ten in at least one discipline.
"Global competition to develop research capacity and attract
international talent is shaking up the established order", says QS head
of research Ben Sowter. "The financial crisis has eroded the ability of
leading universities in the US and UK to monopolize world-class
researchers and students".
Continental Europe's leading institution is ETH Zurich, ranked 4th in chemical engineering. Germany's increased research funding through
the Excellence Initiative is reflected in strong performances in
science and technology, with Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
ranked 12th for physics.
"Countries in Asia, Australasia and parts of western Europe have
increased their research budgets in a bid to foster innovation," says
John O'Leary. "The BRIC nations in particular have made higher
education central to their plans for economic growth."
Two Indian institutions appear for the first time in the top 30 for
engineering, while China flexes its muscle with top-30 rankings in 17
disciplines. Brazil's emergence is reflected by top-50 rankings in six
subjects for the University of Sao Paolo.
Australian universities make the top ten in 11 subjects, while Toronto
University is Canada's top institution, with five top-ten rankings. 12
UK institutions make the top 20 in at least one of the 29 subjects,
though only three of these universities register their best performance
in a science or technology discipline.
QS World University Rankings by Subject is based on new data on research
citations alongside global surveys of nearly 50,000 academics and
SOURCE QS Quacquarelli Symonds
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