CP reports Q2 2016 diluted earnings per share of $2.15; adjusted diluted EPS of $2.05

CALGARY, July 20, 2016 /CNW/ - Canadian Pacific Railway Limited (TSX: CP) (NYSE: CP) today announced second-quarter reported diluted earnings per share (EPS) of $2.15, or $2.05 on an adjusted diluted EPS basis, and an operating ratio of 62 percent.

Reported diluted EPS declined 9 percent to $2.15 from $2.36 and adjusted diluted EPS decreased 16 percent to $2.05 from $2.45 due in large part to a 12 percent drop in revenues.

"Revenue challenges in the second quarter, as noted in our quarterly outlook release last month, included lower-than-anticipated bulk volumes, devastating wildfires in northern Alberta and a strengthening Canadian dollar," said CP's Chief Executive Officer E. Hunter Harrison. "Despite these challenges, our team of dedicated railroaders continues to perform and their hard work and focus on service, safety and controlling costs, positions CP well for the rest of the year."

SECOND-QUARTER RESULTS 

  • Revenues fell 12 percent to $1.45 billion from $1.65 billion
  • Operating income decreased 15 percent to $551 million from $646 million
  • Operating ratio increased 110 basis points to 62 percent from 60.9 percent
  • Reported net income declined 16 percent to $328 million; adjusted income fell 23 percent to $312 million.

"Our business model provides the flexibility and capacity to take advantage of changing market conditions – as volumes increase, we are well-equipped and ready to respond accordingly," Harrison said.

The company will discuss its results with the financial community in a conference call beginning at: 11 a.m. eastern time (9 a.m. mountain time) on July 20.

Conference Call Access

Toronto participants dial in number: 1-647-427-7450 

Operator assisted toll-free dial in number: 1-888-231-8191 

Callers should dial in 10 minutes prior to the call.

Webcast

We encourage you to access the webcast and presentation material in the "Investors" section of CP's website at http://www.cpr.ca/en/investors/earnings-releases

A replay of the second-quarter conference call will be available by phone through to August 17, 2016 at 416-849-0833 or toll free 1-855-859-2056, password 38007320.

Access to the webcast and audio file of the presentation will be made available at: http://www.cpr.ca/en/investors/earnings-releases

Non-GAAP Measures

For further information regarding non-GAAP measures, including reconciliations to the nearest GAAP measures, see the attached supplementary schedule Non-GAAP Measures.

Note on forward-looking information

This news release contains certain forward-looking information within the meaning of applicable securities laws relating, but not limited, to our operations, priorities and plans, anticipated financial performance, including our 2016 full-year guidance, business prospects, planned capital expenditures, programs and strategies. This forward-looking information also includes, but is not limited to, statements concerning expectations, beliefs, plans, goals, objectives, assumptions and statements about possible future events, conditions, and results of operations or performance. Forward-looking information may contain statements with words or headings such as "financial expectations", "key assumptions", "anticipate", "believe", "expect", "plan", "will", "outlook", "should" or similar words suggesting future outcomes.

Undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking information as actual results may differ materially from the forward-looking information. Forward-looking information is not a guarantee of future performance. By its nature, CP's forward-looking information involves numerous assumptions, inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward looking information, including but not limited to the following factors: changes in business strategies; general North American and global economic, credit and business conditions; risks in agricultural production such as weather conditions and insect populations; the availability and price of energy commodities; the effects of competition and pricing pressures; industry capacity; shifts in market demand; changes in commodity prices; uncertainty surrounding timing and volumes of commodities being shipped via CP; inflation; changes in laws and regulations, including regulation of rates; changes in taxes and tax rates; potential increases in maintenance and operating costs; uncertainties of investigations, proceedings or other types of claims and litigation; labour disputes; risks and liabilities arising from derailments; transportation of dangerous goods; timing of completion of capital and maintenance projects; currency and interest rate fluctuations; effects of changes in market conditions and discount rates on the financial position of pension plans and investments; and various events that could disrupt operations, including severe weather, droughts, floods, avalanches and earthquakes as well as security threats and governmental response to them, and technological changes. The foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive. These and other factors are detailed from time to time in reports filed by CP with securities regulators in Canada and the United States. Reference should be made to "Item 1A - Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Forward-Looking Information" in CP's annual and interim reports on Form 10-K and 10-Q. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking information. Forward looking information is based on current expectations, estimates and projections and it is possible that predictions, forecasts, projections, and other forms of forward-looking information will not be achieved by CP. Except as required by law, CP undertakes no obligation to update publicly or otherwise revise any forward-looking information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

About Canadian Pacific

Canadian Pacific Railway Limited (TSX:CP)(NYSE: CP) is a transcontinental railway in Canada and the United States with direct links to eight major ports, including Vancouver and Montreal, providing North American customers a competitive rail service with access to key markets in every corner of the globe. CP is growing with its customers, offering a suite of freight transportation services, logistics solutions and supply chain expertise. Visit www.cpr.ca to see the rail advantages of CP.

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(unaudited)




For the three months
ended June 30

For the six months
ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars, except share and per share data)


2016

2015

2016

2015

Revenues







Freight


$

1,406

$

1,610

$

2,954

$

3,240


Non-freight


44

41

87

76

Total revenues


1,450

1,651

3,041

3,316

Operating expenses







Compensation and benefits


284

308

613

686


Fuel


131

185

256

380


Materials


38

45

94

97


Equipment rents


44

46

89

88


Depreciation and amortization


161

145

323

291


Purchased services and other (Note 4)


241

276

462

516

Total operating expenses


899

1,005

1,837

2,058







Operating income


551

646

1,204

1,258

Less:







Other income and charges (Note 5)


(9)

(5)

(190)

68


Net interest expense


115

84

239

169

Income before income tax expense


445

567

1,155

1,021


Income tax expense (Note 6)



117


177


287


311

Net income


$

328

$

390

$

868

$

710







Earnings per share (Note 7)







Basic earnings per share


$

2.16

$

2.38

$

5.70

$

4.32


Diluted earnings per share


$

2.15

$

2.36

$

5.67

$

4.28







Weighted-average number of shares (millions) (Note 7)







Basic


151.7

163.7

152.3

164.3


Diluted


152.6

165.0

153.2

165.7







Dividends declared per share


$

0.5000

$

0.3500

$

0.8500

$

0.7000

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(unaudited)




For the three months
ended June 30

For the six months
ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)


2016

2015

2016

2015

Net income


$

328

$

390

$

868

$

710


Net gain (loss) in foreign currency translation adjustments,
net of hedging activities


3

7

40

(30)


Change in derivatives designated as cash flow hedges


(29)

36

(76)

(33)


Change in pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans


43

66

90

138

Other comprehensive income before income taxes


17

109

54

75

Income tax (expense) recovery on above items


(7)

(35)

(48)

11

Other comprehensive income (Note 3)


10

74

6

86

Comprehensive income


$

338

$

464

$

874

$

796

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS AT

(unaudited)




June 30


December 31

(in millions of Canadian dollars)


2016


2015

Assets





Current assets






Cash and cash equivalents


$

92


$

650


Accounts receivable, net


577


645


Materials and supplies


195


188


Other current assets


59


54



923


1,537

Investments


155


152

Properties


16,160


16,273

Goodwill and intangible assets


195


211

Pension asset


1,565


1,401

Other assets


70


63

Total assets


$

19,068


$

19,637

Liabilities and shareholders' equity





Current liabilities






Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


$

1,247


$

1,417


Long-term debt maturing within one year (Note 8)


198


30



1,445


1,447

Pension and other benefit liabilities


751


758

Other long-term liabilities


286


318

Long-term debt


8,383


8,927

Deferred income taxes


3,512


3,391

Total liabilities


14,377


14,841

Shareholders' equity






Share capital


2,000


2,058


Additional paid-in capital


49


43


Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 3)


(1,471)


(1,477)


Retained earnings


4,113


4,172



4,691


4,796

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity


$

19,068


$

19,637

Contingencies (Note 13)

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)




For the three months
ended June 30

For the six months
ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)


2016

2015

2016

2015

Operating activities






Net income


$

328

$

390

$

868

$

710

Reconciliation of net income to cash provided by operating activities:







Depreciation and amortization


161

145

323

291


Deferred income taxes (Note 6)


90

74

183

106


Pension funding in excess of expense (Note 12)


(37)

(20)

(79)

(30)

Foreign exchange (gain) loss on long-term debt (Note 5)


(18)

(10)

(199)

54

Other operating activities, net


(47)

(28)

(113)

(69)

Change in non-cash working capital balances related to operations


35

34

(253)

78

Cash provided by operating activities


512

585

730

1,140

Investing activities






Additions to properties


(330)

(355)

(608)

(618)

Proceeds from sale of properties and other assets (Note 4)


11

8

71

60

Other


(2)

(7)

(2)

13

Cash used in investing activities


(321)

(354)

(539)

(545)

Financing activities






Dividends paid


(53)

(57)

(107)

(115)

Issuance of CP Common Shares


4

11

9

27

Purchase of CP Common Shares (Note 9)


(788)

(543)

(788)

(1,072)

Issuance of long-term debt, excluding commercial paper


810

Repayment of long-term debt, excluding commercial paper


(7)

(9)

(18)

(67)

Net issuance (repayment) of commercial paper (Note 8)


176

369

176

(224)

Other


(1)

(3)

Cash used in financing activities


(669)

(229)

(731)

(641)







Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S. dollar-denominated
cash and cash equivalents


(1)

(1)

(18)

5

Cash position






(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents


(479)

1

(558)

(41)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period


571

184

650

226

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period


$

92

$

185

$

92

$

185







Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:






Income taxes paid


$

65

$

62

$

257

$

59

Interest paid


$

92

$

94

$

247

$

161

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(unaudited)


(in millions of Canadian dollars, except common
share amounts)


Common
shares (in
millions)



Share
capital

Additional
paid-in
capital

Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss

Retained
earnings

Total
shareholders'
equity

Balance at January 1, 2016


153.0


$

2,058

$

43

$

(1,477)

$

4,172

$

4,796


Net income







868


868


Other comprehensive income (Note 3)






6



6


Dividends declared







(130)


(130)


Effect of stock-based compensation expense





8




8


CP Common Shares repurchased (Note 9)


(4.7)



(70)




(797)


(867)


Shares issued under stock option plan


0.1



12


(2)




10

Balance at June 30, 2016


148.4


$

2,000

$

49

$

(1,471)

$

4,113

$

4,691

Balance at January 1, 2015


166.1


$

2,185

$

36

$

(2,219)

$

5,608

$

5,610


Net income







710


710


Other comprehensive income (Note 3)






86



86


Dividends declared







(115)


(115)


Effect of stock-based compensation expense





10




10


CP Common Shares repurchased (Note 9)


(5.2)



(70)




(1,010)


(1,080)


Shares issued under stock option plan


0.4



36


(6)




30

Balance at June 30, 2015


161.3


$

2,151

$

40

$

(2,133)

$

5,193

$

5,251

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2016
(unaudited)

1   Basis of presentation

These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of Canadian Pacific Railway Limited ("CP", or "the Company"), expressed in Canadian dollars, reflect management's estimates and assumptions that are necessary for their fair presentation in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP"). They do not include all disclosures required under GAAP for annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the 2015 annual consolidated financial statements and notes included in CP's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The accounting policies used are consistent with the accounting policies used in preparing the 2015 annual consolidated financial statements, except for the newly adopted accounting policy discussed in Note 2.

CP's operations can be affected by seasonal fluctuations such as changes in customer demand and weather-related issues. This seasonality could impact quarter-over-quarter comparisons.

In management's opinion, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly such information. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the fiscal year.

2   Accounting changes

Implemented in 2016

Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis

In February 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis under FASB Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 810 Consolidation. The amendments required reporting entities to evaluate whether they should consolidate certain legal entities under the revised consolidation model. Specifically, the amendments modify the evaluation of whether limited partnerships and similar legal entities are variable interest entities ("VIEs") or voting interest entities, eliminated the presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership and affected the consolidation analysis of reporting entities involved with VIEs, particularly those that have fee arrangements and related party relationships. This ASU was effective for public entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after December 15, 2015. Entities had the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt this ASU. The Company evaluated all arrangements that might give rise to a VIE and all existing VIEs; no changes to disclosure or financial statement presentation were required as a result of this evaluation.

Future changes

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. The new FASB ASC Topic 842 Leases supersedes the lease recognition and measurement requirements in Topic 840 Leases. This new standard requires recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as finance and operating leases with a maximum term exceeding 12 months. This ASU will be effective for public entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after December 15, 2018. Entities are required to use a modified retrospective approach to adopt this ASU. The Company is currently evaluating the impact adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Principal versus Agent Considerations under FASB ASC Topic 606. The amendments clarify the principal versus agent guidance in determining whether to recognize revenue on a gross or net basis. The amendments are effective for public entities for annual reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt this ASU. The Company is currently evaluating the impact adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.

Compensation - Stock Compensation

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation, under ASC Topic 718. The amendments clarify the guidance relating to treatment of excess tax benefits and deficiencies, acceptable forfeiture rate policies, and treatment of cash paid by an employer when directly withholding shares for tax-withholding purposes and the requirement to treat such cash flows as a financing activity. This ASU will be effective for public entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.

3   Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss ("AOCL") by component


For the three months ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars, net of tax)

Foreign currency
net of hedging
activities

Derivatives and
other

Pension and
post-retirement
defined benefit
plans

Total

Opening balance, 2016

$

125

$

(136)

$

(1,470)

$

(1,481)

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

(1)

(23)

(2)

(26)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

2

34

36

Net current-period other comprehensive (loss) income

(1)

(21)

32

10

Closing balance, 2016

$

124

$

(157)

$

(1,438)

$

(1,471)

Opening balance, 2015

$

125

$

(103)

$

(2,229)

$

(2,207)

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

26

26

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

48

48

Net current-period other comprehensive income

26

48

74

Closing balance, 2015

$

125

$

(77)

$

(2,181)

$

(2,133)











For the six months ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars, net of tax)

Foreign currency
net of hedging
activities

Derivatives and
other

Pension and
post-retirement
defined benefit
plans

Total

Opening balance, 2016

$

129

$

(102)

$

(1,504)

$

(1,477)

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

(5)

(59)

(2)

(66)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

4

68

72

Net current-period other comprehensive (loss) income

(5)

(55)

66

6

Closing balance, 2016

$

124

$

(157)

$

(1,438)

$

(1,471)

Opening balance, 2015

$

115

$

(52)

$

(2,282)

$

(2,219)

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

10

(26)

5

(11)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

1

96

97

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)

10

(25)

101

86

Closing balance, 2015

$

125

$

(77)

$

(2,181)

$

(2,133)

Amounts in Pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans reclassified from AOCL







For the three months
ended June 30

For the six months
ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)






2016

2015

2016

2015

Amortization of prior service costs(a)






$

(1)

$

(2)

$

(3)

$

(3)

Recognition of net actuarial loss(a)







48


67


97


134

Total before income tax







47


65


94


131

Income tax recovery







(13)


(17)


(26)


(35)

Net of income tax






$

34

$

48

$

68

$

96

(a) Impacts Compensation and benefits on the Interim Consolidated Statements of Income.

4   Gain on sale of properties

Gain on sale of Arbutus Corridor

In March 2016, the Company announced the sale of CP's Arbutus Corridor (the "Arbutus Corridor") to the City of Vancouver for gross proceeds of $55 million. The agreement allows the Company to share in future proceeds on the eventual development and/or sale of certain parcels of the Arbutus Corridor. The Company recorded a gain on sale of $50 million before tax ($43 million after tax) from the transaction during the first quarter of 2016.

Gain on settlement of legal proceedings related to the purchase and sale of a building

In 2013, CP provided an interest free loan pursuant to a court order to a corporation owned by a court appointed trustee ("the judicial trustee") to facilitate the acquisition of a building. The building was held in trust during the legal proceedings with regard to CP's entitlement to an exercised purchase option of the building. As at December 31, 2014, the loan of $20 million and the purchase option with a carrying value of $8 million, were recorded as "Other assets" in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets.

In the first quarter of 2015, CP reached a settlement with a third party that, following the sale of the building to an arm's length third party, resulted in resolution of legal proceedings. CP received $59 million for the sale of the building which included repayment of the aforementioned loan to the judicial trustee and recorded a gain of $31 million ($27 million after tax).

5   Other income and charges




For the three months
ended June 30

For the six months
ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)


2016

2015

2016

2015

Foreign exchange (gain) loss on long-term debt


$

(18)

$

(10)

$

(199)

$

54

Other foreign exchange (gains) losses


(7)

6

Other


9

5

16

8

Total other income and charges


$

(9)

$

(5)

$

(190)

$

68

6   Income taxes








For the three months
ended June 30

For the six months
ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)







2016

2015

2016

2015

Current income tax expense







$

27

$

103

$

104

$

205

Deferred income tax expense







90

74

183

106

Income tax expense







$

117

$

177

$

287

$

311

The estimated 2016 annual effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, excluding the discrete item related to the foreign exchange gain on the Company's U.S. dollar-denominated debt, is 26.93% and 27.25%, respectively, compared to the estimate of 27.50% for the same periods in 2015.

The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, including the discrete item, is 26.40% and 24.86%, respectively, compared to 31.30% and 30.51%, respectively, for the same period in 2015. 

7   Earnings per share

At June 30, 2016, the number of shares outstanding was 148.4 million (June 30, 2015 - 161.3 million).

Basic earnings per share have been calculated using net income for the period divided by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period.

The number of shares used in earnings per share calculations is reconciled as follows:




For the three months
ended June 30


For the six months
ended June 30

(in millions)



2016


2015


2016


2015

Weighted-average basic shares outstanding



151.7


163.7


152.3


164.3

Dilutive effect of stock options



0.9


1.3


0.9


1.4

Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding



152.6


165.0


153.2


165.7

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, there were 440,009 options and 443,000 options, respectively, excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because their effects were not dilutive (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - 175,068 and 87,976, respectively).

8   Debt

Revolving credit facility

Effective June 28, 2016, the Company extended the maturity date by one year on its existing revolving U.S. $2.0 billion revolving credit facility, which includes a U.S. $1.0 billion five-year portion and U.S. $1.0 billion one-year plus one-year term-out portion. The maturity date on the U.S. $1.0 billion one-year plus one-year term-out portion has been extended to June 28, 2018; the maturity date on the U.S. $1.0 billion five-year portion was extended to June 28, 2021. 

Commercial paper program

The Company has a commercial paper program which enables it to issue commercial paper up to a maximum aggregate principal amount of U.S. $1.0 billion in the form of unsecured promissory notes. The commercial paper is backed by the U.S. $1.0 billion one-year plus one-year term-out portion of the revolving credit facility. As at June 30, 2016, the Company had total commercial paper borrowings of U.S. $135 million ($174 million), presented in "Long-term debt maturing within one year" on the Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets (December 31, 2015 - $nil). The weighted-average interest rate on these borrowings was 0.67%.

The Company presents issuances and repayments of commercial paper in the Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows on a net basis, all of which have a maturity of less than 90 days.

9   Shareholders' equity

On April 20, 2016, the Company announced a new normal course issuer bid ("bid"), commencing May 2, 2016 to May 1, 2017, to purchase up to 6.91 million of its outstanding Common Shares for cancellation.

All purchases are made in accordance with the bid at prevalent market prices plus brokerage fees, or such other prices that may be permitted by the Toronto Stock Exchange, with consideration allocated to share capital up to the average carrying amount of the shares, and any excess allocated to retained earnings. The following table provides activities under the share repurchase program:



For the three months
ended June 30

For the six months
ended June 30



2016

2015

2016

2015

Number of Common Shares repurchased(1)



5,127,800


3,058,900


5,127,800


5,233,688

Weighted-average price per share(2)


$

169.13

$

193.10

$

169.13

$

206.40

Amount of repurchase (in millions)(2)


$

867

$

590

$

867

$

1,080

(1) Includes shares repurchased but not yet canceled at quarter end.

(2) Includes brokerage fees.

10  Financial instruments

A.   Fair values of financial instruments

The Company categorizes its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value in line with the fair value hierarchy established by GAAP that prioritizes, with respect to reliability, the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. This hierarchy consists of three broad levels. Level 1 inputs consist of quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and give the highest priority to these inputs. Level 2 and 3 inputs are based on significant other observable inputs and significant unobservable inputs, respectively, and give lower priority to these inputs.

When possible, the estimated fair value is based on quoted market prices and, if not available, estimates from third party brokers. For non-exchange traded derivatives classified in Level 2, the Company uses standard valuation techniques to calculate fair value. Primary inputs to these techniques include observable market prices (interest, foreign exchange ("FX") and commodity) and volatility, depending on the type of derivative and nature of the underlying risk. The Company uses inputs and data used by willing market participants when valuing derivatives and considers its own credit default swap spread as well as those of its counterparties in its determination of fair value.

The carrying values of financial instruments equal or approximate their fair values with the exception of long-term debt which has a fair value of approximately $10,335 million at June 30, 2016 (December 31, 2015 - $9,750 million) and a carrying value of $8,581 million at June 30, 2016 (December 31, 2015 - $8,957 million). The estimated fair value of current and long-term borrowings has been determined based on market information where available, or by discounting future payments of interest and principal at estimated interest rates expected to be available to the Company at period end. All derivatives and long-term debt are classified as Level 2.

B.   Financial risk management

Derivative financial instruments

Derivative financial instruments may be used to selectively reduce volatility associated with fluctuations in interest rates, FX rates, the price of fuel and stock-based compensation expense. Where derivatives are designated as hedging instruments, the relationship between the hedging instruments and their associated hedged items is documented, as well as the risk management objective and strategy for the use of the hedging instruments. This documentation includes linking the derivatives that are designated as fair value or cash flow hedges to specific assets or liabilities on the Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets, commitments or forecasted transactions. At the time a derivative contract is entered into, and at least quarterly thereafter, an assessment is made whether the derivative item is effective in offsetting the changes in fair value or cash flows of the hedged items. The derivative qualifies for hedge accounting treatment if it is effective in substantially mitigating the risk it was designed to address.

It is not the Company's intent to use financial derivatives or commodity instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

FX management

The Company conducts business transactions and owns assets in both Canada and the United States. As a result, the Company is exposed to fluctuations in value of financial commitments, assets, liabilities, income or cash flows due to changes in FX rates. The Company may enter into FX risk management transactions primarily to manage fluctuations in the exchange rate between Canadian and U.S. currencies. FX exposure is primarily mitigated through natural offsets created by revenues, expenditures and balance sheet positions incurred in the same currency. Where appropriate, the Company may negotiate with customers and suppliers to reduce the net exposure.

Net investment hedge

The FX gains and losses on long-term debt are mainly unrealized and can only be realized when U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt matures or is settled. The Company also has long-term FX exposure on its investment in U.S. affiliates. The majority of the Company's U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt has been designated as a hedge of the net investment in foreign subsidiaries. This designation has the effect of mitigating volatility on net income by offsetting long-term FX gains and losses on U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt and gains and losses on its net investment. The effective portion recognized in "Other comprehensive income" for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was an unrealized FX gain of $24 million and $332 million, respectively (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - unrealized FX gain of $58 million and an unrealized FX loss of $298 million, respectively).  There was no ineffectiveness during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015.

Interest rate management

The Company is exposed to interest rate risk, which is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will vary as a result of changes in market interest rates. In order to manage funding needs or capital structure goals, the Company enters into debt or capital lease agreements that are subject to either fixed market interest rates set at the time of issue or floating rates determined by on-going market conditions. Debt subject to variable interest rates exposes the Company to variability in interest expense, while debt subject to fixed interest rates exposes the Company to variability in the fair value of debt.

To manage interest rate exposure, the Company accesses diverse sources of financing and manages borrowings in line with a targeted range of capital structure, debt ratings, liquidity needs, maturity schedule, and currency and interest rate profiles. In anticipation of future debt issuances, the Company may enter into forward rate agreements, that are designated as cash flow hedges, to substantially lock in all or a portion of the effective future interest expense. The Company may also enter into swap agreements, designated as fair value hedges, to manage the mix of fixed and floating rate debt.

Forward starting swaps

As at December 31, 2015, the Company had forward starting floating-to-fixed interest rate swap agreements ("forward starting swaps") totaling a notional U.S. $700 million to fix the benchmark rate on cash flows associated with highly probable forecasted issuances of long-term notes. The effective portion of changes in fair value on the forward starting swaps is recorded in "Accumulated other comprehensive loss", net of tax, as cash flow hedges until the highly probable forecasted notes are issued. Subsequent to the notes issuance, amounts in "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" are reclassified to "Net interest expense".

During the second quarter of 2016, the Company rolled the notional U.S. $700 million forward starting swaps. The Company de-designated the hedging relationship for U.S. $700 million of forward starting swaps. The Company did not cash settle these swaps. There was no ineffectiveness to record upon de-designation.

Concurrently the Company re-designated the forward starting swaps totaling U.S. $700 million to fix the benchmark rate on cash flows associated with a highly probable forecasted debt issuance of long-term notes.

As at June 30, 2016, the total fair value loss of $144 million (December 31, 2015 - fair value loss of $60 million) derived from the forward starting swaps was included in "Accounts payable and accrued liabilities". Changes in fair value from the forward starting swaps for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was a loss of $32 million and $84 million, respectively (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - a gain of $34 million and a loss of $39 million, respectively). The effective portion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 of a loss of $32 million and $82 million, respectively, (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - a fair value gain of $34 million and a fair value loss of $37 million, respectively) is recorded in "Other comprehensive income". For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the ineffective portion of $nil and $2 million loss, respectively (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - $nil and $2 million loss, respectively) is recorded to "Net interest expense" on the Interim Consolidated Statements of Income.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, a loss of $3 million and $5 million, respectively, related to previous forward starting swap hedges have been amortized to "Net interest expense" (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - a loss of $1 million and $2 million, respectively). The Company expects that during the next 12 months $11 million of losses will be amortized to "Net interest expense".

11  Stock-based compensation

At June 30, 2016, the Company had several stock-based compensation plans, including stock option plans, various cash settled liability plans and an employee stock savings plan. These plans resulted in an expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 of $1 million and $15 million, respectively (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - recovery of $5 million and an expense of $24 million, respectively). 

Regular options

In the six months ended June 30, 2016, under CP's stock option plans, the Company issued 402,331 regular options at the weighted average price of $165.55 per share, based on the closing price on the grant date. 

Pursuant to the employee plan, these regular options may be exercised upon vesting, which is between 12 months and 48 months after the grant date, and will expire after 10 years.

Under the fair value method, the fair value of the regular options at the grant date was approximately $16 million. The weighted average fair value assumptions were approximately:


For the six months ended
June 30, 2016

Grant price

$165.55

Expected option life (years)(1)

5.25

Risk-free interest rate(2)

1.21%

Expected stock price volatility(3)

26.58%

Expected annual dividends per share(4)

$1.40

Expected forfeiture rate(5)

2.0%

Weighted-average grant date fair value per regular options granted during the period

$38.98


(1) Represents the period of time that awards are expected to be outstanding. Historical data on exercise behaviour,
or when available, specific expectations regarding future exercise behaviour, were used to estimate the expected life
of the option.

(2) Based on the implied yield available on zero-coupon government issues with an equivalent remaining term at the
time of the grant.

(3) Based on the historical stock price volatility of the Company's stock over a period commensurate with the expected
term of the option.

(4) Determined by the current annual dividend at the time of grant. The Company does not employ different dividend
yields throughout
the contractual term of the option. On April 20, 2016, the Company announced an increase in its quarterly dividend
to $0.50 per share, representing $2.00 on an annual basis.

(5) The Company estimated forfeitures based on past experience. This rate is monitored on a periodic basis.

Performance share unit ("PSU") plan

In the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company issued 147,157 PSUs with a grant date fair value of approximately $24 million. These units attract dividend equivalents in the form of additional units based on the dividends paid on the Company's Common Shares. PSUs vest and are settled in cash, or in CP Common Shares, approximately three years after the grant date, contingent upon CP's performance ("performance factor"). The fair value of PSUs is measured periodically until settlement, using a latticed-based valuation model.

The performance period for PSUs issued in the six months ended June 30, 2016 is January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018. The performance factors for these PSUs are Operating Ratio, Return on Invested Capital, Total Shareholder Return ("TSR") compared to the S&P/TSX 60 Index, and TSR compared to Class I railways.

The performance period for the PSUs issued in the fourth quarter of 2012 and in 2013 was January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015. The performance factors for these PSUs were Operating Ratio, Free cash flow, TSR compared to the S&P/TSX 60 index, TSR compared to Class I railways. All performance factors met the 200% payout thresholds, in effect resulting in a target payout of 200% on 300,095 total outstanding awards as at December 31, 2015. A payout of $79 million on 217,179 outstanding awards occurred on December 31, 2015 and was calculated using the Company's average share price using the last 30 trading days preceding December 31, 2015. In the first quarter of 2016, final payouts occurred on the total outstanding awards, including dividends reinvested, totaling $31 million on 83,563 outstanding awards.

Deferred share unit ("DSU") plan

In the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company granted 25,050 DSUs with a grant date fair value of approximately $4 million. DSUs vest over various periods of up to 48 months and are only redeemable for a specified period after employment is terminated. An expense to income for DSUs is recognized over the vesting period for both the initial subscription price and the change in value between reporting periods.

12  Pension and other benefits

In the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company made contributions of $14 million and $34 million, respectively (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - $20 million and $41 million, respectively), to its defined benefit pension plans. The elements of net periodic benefit cost for defined benefit pension plans and other benefits recognized in the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 included the following components:




For the three months ended June 30




Pensions

Other benefits

(in millions of Canadian dollars)



2016

2015

2016

2015

Current service cost (benefits earned by
employees in the period)



$


26

$


32

$


3

$


3

Interest cost on benefit obligation




116


116


5


5

Expected return on fund assets




(211)


(212)



Recognized net actuarial loss




47


66


1


1

Amortization of prior service costs




(1)


(2)



Net periodic benefit (recovery) cost



$


(23)

$


$


9

$


9












For the six months ended June 30




Pensions

Other benefits

(in millions of Canadian dollars)



2016

2015

2016

2015

Current service cost (benefits earned by
employees in the period)



$


53

$


64

$


6

$


6

Interest cost on benefit obligation




233


231


10


10

Expected return on fund assets




(423)


(413)



Recognized net actuarial loss




95


132


2


2

Amortization of prior service costs




(3)


(3)



Net periodic benefit (recovery) cost



$


(45)

$


11

$


18

$


18

13  Contingencies

In the normal course of its operations, the Company becomes involved in various legal actions, including claims relating to injuries and damage to property. The Company maintains provisions it considers to be adequate for such actions. While the final outcome with respect to actions outstanding or pending at June 30, 2016 cannot be predicted with certainty, it is the opinion of management that their resolution will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position or results of operations.

Legal proceedings related to Lac-Mégantic rail accident

On July 6, 2013, a train carrying crude oil operated by Montreal Maine and Atlantic Railway ("MMA") and/or its subsidiary, Montreal Maine and Atlantic Canada Co. ("MMAC", and collectively with MMA, the "MMA Group") derailed and exploded in Lac-Mégantic, Quebec on a section of railway line owned by the MMA Group. The previous day CP had interchanged the train to the MMA Group, and after that interchange MMA Group exercised exclusive control over the train.

Following this incident, the Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment, Wildlife and Parks of Quebec issued an order directing certain named parties to recover the contaminants and to clean up and decontaminate the derailment site. CP was added as a named party on August 14, 2013 (the "Amended Cleanup Order"). CP has sought an administrative appeal of the Amended Cleanup Order to the Administrative Tribunal of Quebec. The proceedings before the Administrative tribunal have been stayed until September 2016. Directly related to this matter, the Province of Quebec filed a lawsuit against CP before the Quebec Superior Court on July 6, 2015 in which it claims $409 million for the damages sustained by the province as a result of the expenses incurred following the derailment, including costs incurred for the work carried out pursuant to the Amended Cleanup Order. The province alleges that CP had custody or control of the contaminants that were discharged in Lac-Mégantic on July 6, 2013, and that CP was otherwise negligent and therefore is solidarily (joint and severally) liable with the other third parties responsible for the accident. The province's lawsuit has been stayed until September 12, 2016. Also directly related to the this matter, the Quebec Minister of Sustainable Development and Environment has served a Notice of Claim on July 5, 2016 claiming nearly $95 million in compensation from CP for having to carry out the cleanup measures set out in the Amended Cleanup Order, alleging that CP had refused or neglected to carry out same. These proceedings are duplicative, in whole or in part.

A class action lawsuit has also been filed in the Superior Court of Quebec on behalf of a class of persons and entities residing in, owning or leasing property in, operating a business in or physically present in Lac-Mégantic (the "Class Action"). The lawsuit seeks damages caused by the derailment including for wrongful deaths, personal injuries, and property damages. CP was added as a defendant on August 16, 2013. On May 8, 2015, the Superior Court of Quebec authorized the institution of the Class Action as against CP and as against the shipper, Western Petroleum, and the shipper's parent, World Fuel Services (collectively, the "World Fuel Defendants"). The World Fuel Defendants have since settled. No timetable governing the conduct of this lawsuit has been ordered by the Superior Court of Quebec.

On July 4, 2016, CP was served with subrogated insurance claims brought by 8 insurers for a claimed amount of approximately $16 million. On July 11, 2016, CP was served with subrogated insurance claims brought by an additional 2 insurers for a claimed amount of approximately $3 million. These insurers have not identified in their respective lawsuit the identity of the parties to whose claims they are subrogated and thus it is difficult to determine the extent to which these claims overlap with other claims and the extent to which their claim would be satisfied after their proof of claim has been reviewed and distribution is received from the Plans of arrangements referred to below.

In the wake of the derailment and ensuing litigation, MMAC filed for bankruptcy in Canada (the "Canadian Proceeding") and MMA filed for bankruptcy in the United States (the "U.S. Proceeding"). Plans of arrangement have been approved both in the Canadian Proceeding and the U.S. Proceeding (the "Plans"). These Plans provide for the distribution of a fund of approximately $440 million amongst those who claimed loss or damage as a result of the derailment and will release those parties which contributed to the fund from any further liability. The Plans also provide for broadly worded third-party releases and injunctions that prevent actions against settling parties. CP has not participated in the settlement and hence will not benefit from any third-party releases or injunctions. In addition, both Plans contain judgment reduction provisions. Pursuant to these provisions, in the event of a judgment against CP in a case arising from the Lac-Mégantic derailment, CP will receive a credit for the greater of (i) the settlement monies received by the plaintiff(s) for the claim, or (ii) the amount which, but for the third-party non-debtor injunctions, CP would have been entitled to obtain from third parties other than MMA and MMAC through contribution or indemnification. CP may also have rights to judgment reduction, as part of the contribution/indemnification credit, for the fault of MMA and/or MMAC. The provisions of the Plans also provide for a potential re-allocation of of the MMA Group's liability among plaintiffs and CP, the only non-settling party.

An Adversary Proceeding filed by the MMA U.S. bankruptcy trustee against CP, Irving Oil and the World Fuel Defendants accuses CP of failing to ensure that World Fuel Defendants or Irving Oil properly classified the oil lading and of not refusing to ship the oil in DOT-111 tank cars. The trustee has since settled with the World Fuel Defendants and Irving Oil and now maintains that CP misfeasance is based upon the railroad's failure to abide by a Canadian regulation in North Dakota that supposedly would have caused the originating railroad to refuse to carry the crude oil based upon reason to suspect inaccurate classification. In response to CP's motion to withdraw the Adversary Proceedings from the bankruptcy reference, the trustee maintained that Canadian law rather than U.S. law controlled, and the Article III court found that if the federal regulations governed, the case was not complex enough to warrant withdrawal. In bankruptcy court CP moved to dismiss for want of personal jurisdiction, but that motion, which was heard on August 18, 2015, has been denied. Motions to dismiss on procedural grounds are pending. The trustee recently withdrew objection to the trial of the Adversary Proceedings to a jury before the Article III district court.

There are also a class action and a mass action instituted Texas and wrongful death and personal injury actions instituted in Illinois and Maine. All the various lawsuits have been removed to federal court and have since been consolidated in Maine. These actions generally charge CP with negligence in the misclassification and mis-packaging (that is the use of inappropriate DOT-111 tank cars). Motions to dismiss have been filed and heard regarding jurisdiction and venue. Decisions on CP's motions and other parties' cross-motions are pending.

CP has received two damage to cargo notices of claims from the shipper of the oil on the derailed train, Western Petroleum. Western Petroleum submitted U.S. and Canadian notices of claims for the same damages and, under the Carmack Amendment (49 U.S.C. Section 11706), seeks to recover for all injuries associated with, and indemnification for the derailment. Both jurisdictions permit a shipper to recover the value of damaged lading against any carrier in the delivery chain, subject to limitations in the carrier's tariffs. CP's tariffs significantly restrict shipper damage claim rights. Western Petroleum is part of the World Fuel Services group, and those entities settled with the trustee.

On April 12, 2016, Trustee (the "WD Trustee") of a wrongful death trust (the "WD Trust"), as defined and established under the confirmed Plan, filed an action against CP in federal court in North Dakota seeking to establish Carmack Amendment liability under 49 U.S.C. Section 11706. The WD Trustee asserts the WD Trust was assigned Carmack claim rights by the bankruptcy estate representative. The parties that settled Lac Megantic derailment liability in connection with MMA's confirmed Plan supposedly gave the bankruptcy estate representative the right to assign Carmack claims. The WD Trustee seeks to recover losses associated with the lost lading (approximately $6 million), as well as settlement amounts the consignor (i.e, the shipper, World Fuel Entities) and the consignee (Irving Oil) paid to the MMA bankruptcy estate to settle all Lac Megantic derailment claims, which are alleged to be $110 million and $60 million respectively. The WD Trustee maintains that Carmack liability extends beyond lading losses to cover all derailment related damages incurred by the World Fuel Services group or Irving Oil. CP disputes this interpretation of damages to lading law and maintains that CP's tariffs, if applicable, would preclude such a result.

At this early stage of the legal proceedings, any potential liability and the quantum of potential loss cannot be determined. Nevertheless, CP denies liability for the MMA derailment and intends to vigorously defend itself in the proceedings described above and in any proceeding that may be commenced in the future.

Legal proceedings initiated by Canadian National Railway Company

On August 13, 2015, Canadian National Railway Company ("CN") issued a statement of claim against the Company and an employee.  The statement of claim was amended on January 7, 2016 to include an additional employee and an officer of the Company. The principal allegations against the Company are that the Company obtained and benefited from certain confidential CN customer data. CN is seeking damages but has not yet provided evidence to substantiate its damages claim. The Company plans to defend this claim and the amount of loss, if any, to the Company as a result of the claim cannot be reasonably estimated.

Environmental liabilities

Environmental remediation accruals, recorded on an undiscounted basis unless a reliable, determinable estimate as to an amount and timing of costs can be established, cover site-specific remediation programs.

The accruals for environmental remediation represent CP's best estimate of its probable future obligation and include both asserted and unasserted claims, without reduction for anticipated recoveries from third parties. Although the recorded accruals include CP's best estimate of all probable costs, CP's total environmental remediation costs cannot be predicted with certainty. Accruals for environmental remediation may change from time to time as new information about previously untested sites becomes known, and as environmental laws and regulations evolve and advances are made in environmental remediation technology. The accruals may also vary as the courts decide legal proceedings against outside parties responsible for contamination. These potential charges, which cannot be quantified at this time, are not expected to be material to CP's financial position, but may materially affect income in the particular period in which a charge is recognized. Costs related to existing, but as yet unknown, or future contamination will be accrued in the period in which they become probable and reasonably estimable.

The expense included in "Purchased services and other" for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was $1 million and $2 million, respectively (three and six months ended June 30, 2015 - $3 million and $6 million, respectively). Provisions for environmental remediation costs are recorded in "Other long-term liabilities", except for the current portion which is recorded in "Accounts payable and accrued liabilities". The total amount provided at June 30, 2016 was $86 million (December 31, 2015 - $93 million). Payments are expected to be made over 10 years through 2026.

14  Condensed consolidating financial information

Canadian Pacific Railway Company, a 100%-owned subsidiary of Canadian Pacific Railway Limited ("CPRL"), is the issuer of certain debt securities, which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by CPRL. The following tables present condensed consolidating financial information ("CCFI") in accordance with Rule 3-10(c) of Regulation S-X.

Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for under the equity method when presenting the CCFI.

The tables include all adjustments necessary to reconcile the CCFI on a consolidated basis to CPRL's consolidated financial statements for the periods presented.


Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income

For the three months ended June 30, 2016


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Revenues







Freight

$

$

1,007

$

399

$

$

1,406


Non-freight

33

98

(87)

44

Total revenues

1,040

497

(87)

1,450

Operating expenses







Compensation and benefits

181

102

1

284


Fuel

103

28

131


Materials

27

8

3

38


Equipment rents

53

(9)

44


Depreciation and amortization

107

54

161


Purchased services and other

193

139

(91)

241

Total operating expenses

664

322

(87)

899

Operating income

376

175

551

Less:







Other income and charges

(4)

(12)

7

(9)


Net interest expense (income)

10

111

(6)

115

(Loss) income before income tax expense
and equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

(6)

277

174

445


Less: Income tax (recovery) expense


(6)


70


53



117


Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries


328


121



(449)


Net income

$

328

$

328

$

121

$

(449)

$

328























Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income

For the three months ended June 30, 2015


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Revenues







Freight

$

$

1,131

$

479

$

$

1,610


Non-freight

34

90

(83)

41

Total revenues

1,165

569

(83)

1,651

Operating expenses








Compensation and benefits

198

110

308


Fuel

134

51

185


Materials

35

10

45


Equipment rents

52

(6)

46


Depreciation and amortization

102

43

145


Purchased services and other

192

167

(83)

276

Total operating expenses

713

375

(83)

1,005

Operating income

452

194

646

Less:







Other income and charges

(3)

(8)

6

(5)


Net interest expense (income)

98

(14)

84

Income before income tax expense and
equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

3

362

202

567


Less: Income tax expense


2


93


82



177


Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries


389


120



(509)


Net income

$

390

$

389

$

120

$

(509)

$

390























Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income

For the six months ended June 30, 2016


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Revenues







Freight

$

$

2,104

$

850

$

$

2,954


Non-freight

66

194

(173)

87

Total revenues

2,170

1,044

(173)

3,041

Operating expenses







Compensation and benefits

382

228

3

613


Fuel

206

50

256


Materials

65

18

11

94


Equipment rents

107

(18)

89


Depreciation and amortization

214

109

323


Purchased services and other

329

320

(187)

462

Total operating expenses

1,303

707

(173)

1,837

Operating income

867

337

1,204

Less:







Other income and charges

(73)

(150)

33

(190)


Net interest expense (income)

9

242

(12)

239

Income before income tax expense and
equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

64

775

316

1,155


Less: Income tax expense


3


181


103



287


Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries


807


213



(1,020)


Net income

$

868

$

807

$

213

$

(1,020)

$

868























Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income

For the six months ended June 30, 2015


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Revenues







Freight

$

$

2,250

$

990

$

$

3,240


Non-freight

63

179

(166)

76

Total revenues

2,313

1,169

(166)

3,316

Operating expenses







Compensation and benefits

460

226

686


Fuel

295

85

380


Materials

78

19

97


Equipment rents

88

88


Depreciation and amortization

204

87

291


Purchased services and other

334

348

(166)

516

Total operating expenses

1,459

765

(166)

2,058

Operating income

854

404

1,258

Less:







Other income and charges

15

78

(25)

68


Net interest expense (income)

194

(25)

169

(Loss) income before income tax expense
and equity in net earnings of subsidiaries

(15)

582

454

1,021


Less: Income tax (recovery) expense


(2)


160


153



311


Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries


723


301



(1,024)


Net income

$

710

$

723

$

301

$

(1,024)

$

710


Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income

For the three months ended June 30, 2016


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated


Net income

$

328

$

328

$

121

$

(449)

$

328


Net gain (loss) in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

20

(17)

3


Change in derivatives designated as cash
flow hedges

(29)

(29)


Change in pension and post-retirement
defined benefit plans

41

2

43

Other comprehensive income (loss) before
income taxes

32

(15)

17


Income tax expense on above items

(5)

(2)

(7)


Equity accounted investments

10

(17)

7

Other comprehensive income (loss)

10

10

(17)

7

10

Comprehensive income

$

338

$

338

$

104

$

(442)

$

338



Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income

For the three months ended June 30, 2015


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated


Net income

$

390

$

389

$

120

$

(509)

$

390


Net gain (loss) in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

59

(52)

7


Change in derivatives designated as cash
flow hedges

36

36


Change in pension and post-retirement
defined benefit plans

64

2

66

Other comprehensive income (loss) before
income taxes

159

(50)

109


Income tax (expense) recovery on above
items

(55)

20

(35)


Equity accounted investments

74

(30)

(44)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

74

74

(30)

(44)

74

Comprehensive income

$

464

$

463

$

90

$

(553)

$

464



Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income

For the six months ended June 30, 2016


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated


Net income

$

868

$

807

$

213

$

(1,020)

$

868


Net gain (loss) in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

330

(290)

40


Change in derivatives designated as cash
flow hedges

(76)

(76)


Change in pension and post-retirement
defined benefit plans

86

4

90

Other comprehensive income (loss) before
income taxes

340

(286)

54


Income tax expense on above items

(46)

(2)

(48)


Equity accounted investments

6

(288)

282

Other comprehensive income (loss)

6

6

(288)

282

6

Comprehensive income (loss)

$

874

$

813

$

(75)

$

(738)

$

874



Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income

For the six months ended June 30, 2015


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated


Net income

$

710

$

723

$

301

$

(1,024)

$

710


Net (loss) gain in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

(298)

268

(30)


Change in derivatives designated as cash
flow hedges

(33)

(33)


Change in pension and post-retirement
defined benefit plans

134

4

138

Other comprehensive (loss) income before
income taxes

(197)

272

75


Income tax recovery (expense) on above
items

13

(2)

11


Equity accounted investments

86

270

(356)

Other comprehensive income

86

86

270

(356)

86

Comprehensive income

$

796

$

809

$

571

$

(1,380)

$

796


Interim Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets

As at June 30, 2016


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Assets






Current assets







Cash and cash equivalents

$

$

47

$

45

$

$

92


Accounts receivable, net

406

171

577


Accounts receivable, inter-company

78

80

159

(317)


Short-term advances to affiliates

470

3,758

(4,228)


Materials and supplies

164

31

195


Other current assets

49

10

59


78

1,216

4,174

(4,545)

923

Long-term advances to affiliates

501

88

(589)

Investments

26

129

155

Investments in subsidiaries

8,217

9,753

(17,970)

Properties

8,560

7,600

16,160

Goodwill and intangible assets

195

195

Pension asset

1,565

1,565

Other assets

50

20

70

Deferred income taxes

14

(14)

Total assets

$

8,810

$

21,170

$

12,206

$

(23,118)

$

19,068

Liabilities and shareholders' equity






Current liabilities







Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

$

156

$

804

$

287

$

$

1,247


Accounts payable, inter-company

3

235

79

(317)


Short-term advances from affiliates

3,960

247

21

(4,228)


Long-term debt maturing within one year

198

198


4,119

1,484

387

(4,545)

1,445

Pension and other benefit liabilities

675

76

751

Long-term advances from affiliates

589

(589)

Other long-term liabilities

159

127

286

Long-term debt

8,323

60

8,383

Deferred income taxes

1,723

1,803

(14)

3,512

Total liabilities

4,119

12,953

2,453

(5,148)

14,377

Shareholders' equity







Share capital

2,000

1,037

5,808

(6,845)

2,000


Additional paid-in capital

49

1,630

418

(2,048)

49


Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

(1,471)

(1,471)

548

923

(1,471)


Retained earnings

4,113

7,021

2,979

(10,000)

4,113


4,691

8,217

9,753

(17,970)

4,691

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

8,810

$

21,170

$

12,206

$

(23,118)

$

19,068



Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets

As at December 31, 2015


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Assets






Current assets







Cash and cash equivalents

$

$

502

$

148

$

$

650


Accounts receivable, net

452

193

645


Accounts receivable, inter-company

59

105

265

(429)


Short-term advances to affiliates

75

3,483

(3,558)


Materials and supplies

154

34

188


Other current assets

37

17

54


59

1,325

4,140

(3,987)

1,537

Long-term advances to affiliates

501

207

376

(1,084)

Investments

22

130

152

Investments in subsidiaries

7,518

9,832

(17,350)

Properties

8,481

7,792

16,273

Goodwill and intangible assets

3

208

211

Pension asset

1,401

1,401

Other assets

55

8

63

Deferred income taxes

25

(25)

Total assets

$

8,103

$

21,326

$

12,654

$

(22,446)

$

19,637

Liabilities and shareholders' equity






Current liabilities







Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

$

54

$

1,122

$

241

$

$

1,417


Accounts payable, inter-company

325

104

(429)


Short-term advances from affiliates

3,253

230

75

(3,558)


Long-term debt maturing within one year

24

6

30


3,307

1,701

426

(3,987)

1,447

Pension and other benefit liabilities

676

82

758

Long-term advances from affiliates

877

207

(1,084)

Other long-term liabilities

186

132

318

Long-term debt

8,863

64

8,927

Deferred income taxes

1,505

1,911

(25)

3,391

Total liabilities

3,307

13,808

2,822

(5,096)

14,841

Shareholders' equity







Share capital

2,058

1,037

5,465

(6,502)

2,058


Additional paid-in capital

43

1,568

613

(2,181)

43


Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

(1,477)

(1,477)

840

637

(1,477)


Retained earnings

4,172

6,390

2,914

(9,304)

4,172


4,796

7,518

9,832

(17,350)

4,796

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

8,103

$

21,326

$

12,654

$

(22,446)

$

19,637


Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Cash Flows

For the three months ended June 30, 2016


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Cash provided by operating activities

$

75

$

374

$

219

$

(156)

$

512

Investing activities







Additions to properties

(206)

(124)

(330)


Proceeds from sale of properties and other assets

11

11


Advances to affiliates

(482)

(285)

767


Repayment of advances to affiliates

208

(208)


Capital contributions to affiliates

(348)

348


Other

(2)

(2)

Cash used in investing activities

(817)

(411)

907

(321)

Financing activities







Dividends paid

(53)

(53)

(103)

156

(53)


Issuance of share capital

348

(348)


Issuance of CP Common Shares

4

4


Purchase of CP Common Shares

(788)

(788)


Repayment of long-term debt, excluding
commercial paper

(7)

(7)


Net issuance of commercial paper

176

176


Advances from affiliates

762

5

(767)


Repayment of advances from affiliates

(208)

208


Other financing activities

(1)

(1)

Cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(75)

115

42

(751)

(669)

Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S.
dollar-denominated cash and cash equivalents

(1)

(1)

Cash position







Decrease in cash and cash equivalents



(329)


(150)



(479)


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period



376


195



571

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

$

47

$

45

$

$

92























Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Cash Flows

For the three months ended June 30, 2015


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Cash provided by operating activities

$

59

$

525

$

143

$

(142)

$

585

Investing activities







Additions to properties

(210)


(145)

(355)


Proceeds from sale of properties and other assets

8


8


Advances to affiliates

(500)

(633)


(500)

1,633


Capital contributions to affiliates

(500)


500


Other

(6)


(1)

(7)

Cash used in investing activities

(500)

(1,341)


(646)

2,133

(354)

Financing activities









Dividends paid

(57)

(57)

(85)

142

(57)


Issuance of share capital

500

(500)


Issuance of CP Common Shares

11

11


Purchase of CP Common Shares

(543)

(543)


Repayment of long-term debt, excluding
commercial paper

(9)

(9)


Net issuance of commercial paper

369

369


Advances from affiliates

1,030

500

103

(1,633)

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

441

803

518

(1,991)

(229)

Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S.
dollar-denominated cash and cash equivalents

(1)



(1)

Cash position







(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents



(14)


15



1


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period



153


31



184

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

$

139

$

46

$

$

185























Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Cash Flows

For the six months ended June 30, 2016


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Cash provided by operating activities

$

98

$

425

$

417

$

(210)

$

730

Investing activities







Additions to properties

(338)

(270)

(608)


Proceeds from sale of properties and other assets

68

3

71


Advances to affiliates

(517)

(285)

802


Repayment of advances to affiliates

208

(208)


Capital contributions to affiliates

(357)

357


Repurchase of share capital from affiliates

6

(6)


Other

(2)

(2)

Cash used in investing activities

(930)

(554)

945

(539)

Financing activities







Dividends paid

(107)

(107)

(103)

210

(107)


Return of share capital to affiliates

(6)

6


Issuance of share capital

357

(357)


Issuance of CP Common Shares

9

9


Purchase of CP Common Shares

(788)

(788)


Repayment of long-term debt, excluding
commercial paper

(11)

(7)

(18)


Net issuance of commercial paper

176

176


Advances from affiliates

788

14

(802)


Repayment of advances from affiliates

(208)

208


Other financing activities

(3)

(3)

Cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(98)

55

47

(735)

(731)

Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S.
dollar-denominated cash and cash equivalents

(5)

(13)

(18)

Cash position







Decrease in cash and cash equivalents



(455)


(103)



(558)


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period



502


148



650

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

$

47

$

45

$

$

92























Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Cash Flows

For the six months ended June 30, 2015


(in millions of Canadian dollars)

CPRL (Parent
Guarantor)

CPRC
(Subsidiary
Issuer)

Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries

Consolidating
Adjustments and
Eliminations

CPRL
Consolidated

Cash provided by operating activities

$

115

$

824

$

416

$

(215)

$

1,140

Investing activities







Additions to properties

(303)

(315)

(618)


Proceeds from sale of properties and other assets

59

1

60


Advances to affiliates

(500)

(936)

(729)

2,165


Capital contributions to affiliates

(617)

617


Other

14

(1)

13

Cash used in investing activities

(500)

(1,783)

(1,044)

2,782

(545)

Financing activities







Dividends paid

(115)

(115)

(100)

215

(115)


Issuance of share capital

617

(617)


Issuance of CP Common Shares

27

27


Purchase of CP Common Shares

(1,072)

(1,072)


Issuance of long-term debt, excluding
commercial paper

810

810


Repayment of long-term debt, excluding
commercial paper

(24)

(43)

(67)


Net repayment of commercial paper

(224)

(224)


Advances from affiliates

1,545

500

120

(2,165)

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

385

947

594

(2,567)

(641)

Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S.
dollar-denominated cash and cash equivalents

(1)

6

5

Cash position







Decrease in cash and cash equivalents



(13)


(28)



(41)


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period



152


74



226

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

$

139

$

46

$

$

185

Summary of Rail Data






Second Quarter


Year-to-date

Financial (millions, except per share data)

2016

2015

Change

%


2016

2015

Change

%











Revenues











Freight

$

1,406

$

1,610

$

(204)

(13)


$

2,954

$

3,240

$

(286)

(9)


Non-freight

44

41

3

7


87

76

11

14

Total revenues

1,450

1,651

(201)

(12)


3,041

3,316

(275)

(8)











Operating expenses











Compensation and benefits

284

308

(24)

(8)


613

686

(73)

(11)


Fuel

131

185

(54)

(29)


256

380

(124)

(33)


Materials

38

45

(7)

(16)


94

97

(3)

(3)


Equipment rents

44

46

(2)

(4)


89

88

1

1


Depreciation and amortization

161

145

16

11


323

291

32

11


Purchased services and other

241

276

(35)

(13)


462

516

(54)

(10)

Total operating expenses

899

1,005

(106)

(11)


1,837

2,058

(221)

(11)











Operating income

551

646

(95)

(15)


1,204

1,258

(54)

(4)











Less:





















Other income and charges

(9)

(5)

(4)

80


(190)

68

(258)

(379)


Net interest expense

115

84

31

37


239

169

70

41











Income before income tax expense

445

567

(122)

(22)


1,155

1,021

134

13












Income tax expense

117

177

(60)

(34)


287

311

(24)

(8)











Net income

$

328

$

390

$

(62)

(16)


$

868

$

710

$

158

22

Operating ratio (%)

62.0

60.9

1.1

110 bps


60.4

62.1

(1.7)

(170) bps













Basic earnings per share

$

2.16

$

2.38

$

(0.22)

(9)


$

5.70

$

4.32

$

1.38

32


















Diluted earnings per share

$

2.15

$

2.36

$

(0.21)

(9)


$

5.67

$

4.28

$

1.39

32











Shares Outstanding











Weighted average number of shares
outstanding (millions)

151.7

163.7

(12.0)

(7)


152.3

164.3

(12.0)

(7)


Weighted average number of diluted
shares outstanding (millions)

152.6

165.0

(12.4)

(8)


153.2

165.7

(12.5)

(8)











Foreign Exchange











Average foreign exchange rate
(US$/Canadian$)

0.78

0.81

(0.03)

(4)


0.75

0.81

(0.06)

(7)


Average foreign exchange rate
(Canadian$/US$)

1.29

1.23

0.06

5


1.34

1.23

0.11

9























Summary of Rail Data






Second Quarter


Year-to-date


2016

2015

Change

%


2016

2015

Change

%











Commodity Data




















Freight Revenues (millions)











- Canadian Grain

$

201

$

255

$

(54)

(21)


$

455

$

511

$

(56)

(11)


- U.S. Grain

101

106

(5)

(5)


214

243

(29)

(12)


- Coal

149

167

(18)

(11)


294

327

(33)

(10)


- Potash

79

106

(27)

(25)


161

199

(38)

(19)


- Fertilizers and sulphur

73

67

6

9


154

138

16

12


- Forest products

70

61

9

15


141

118

23

19


- Chemicals and plastics

162

171

(9)

(5)


356

349

7

2


- Crude

24

81

(57)

(70)


95

179

(84)

(47)


- Metals, minerals, and consumer products

140

160

(20)

(13)


273

319

(46)

(14)


- Automotive

93

91

2

2


184

173

11

6


- Domestic intermodal

177

192

(15)

(8)


348

386

(38)

(10)


- International intermodal

137

153

(16)

(10)


279

298

(19)

(6)











Total Freight Revenues

$

1,406

$

1,610

$

(204)

(13)


$

2,954

$

3,240

$

(286)

(9)











Millions of Revenue Ton-Miles (RTM)











- Canadian Grain

5,727

6,622

(895)

(14)


12,668

13,027

(359)

(3)


- U.S. Grain

2,242

2,184

58

3


4,556

5,128

(572)

(11)


- Coal

5,394

5,894

(500)

(8)


10,742

11,598

(856)

(7)


- Potash

3,497

4,514

(1,017)

(23)


6,682

8,189

(1,507)

(18)


- Fertilizers and sulphur

1,019

935

84

9


2,186

2,050

136

7


- Forest products

1,245

1,061

184

17


2,402

2,080

322

15


- Chemicals and plastics

3,348

3,423

(75)

(2)


7,010

6,993

17


- Crude

854

2,796

(1,942)

(69)


3,314

5,828

(2,514)

(43)


- Metals, minerals and consumer products

2,089

2,172

(83)

(4)


3,896

4,455

(559)

(13)


- Automotive

495

496

(1)


912

915

(3)


- Domestic intermodal

2,996

3,063

(67)

(2)


5,843

6,087

(244)

(4)


- International intermodal

3,185

3,121

64

2


6,215

5,994

221

4












Total RTMs

32,091

36,281

(4,190)

(12)


66,426

72,344

(5,918)

(8)











Freight Revenue per RTM (cents)











- Canadian Grain

3.51

3.86

(0.35)

(9)


3.60

3.92

(0.32)

(8)


- U.S. Grain

4.51

4.85

(0.34)

(7)


4.71

4.74

(0.03)

(1)


- Coal

2.76

2.83

(0.07)

(2)


2.73

2.82

(0.09)

(3)


- Potash

2.27

2.34

(0.07)

(3)


2.42

2.43

(0.01)


- Fertilizers and sulphur

7.16

7.12

0.04

1


7.04

6.73

0.31

5


- Forest products

5.59

5.73

(0.14)

(2)


5.87

5.69

0.18

3


- Chemicals and plastics

4.84

4.99

(0.15)

(3)


5.08

4.99

0.09

2


- Crude

2.83

2.92

(0.09)

(3)


2.87

3.09

(0.22)

(7)


- Metals, minerals and consumer products

6.68

7.37

(0.69)

(9)


7.00

7.15

(0.15)

(2)


- Automotive

18.79

18.37

0.42

2


20.15

18.89

1.26

7


- Domestic intermodal

5.91

6.26

(0.35)

(6)


5.95

6.35

(0.40)

(6)


- International intermodal

4.31

4.90

(0.59)

(12)


4.49

4.97

(0.48)

(10)











Total Freight Revenue per RTM

4.38

4.44

(0.06)

(1)


4.45

4.48

(0.03)

(1)





















Summary of Rail Data






Second Quarter


Year-to-date


2016

2015

Change

%


2016

2015

Change

%











Carloads (thousands)











- Canadian Grain

64

72

(8)

(11)


130

133

(3)

(2)


- U.S. Grain

35

33

2

6


69

73

(4)

(5)


- Coal

75

84

(9)

(11)


147

166

(19)

(11)


- Potash

28

37

(9)

(24)


55

68

(13)

(19)


- Fertilizers and sulphur

15

15


31

32

(1)

(3)


- Forest products

17

15

2

13


34

30

4

13


- Chemicals and plastics

49

51

(2)

(4)


103

102

1

1


- Crude

7

19

(12)

(63)


24

41

(17)

(41)


- Metals, minerals and consumer products

50

54

(4)

(7)


95

109

(14)

(13)


- Automotive

35

36

(1)

(3)


68

66

2

3


- Domestic intermodal

106

106


204

209

(5)

(2)


- International intermodal

133

146

(13)

(9)


268

281

(13)

(5)











Total Carloads

614

668

(54)

(8)


1,228

1,310

(82)

(6)











Freight Revenue per Carload











- Canadian Grain

$

3,153

$

3,546

$

(393)

(11)


$

3,513

$

3,852

$

(339)

(9)


- U.S. Grain

2,946

3,187

(241)

(8)


3,109

3,308

(199)

(6)


- Coal

2,001

1,996

5


2,001

1,968

33

2


- Potash

2,800

2,854

(54)

(2)


2,928

2,933

(5)


- Fertilizers and sulphur

4,981

4,508

473

10


4,987

4,381

606

14


- Forest products

4,055

3,902

153

4


4,135

3,880

255

7


- Chemicals and plastics

3,266

3,354

(88)

(3)


3,443

3,427

16


- Crude

3,248

4,294

(1,046)

(24)


3,927

4,404

(477)

(11)


- Metals, minerals and consumer products

2,800

2,946

(146)

(5)


2,884

2,911

(27)

(1)


- Automotive

2,629

2,541

88

3


2,689

2,610

79

3


- Domestic intermodal

1,668

1,812

(144)

(8)


1,701

1,852

(151)

(8)


- International intermodal

1,034

1,047

(13)

(1)


1,042

1,058

(16)

(2)











Total Freight Revenue per Carload

$

2,291

$

2,409

$

(118)

(5)


$

2,405

$

2,473

$

(68)

(3)

































Summary of Rail Data






Second Quarter


Year-to-date


2016

2015 (1)

Change

%


2016

2015 (1)

Change

%











Operations Performance




















Gross ton-miles ("GTMs") (millions)

57,460

66,598

(9,138)

(14)


119,432

132,682

(13,250)

(10)

Train miles (thousands)

7,291

8,705

(1,414)

(16)


15,155

17,340

(2,185)

(13)

Average train weight - excluding local traffic (tons)

8,540

8,253

287

3


8,518

8,218

300

4

Average train length - excluding local traffic (feet)

7,275

6,989

286

4


7,188

6,881

307

4

Average terminal dwell (hours)

6.5

6.7

(0.2)

(3)


6.7

8.6

(1.9)

(22)

Average train speed (mph)(2)

24.1

21.7

2.4

11


23.7

20.5

3.2

16

Fuel efficiency(3)

0.979

0.993

(0.014)

(1)


0.989

1.020

(0.031)

(3)

U.S. gallons of locomotive fuel consumed (millions)(4)

55.8

65.5

(9.7)

(15)


117.3

133.4

(16.1)

(12)

Average fuel price (U.S. dollars per U.S. gallon)

1.82

2.30

(0.48)

(21)


1.64

2.31

(0.67)

(29)











Total employees (average)(5)

12,341

14,195

(1,854)

(13)


12,387

14,280

(1,893)

(13)

Total employees (end of period)(5)

11,988

14,071

(2,083)

(15)


11,988

14,071

(2,083)

(15)

Workforce (end of period)(6)

12,033

14,128

(2,095)

(15)


12,033

14,128

(2,095)

(15)











Safety




















FRA personal injuries per 200,000 employee-hours

1.30

1.44

(0.14)

(10)


1.37

1.74

(0.37)

(21)

FRA train accidents per million train miles

0.50

1.35

(0.85)

(63)


0.72

1.41

(0.69)

(49)

(1)    

Certain figures have been revised to conform with current presentation or have been updated to reflect new information.

(2)    

Incorporates a new reporting definition where average train speed measures the line-haul movement from origin to destination including terminal dwell hours, and excluding foreign railroad and customer delays.

(3)    

Fuel efficiency is defined as U.S. gallons of locomotive fuel consumed per 1,000 GTMs – freight and yard.

(4)    

Includes gallons of fuel consumed from freight, yard and commuter service but excludes fuel used in capital projects and other non-freight activities.

(5)    

An employee is defined as an individual currently engaged in full-time or part-time employment with CP.

(6)    

Workforce is defined as total employees plus contractors and consultants.

Non-GAAP Measures - Unaudited

The Company presents non-GAAP measures and cash flow information to provide a basis for evaluating underlying earnings and liquidity trends in the Company's business that can be compared with the results of operations in prior periods. In addition, these non-GAAP measures facilitate a multi-period assessment of long-term profitability allowing management and other external users of the Company's consolidated financial information to compare profitability on a long-term basis, including assessing future profitability, with that of the Company's peers.

These non-GAAP measures have no standardized meaning and are not defined by GAAP and, therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The presentation of these non-GAAP measures is not intended to be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, or as superior to, the financial information presented in accordance with GAAP.

Adjusted Performance Measures
The Company uses Adjusted income and Adjusted diluted earnings per share to evaluate the Company's operating performance and for planning and forecasting future business operations and future profitability. These non-GAAP measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding operating results because they exclude certain significant items that are not considered indicative of future financial trends either by nature or amount. As a result, these items are excluded for management assessment of operational performance, allocation of resources and preparation of annual budgets. These significant items may include, but are not limited to, restructuring and asset impairment charges, individually significant gains and losses from sales of assets and certain items outside the control of management. These items may not be non-recurring. However, excluding these significant items from GAAP results allows for a consistent understanding of the Company's consolidated financial performance when performing a multi-period assessment including assessing the likelihood of future results. Accordingly, these non-GAAP financial measures may provide insight to investors and other external users of the Company's consolidated financial information.

Significant items that impacted reported earnings for the first six months of 2016 and 2015 include:

2016:

  • during the first six months, a non-cash gain of $199 million ($172 million after deferred tax) due to FX translation of the Company's U.S. dollar-denominated debt:
    • in the second quarter, an $18 million gain ($16 million after deferred tax); and
    • in the first quarter, a $181 million gain ($156 million after deferred tax).

2015:

  • in the second quarter, a deferred income tax expense of $23 million as a result of the change in the Alberta provincial corporate income tax rate; and
  • during the first six months, a net non-cash loss of $54 million ($46 million after deferred tax) due to FX translation of the Company's U.S. dollar-denominated debt:
    • in the second quarter, a $10 million gain ($9 million after deferred tax); and
    • in the first quarter, a $64 million loss ($55 million after deferred tax).

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP measures to GAAP measures
The following tables reconcile Adjusted income and Adjusted diluted earnings per share to Net income and Diluted earnings per share, respectively.




For the three months

For the six months

Net income



ended June 30

ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)



2016

2015

2016

2015

Adjusted income



$

312

$

404

$

696

$

779

Add significant items, net of tax:








Impact of FX translation on U.S. dollar-denominated debt




16


9


172


(46)


Income tax rate change





(23)



(23)

Net income as reported



$

328

$

390

$

868

$

710














For the three months

For the six months

Diluted earnings per share



ended June 30

ended June 30




2016

2015

2016

2015

Adjusted diluted earnings per share



$

2.05

$

2.45

$

4.55

$

4.70

Add significant items:








Impact of FX translation on U.S. dollar-denominated debt




0.10


0.05


1.12


(0.28)


Income tax rate change





(0.14)



(0.14)

Diluted earnings per share as reported



$

2.15

$

2.36

$

5.67

$

4.28

Free Cash
Free cash is calculated as Cash provided by operating activities, less Cash used in investing activities and Dividends paid, adjusted for changes in cash and cash equivalents balances resulting from FX fluctuations. Free cash is a measure that management considers to be an indicator of liquidity. Free cash is useful to investors and other external users of the consolidated financial information as it assists with the evaluation of the Company's ability to generate cash from its operations without incurring additional external financing. Positive Free cash indicates the amount of cash available for reinvestment in the business, or cash that can be returned to investors through increased dividends, stock repurchase programs, debt retirements or a combination of these. Conversely, negative Free cash indicates the amount of cash that must be raised from investors through new debt or equity issues, reduction in available cash balances or a combination of these. Free cash should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, Cash provided by operating activities.

Reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities to free cash



For the three months

For the six months



ended June 30

ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)


2016

2015

2016

2015

Cash provided by operating activities


$

512

$

585

$

730

$

1,140

Cash used in investing activities


(321)

(354)

(539)

(545)

Dividends paid


(53)

(57)

(107)

(115)

Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S. dollar-
denominated cash and cash equivalents


(1)

(1)

(18)

5

Free cash


$

137

$

173

$

66

$

485

Foreign Exchange Adjusted Variance
Foreign exchange adjusted variance allows certain financial results to be viewed without the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, thereby facilitating period-to-period comparisons in the analysis of trends in business performance. Financial results at constant currency are obtained by translating the comparable period of the prior year results denominated in U.S. dollars at the foreign exchange rates of the current period. Measures at constant currency are considered non-GAAP measures and do not have any standardized meanings prescribed by GAAP and, therefore, are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.



For the three months ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)


Reported

2016

Reported

2015

Variance
due to FX

Adjusted
2015(1)

FX Adj. %(1)

Freight revenues


$

1,406

$

1,610

$

40

$

1,650

(15)%

Non-freight revenues


44

41

41

7%

Total revenues


1,450

1,651

40

1,691

(14)%

Total operating expenses


899

1,005

23

1,028

13%

Operating income


$

551

$

646

$

17

$

663

(17)%

(1) These earnings measures have no standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and, therefore, are unlikely to be comparable
to similar measures presented by other companies.



For the six months ended June 30

(in millions of Canadian dollars)


Reported
2016

Reported
2015

Variance
due to FX

Adjusted
2015(1)

FX Adj. %(1)

Freight revenues


$

2,954

$

3,240

$

147

$

3,387

(13)%

Non-freight revenues


87

76

1

77

13%

Total revenues


3,041

3,316

148

3,464

(12)%

Total operating expenses


1,837

2,058

77

2,135

(14)%

Operating income


$

1,204

$

1,258

$

71

$

1,329

(9)%

(1) These earnings measures have no standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and, therefore, are unlikely to be comparable
to similar measures presented by other companies.

SOURCE Canadian Pacific

For further information: Contacts: Media: Jeremy Berry, 24/7 Media Pager: 855-242-3674, jeremy_berry@cpr.ca; Investment Community: Nadeem Velani, 403-319-3591, investor@cpr.ca

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