MIT leapfrogs Cambridge and Harvard as world's number one university
Top 700 www.topuniversities.com
LONDON, Sept. 10, 2012 /CNW/ -
UK: Cambridge (2), UCL (4), Oxford (5) and Imperial (6) make the top ten;
Australia: ANU (24) widens gap with Melbourne (36)
Canada: Toronto (19) joins McGill (18) in top 20 for first time
Asia: HKU (23) leads NUS (25) and Tokyo (30); no Indian university in top
200 while China has two in top 50: Peking (44) and Tsinghua (48) and other five in top
Europe: top nine French universities fall; still no German university in top
50 despite Excellence Initiative;
Switzerland: ETH Zurich (13) leads EPFL (29): seven universities in top 150
Latin America: USP (139) leads UNAM (146) and PUC (195); 42 total in top 700
Middle East: Top six all improve, led by King Saud (197) and KFUPM (208), 23 in top
Cambridge is once again home to the world's number one university. Yet
this year the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, not the UK's
second-placed Cambridge University, takes the crown for the first time.
The Cambridge, Massachusetts-based research powerhouse is propelled to
the top spot by its superior citation rates and student/faculty ratio,
alongside an increase in international faculty.
Neighboring Harvard University slips to third, having topped the table
every year between 2004 and 2009. In contrast, MIT has risen steadily
up the rankings from 10th in 2007.
"The rise of MIT coincides with a global shift in emphasis toward
science and technology", says QS head of research Ben Sowter. "MIT
perfects a blueprint that is now being followed by a new wave of
cutting-edge tech-focused institutions, especially in Asia".
Nine of the top 10 tech-focused universities improve their position, led
by MIT, Imperial College (6), Caltech (10) and ETH Zurich (13). Korea's
KAIST (63) is the biggest riser in the top 100, while Hong Kong's HKUST
(33) and Singapore's Nanyang Technological University (47) continue
their rapid ascent. Both were founded in the last 21 years.
A record 72 countries are featured in the top 700, following a rapid
acceleration in international mobility. The top 100 universities
average nearly 10% more international students than in 2011, the
biggest single-year increase in the rankings' nine-year history.
Sowter states: "The unprecedented acceleration in international
recruitment reflects an escalating global battle for talent. 120,000
more international students were reported by the top 500 universities
this year. Total number of international students now exceeds 4.1
SOURCE: QS Quacquarelli Symonds
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