World Vision paints broad picture of child miners doing this 3D work -
dirty, dangerous and degrading
MISSISSAUGA, ON, May 22, 2013 /CNW/ - Today, World Vision released Five Things You Need to Know About Children and Mining as a complementary resource for their new report about children working
as artisanal miners in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Child Miners Speak. While the main report offers insight into the dirty, dangerous and
degrading lives of children working at an artisanal copper and cobalt
mine, Five Things You Need to Know About Children and Mining paints a broad picture of this horrendous form of child labour.
Five Things You Need to Know About Children and Mining
Children are miners, too. An estimated 1 million children are working as miners worldwide. They
work in Africa, Asia-Pacific, South and Central America and Europe,
mining everything from gold to gravel. Most of the time they work as
"artisanal miners", which means they use their hands and tools to
collect raw materials and extract minerals.
It's dirty. Artisanal mining has immediate and long-term effects on a child's
health. In World Vision's recent research conducted among workers at an
informal mine site in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), 67 per
cent of children experienced frequent or persistent coughing and girls
who were working waist-deep in acidic water reported experiencing
genital infections. Minerals mined are often hazardous not only to the
child miner's health, but also that of the wider community. Cobalt, for
example, can damage the heart, thyroid and lungs. It's especially risky
for children because:
It's dangerous. Artisanal mining leads as one of the most hazardous industries for
child labour. Mine sites often have deep holes which children can fall
into. Because children are small, they are often chosen to dig in tight
tunnels and underground galleries where cave-ins can happen. Children
can slip down steep slopes at mine sites while carrying heavy loads.
They can drown in bodies of water around the mine sites. There's also
the back-breaking work -- World Vision's DRC study found that 87 per
cent of children interviewed experienced body pain and many had been
injured. In the same study, 19 per cent of the children said they had
seen a child die on an artisanal mining site.
Children absorb and retain heavy metals in the brain more easily.
Children's enzyme systems are still developing so are less able to
detoxify hazardous substances.
Children breathe faster and more deeply, so can inhale more airborne
pathogens and dusts.
Children dehydrate more easily due to their larger skin surface and
because of their faster breathing.
Children's endocrine system (which plays a key role in growth and
development) can be disrupted by chemicals. (Source: ILO)
It's degrading. Children - boys and girls - as young as six years old are exploited on
mine sites. They are usually paid less than adult workers, and have
virtually no rights. They work long hours, with few breaks or time to
play. Some work alongside their parents, but too many are alone,
unprotected and abused.
It's wrong. Almost all countries of the world have signed the Convention on the
Rights of the Child. That convention recognizes the right of children
to be protected from economic exploitation. It also says children must
be protected from any work that interferes with their education or is
harmful to their health or development. Governments have a duty to
provide such protection to children and businesses have a
responsibility to ensure their operations don't harm them.
Photos of child miners in DRC
Child Miners Speak report news release
A Tale of Two Children case study of two children
World Vision is a Christian relief, development and advocacy
organization dedicated to working with children, families and
communities to overcome poverty and injustice. World Vision serves all
people regardless of religion, race, ethnicity or gender. Visit our
News Centre at worldvision.ca
SOURCE: World Vision Canada
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