Understanding the route from gateway to doorway

    OTTAWA, June 2 /CNW Telbec/ - A sociologist from York University has
received a research grant from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)
to track the patterns of relocation of immigrants within Canada, and determine
the effects of these patterns on homeownership.
    Dr. Ann Kim is a winner of one of 18 research projects funded under
CMHC's External Research Program (ERP) in 2008. The goal of this program is to
support the work of housing researchers across Canada to improve the quality
of housing for Canadians. Dr. Kim is one of three ERP grant recipients in the
Toronto area including Dr. Joan Nandlal from the Centre for Addiction and
Mental Health and Uzo Anucha from York University.
    Dr. Kim explains that her work focuses on a gap in current research:
"Despite interest in the internal migration of immigrants, there is a lack of
attention on their moves within city or town limits, and the processes
associated with homeownership."
    Studies have shown that initially immigrants usually move to "gateway"
cites such as Toronto, Vancouver or Montreal with large ethnic enclaves.
Building on this research, Dr. Kim wants to understand their patterns of
migration afterward, as compared to Canadian-born citizens.
    Using detailed Statistics Canada Census data, she will track patterns of
movement to help identify reasons why immigrants live in certain cities and
whether those choices present barriers to homeownership.
    Dr. Kim says that one potential barrier is access to information about
housing and where they can go for financial support. Usually, immigrants get
information from people they know, and they may have limited information about
housing markets and neighbourhoods in other cities.
    Another barrier is that some immigrants who want to remain in gateway
cities, particularly Toronto and Vancouver, might not be able to afford homes
    Dr. Kim predicts that the results of her research will be useful to a
host of stakeholders, including city planners, government services and the
private sector.
    "A lot of cities are concerned about how to attract or retain people and
their skills in their regions and my research will provide direction on how to
market to immigrants," Dr. Kim says. Also, a lot of immigrants become
self-employed - but is there room in their local economies for small business?
Municipal governments could encourage this through loans or tax incentives."
    Dr. Kim expects her research to lead to future studies, such as how
condominium arrangements could encourage homeownership among immigrants, or
why more immigrants are now moving to non-gateway cities.

    About CMHC

    CMHC has been Canada's national housing agency for more than 60 years.
CMHC is committed to helping Canadians access a wide choice of quality,
affordable homes, while making vibrant, healthy communities and cities a
reality across the country. Results of a wide range of housing research
sponsored by CMHC may be obtained by calling 1-800-668-2642 or by visiting the
CMHC Web site at www.cmhc.ca

For further information:

For further information: Julie Girard, (613) 748-4684

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