Ottawa urged to encourage reinvestment in urban cores and rental housing

    OTTAWA, Jan. 31 /CNW Telbec/ - Three national associations whose members
are central to the investment, management, purchase and sale of real property
are calling on the federal government to change capital gains tax policy in
the 2008 federal budget to encourage reinvestment. The members of the three
associations generate hundreds of billions of dollars of economic activity
    The policy change proposed by The Canadian Real Estate Association
(CREA), the Canadian Federation of Apartment Associations (CFAA) and the Real
Property Association of Canada (REALpac) would support urban regeneration and
expand rental housing in Canada by encouraging new investors, and by providing
existing owners the opportunity to re-invest because of capital gains
    The three Associations have completed new research to support the
proposal to allow the deferral of capital gains tax and recaptured capital
cost allowance when an investment property is sold and the proceeds of the
sale are reinvested in another property within a year.
    The research shows that the first-year cost of implementing the proposal
would be $415 million, not taking into account offsets from increased economic
activity. The group of taxpayers who would benefit most from the change would
be those with net incomes of $50,000 or less. The research also shows current
tax policy creates a negative "lock-in effect" so investors hold onto old
assets to avoid having to pay tax, rather than selling and reinvesting in new
    CREA Chief Executive Officer Pierre Beauchamp said the new research
confirms the investment impact of the tax deferral proposal. "The deferral
would trigger major economic activity that would far outweigh costs to the
treasury in the long-term," he said. "Small-scale investors typically renovate
property and make related purchases when they reinvest."
    CFAA President John Dickie said the proposal would reduce the cost of
rental housing and improve affordability and housing supply. "Tax policy has
discouraged the private sector from building and maintaining rental housing,"
he said. "Renters will benefit from a larger supply of units and lower rents."
    REALpac Chief Executive Officer Michael Brooks pointed out that the
proposal is for a tax deferral rather than a tax reduction. "No capital gain
is actually realized when one asset is sold and another of equal value is
purchased," he said. "The sale of an asset without reinvestment would continue
to be taxable."
    The new research was completed by two leading academics: Dr. Thomas
Wilson, Senior Advisor at the University of Toronto's Institute for Policy
Analysis, and Prof. James McKellar, Academic Director of the Real Property
Program at York University's Schulich School of Business.
    Dr. Wilson used tabulations compiled by Statistics Canada with tax
returns reporting capital gains for 2005. He conducted separate studies for
capital gains tax and the recapture of capital cost allowance for individuals
and corporations. The cost of lost tax revenues from individuals, small
businesses and other corporations would be about $258 million. The cost of
deferring the recapture would be $157 million, for a potential first-year
total cost of $415 million. These figures do not include offsetting benefits
from spin-off activities that would grow over time.
    Using the same data, Dr. Wilson found that about 66 per cent of those
reporting real property gains in the 2005 taxation year had net incomes of
$50,000 or less. They realized capital gains of $3.8 billion or about 57 per
cent of the dollar value of all capital gains.
    Prof. McKellar also looked into what is known as the "lock-in effect".
His analysis shows taxes applied to capital gains only at the time of sale can
trap capital in inefficient investments when it could be used more
productively elsewhere. Those most affected are small-scale investors,
including owners of rental housing, who tend to retain real property holdings
to avoid tax consequences. The lock-in effect can be readily seen in
underutilized and often boarded-up buildings in deteriorating urban cores
throughout the country.
    The complete capital gains re-investment study is available in PDF format
for download from the web site of The Canadian Real Estate Association
    The Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) is one of Canada's largest
single industry associations, representing 94,000 REALTOR(R) members who are
active in all phases of the real estate industry. The membership includes the
Canadian Commercial Council, whose 6,000 members specialize in industrial,
commercial and institutional properties.
    The Canadian Federation of Apartment Associations (CFAA) represents the
owners and managers of close to one million residential rental units in Canada
through 17 organizations across Canada. CFAA is the sole national organization
representing the interests of Canada's $37 billion rental housing industry,
which houses almost four million Canadian households.

    REALpac is Canada's premier industry association for investment real
property leaders. REALpac's mission is to bring together the country's real
property investment leaders to collectively influence public policy, to
educate government and the public, and to ensure stable and beneficial real
estate capital and property markets in Canada. REALpac members currently own
in excess of $150 billion in real estate assets located in the major centres
across Canada and include real estate investment trusts, publicly traded and
large private companies, banks, brokerages, crown corporations, investment
dealers, life companies, and pension funds.

For further information:

For further information: James Brennan, Director, External Relations,
Canadian Real Estate Association, (613) 237-7111,; John
Dickie, President, Canadian Federation of Apartment Associations, (613)
235-0101,; Chris Conway, Vice President, Government
Relations, REALpac, (416) 642-2700,

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