Attractive affordability levels spur buyers' interest
TORONTO, Sept. 9 /CNW/ - Surging housing resales in the past few months
capped a roller coaster ride in the Ontario housing market over the last year,
according to the latest housing report released today by RBC Economics.
"The Ontario housing market has rebounded impressively since the spring,
after experiencing plunging activity during the fall and winter," said Robert
Hogue, senior economist at RBC. "While many communities continue to face tough
economic prospects that are limiting demand, the general tone of the market
has clearly turned positive."
Hogue noted that the current upturn can be largely attributed to solid
improvements in affordability. In the second quarter, RBC's measures of
affordability further extended their downward trend, moving further below
long-term averages and indicating that the cost of homeownership is at
historically attractive levels in the province (the lower the measure, the
more inexpensive it is to afford a home).
The RBC Housing Affordability measure for Ontario, which captures the
proportion of pre-tax household income needed to service the costs of owning a
home, improved across all four housing class in the second quarter of 2009.
Affordability of the benchmark detached bungalow in Ontario moved down to 38.3
per cent, the standard townhouse down to 31.5 per cent, the standard condo
down to 26.8 per cent and the standard two-storey home to down 44.0 per cent.
In the Toronto area, RBC's Affordability measures have fallen
significantly over the past year and a half, with homeownership costs edging
lower again in the second quarter by between 0.5 and 1.0 percentage points.
Sales of existing homes have soared since touching a ten-year low in late 2008
and early 2009 - retracing nearly all of last year's slide. Much tighter
market conditions, with stronger demand and fewer homes listed for sale, have
also seen property values on the rise again since the spring.
The Ottawa market broke sales records once housing activity restarted
this spring. The RBC report indicated that this was owed in large part to
affordability remaining strong through the cycle. The city did not see the
same housing price run-up during the boom, or downturn in resales and property
values during the recession, which impacted many other areas of the country.
RBC Affordability measures for the Ottawa area showed a second quarter decline
in homeownership costs of between 0.8 and 1.2 percentage points, representing
some of the largest declines in the country.
"Ottawa is likely playing catch-up with other Canadian cities, as it
joined the improving trend later than most areas in the country," Hogue added.
The report also looked at mortgage carrying costs relative to incomes for
a broader sampling of cities across the country, including Kitchener, London,
St. Catharines, Thunder Bay and Windsor. For these cities, RBC has used a
narrower measure of housing affordability that only takes mortgage payments
relative to income into account.
RBC's Affordability measure for a detached bungalow for Canada's largest
cities is as follows: Vancouver 63.4 per cent, Toronto 46.5 per cent, Ottawa
38.6 per cent, Montreal 37.3 per cent and Calgary 35.7 per cent.
The property benchmark for the Housing Affordability measure, which RBC
has compiled since 1985, is based on the costs of owning a detached bungalow.
Alternative housing types are also presented including a standard two-storey
home, a standard townhouse and a standard condominium. The higher the reading,
the more costly it is to afford a home. For example, an Affordability reading
of 50 per cent means that homeownership costs, including mortgage payments,
utilities and property taxes, take up 50 per cent of a typical household's
monthly pre-tax income.
Highlights from across Canada:
- British Columbia: In the second quarter, housing affordability in
B.C. eased once again, further extending the downward trend since the
start of 2008, although homeownership costs are still significantly
above long-term levels. Sales of existing homes surged by more than
125 per cent from their cyclical trough early this year. Market
conditions have tightened and there has been some firming of prices.
- Alberta: The biggest cumulative drop in the history of RBC
Affordability measures in Alberta deepened further in the second
quarter, falling to levels not seen since before the housing boom.
Existing home sales soared by more than 60 per cent between April and
July, fully reversing last year's slide. Tightening market conditions
should set the stage for some property value appreciation in the near
- Saskatchewan: Affordability has improved considerably in Saskatchewan
since early last year, but homeownership costs remain above long-term
averages. Regardless, sales of existing homes rebounded smartly,
rising by more than 50 per cent since their lows in March. If this
trend is sustained, property prices can be expected to eventually
heat up as well.
- Manitoba: The notable easing of homeownership costs in the past year
has fully repaired affordability in Manitoba, compared to historical
averages. Resale activity ramped up during spring and summer and
property prices generally maintained their steady upward trend,
supported by relatively tight market conditions.
- Quebec: Housing affordability improved once again in the second
quarter in Quebec, prolonging a trend that has been ongoing during
the past year. Sales of existing homes surged by more than 40 per
cent over the cyclical low reached mid-winter. With a more upbeat
market sentiment and tightening demand-supply conditions pushing
property values upward, the Quebec housing market appears to be back
- Atlantic Canada: Rebounding from a relatively restrained downturn,
housing affordability in Atlantic Canada continues to improve, albeit
at a more moderate pace than elsewhere in the country. Affordability
measures have declined noticeably since early last year and now stand
below long-term averages. Sales of existing homes climbed by more
than 18 per cent since January and property values increased
modestly. Overall, Atlantic Canada is enjoying relatively attractive
affordability levels, which should support housing activity in the
The full RBC Housing Affordability report is available online, as of 8
a.m. EDT today at www.rbc.com/economics/market/pdf/house.pdf
For further information:
For further information: Robert Hogue, RBC Economics, (416) 974-6192;
Matthew Gierasimczuk, RBC Media Relations, (416) 974-2124