OTTAWA, Feb. 2 /CNW/ - Northern Canada's population is more male than female, in contrast to the country as a whole, according to The Conference Board of Canada's Boy Oh Boy ( map, published by the Centre for the North (

"In Canada, the real gender divide is the north-south boundary," said Derrick Hynes, Director, Centre for the North.  "Both demographic and economic factors can help to explain why the North has more males than females."

Around the world, more boys than girls are born. In Canada, 105 boys are born for every 100 girls, according to Statistics Canada. Compared to the rest of the country, Northern Canada's population is younger (, so boys comprise a higher share of the North's population than elsewhere in Canada.

Furthermore, males tend to make up more of the population where heavy industry is a key part of the economy. The oil sands in Northern Alberta and oil and gas developments in Northern British Columbia serve to attract males to these areas.

Based on data from the 2006 census, the Canadian population is 48.9 per cent male (influenced largely by the fact that women, on average, live longer than men). In Canada's North, however, males make up 50.1 per cent of the population.

Four of the five census divisions with the highest percentage of males are located in the North. They are:

•     Northern Alberta's Census division 16 (Fort McMurray and area) - 53.6 per cent male;

•     Northern Rockies (Fort Nelson, BC) - 53.2 per cent male;

•     La Jacques-Cartier (Capitale Nationale region of Quebec) - 52.5 per cent male;

•     Northern Alberta's Census division 18 (Grand Cache and area) - 52.4 per cent male; and

•     Stikine (Atlin, BC) - 52.3 per cent male.

The five census divisions with the smallest share of males are all located in Canada's South. At 47 per cent, Saint John, New Brunswick has the lowest share of males of any census division in Canada.

The other four census divisions with the lowest percentages of males are under 48 per cent - Cape Breton, Shawinigan, Queen's County PEI, and the Capital Region District of British Columbia (including Greater Victoria and area).

The map is part of the Here, the North ( series published by the Centre for the North, which is a Conference Board of Canada ( program of research and dialogue. Its main purpose is to work with Aboriginal leaders, businesses, governments, communities, educational institutions, and other organizations to provide insights into how sustainable prosperity can be achieved in the North. Over its five-year mandate, the Centre for the North will help to establish and implement strategies, policies and practices to transform that vision into reality.


For further information:

Brent Dowdall, Media Relations, Tel.: 613- 526-3090 ext. 448

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