TORONTO, March 14 /CNW/ - The Information and Privacy Commissioner of
Ontario, Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D., and Alex Stoianov, Ph.D., an
internationally-recognized biometrics scientist, today announced the
publication of their joint research paper, Biometric Encryption: A Positive
Sum Technology that Achieves Strong Authentication, Security AND Privacy,
available at www.ipc.on.ca .
Biometrics are unique physiological characteristics of an individual,
such as a fingerprint or iris scan, that can be used to recognize and verify
their identity. As the use of biometric technologies become more widespread,
so does the risk to individual privacy. The creation, growth and data linkage
of biometric databases may enable new forms of surveillance, profiling,
discrimination, and identity theft. While widespread adoption of biometric
technologies is on the horizon, it should not come at the cost of personal
"Biometric data - fingerprints, DNA, or irises - are unique identifiers,"
says Commissioner Cavoukian, "far superior to social insurance numbers in that
they are a unique and permanent characteristic of individuals. This makes
biometric data a very powerful tool for matching different pieces of
information held about individuals across multiple databases."
Further, Commissioner Cavoukian adds that, "Biometric data can also serve
as a password in that it can be used to gain access to physical spaces
(restricted areas) or to electronic systems (databases). The security risks of
large centralized databases of biometric passwords cannot be underestimated,
and unlike passwords, biometric data is permanent - you cannot change your
fingerprints or irises if your biometric data is lost or stolen."
Fortunately, biometrics can be deployed in a privacy-enhanced way that
minimizes the potential for surveillance and abuse, maximizes individual
control, and ensures full functionality of the systems in which biometrics are
used. Building privacy-enhancing technologies into biometric-enabled systems
will also create greater confidence in those systems, leading organizations
and the public to place greater trust in their use.
Our white paper sets out the privacy, security and trust problems of
current biometric information systems, and explains how an emerging new
technology, called Biometric Encryption, can address those concerns.
With Biometric Encryption (BE), instead of storing a sample of one's
fingerprint in a database, you can use the fingerprint to encrypt or code some
other information, like a PIN or account number, or cryptographic key, and
only store the biometrically encrypted code, not the biometric itself. This
removes the need for public or private sector organizations to collect and
store actual biometric images in their database. Thus, most privacy and
security concerns associated with the creation of centralized databases are
eliminated. BE allows an individual's biometric data to be transformed into
multiple and varied identifiers for different purposes, so that these
identifiers cannot be correlated with one another. Better still, if a
biometric identifier is somehow compromised, a completely new one may be
easily generated from the same finger or iris of an individual.
BE also promises other exciting new possibilities which are discussed at
length in the paper. One such possibility is the creation of anonymous
databases. Another possibility is the promise of enabling individuals to use
their biometric identification for direct and secure access to their own
files. Still another possibility is to place strong and easy-to-use encryption
capabilities at the fingertips of millions of individuals, without the need to
literally memorize any passwords, PINs, or carry around physical pass-keys.
BE technology not only holds the promise of superior privacy and personal
control for individuals over their own biometric data, but also stronger
information security and greater user confidence and trust in biometric
With the publication of this paper, we are encouraging the public,
policymakers, information security professionals and technologists everywhere
to examine Biometric Encryption, with its numerous privacy and security
advantages, and to consider its adoption and deployment as a privacy and
security-enhancing alternative. We also wish to inform the public that there
are more preferable alternatives to the existing privacy-invasive security
technologies (zero-sum, win/lose) currently being deployed by government and
businesses - positive sum (win/win) alternatives which can deliver both
privacy and security. User confidence and trust in the privacy and security
assurances of any information system that relies upon biometrics will be
critical to the acceptance, use and ultimate success of that system.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D.
Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, Dr. Ann Cavoukian is
recognized as one of the leading privacy experts in the world and the
published author of two groundbreaking books on privacy - Who Knows:
Safeguarding Your Privacy in a Networked World (1997), written with Don
Tapscott, and The Privacy Payoff: How Successful Businesses Build Customer
Trust (2002), written with Tyler Hamilton. Overseeing the operations of the
freedom of information and privacy laws in Canada's most populous province,
Commissioner Cavoukian serves as an Officer of the Legislature, independent of
the government of the day.
Alex Stoianov, Ph.D.
Dr. Alex Stoianov began working in the field of biometrics after joining
Mytec Technologies Inc. (Toronto, Canada) in 1994, where he was one of the
originators of the privacy-enhancing technology, Biometric Encryption. Working
for Bioscrypt Inc., the successor of Mytec, as a Principal Scientist from 2001
to 2006, he developed numerous technological breakthroughs and improvements
for fingerprint verification algorithms. He also won the Third International
Fingerprint Verification Competition (FVC2004), viewed by many as the
"Fingerprint Olympics", on the company's behalf. Dr. Stoianov has co-authored
more than 30 scientific papers and 7 patents.
For further information:
For further information: Media contact: Jason Papadimos, Communications
Co-ordinator, Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario,
Desk: (416) 326-8828, Cell: (647) 408-5556, email@example.com