Media Advisory - Provincial plaque commemorates Rivers and Streams Act of 1884


    Date:                 Thursday, August 20, 2009 at 2 p.m.
    Location:             McDonalds Corners Agricultural Hall
                          194 Camerons Road, McDonalds Corners
    Directions:           From Highway 401 take the Highway 37 exit towards
                          Tweed. Go through Tweed and merge right onto
                          Highway 7. Pass the Sharbot Lake exit and turn left
                          from Highway 7 onto County Road 36/Elphin Maberly
                          Road. Follow the road through Elphin and into
                          McDonalds Corners. Turn right onto Camerons Road.
                          The Agricultural Hall is located at 194 Camerons
                          Road. Parking is available on site.
    Photo opportunity:    Unveiling of a provincial plaque
    Contact:              Liane Nowosielski
                          Assistant Marketing and Communications Coordinator
                          Telephone: 416-325-5032

    Join the Ontario Heritage Trust and the McDonalds Corners-Elphin
Recreation & Arts for the unveiling of a provincial plaque commemorating the
Rivers and Streams Act of 1884.
    The lumber industry along the Mississippi River in Lanark County fuelled
years of legal disputes between rival loggers in the 19th century, notably
Peter McLaren and Boyd Caldwell. Their conflict over exclusive rights to use
portions of the river erupted as a contentious federal-provincial dispute.
Premier Oliver Mowat's provincial government first passed the Rivers and
Streams Act in 1881, which guaranteed public usage of the waterways. Prime
Minister John A. Macdonald's federal government disallowed the act three
times, to protect the rights of property holders. A later decision by the
British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, the highest court, upheld the
    The fourth provincial Rivers and Streams Act was passed in 1884 and
remained uncontested by the federal government. These events played a direct
role in shaping provincial legislation pertaining to waterways in Ontario and
in establishing fundamental principles in federal-provincial relations.

    The Ontario Heritage Trust's Provincial Plaque Program commemorates
significant people, places and events in Ontario's history. Since 1953, over
1,200 provincial plaques have been unveiled.

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For further information:

For further information: Liane Nowosielski, Assistant Marketing and
Communications Coordinator, Telephone: (416) 325-5032, E-mail:

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