TORONTO, Aug. 7 /CNW/ - On the 30th anniversary of Bill 101, Quebec's
language law, the C.D. Howe Institute reports that the social and economic
status of francophones in Quebec has increased substantially since the 1960s,
whether measured by income, the economic benefits of language skills, or
ownership of the Quebec economy.
In "Laggards No More: The Changed Socioeconomic Status of Francophones in
Quebec," authors Francois Vaillancourt, Dominique Lemay and Luc Vaillancourt
show that the economic benefits of knowing French have increased steadily over
the last four decades, while returns to knowing English have decreased.
The authors studied census data to determine the evolution of labour
income by language group and sex, and the effect of different language skills
on wage income. They report that average incomes of anglophones and
francophones grew closer over the years 1970 to 2000 and that the position of
people whose first language is neither French nor English deteriorated
relative to that of francophones. The healthy state of the French language in
Quebec is also evident in the growth in ownership of Quebec's economy by
francophones, from 47 percent to 67 percent since the early 1960s.
The full communiqué is available at
The study is available at
For further information:
For further information: François Vaillancourt, Professor of Economics,
Université de Montréal, (514) 343-7314; Yvan Guillemette, Senior Policy
Analyst, C.D. Howe Institute, (416) 865-1904, email email@example.com