From One Copy to Trillions, Xerography turns 70

    TORONTO, Oct. 21 /CNW/ - Happy birthday to Xerography. The invention that
made it possible for people the world over to create and share information
with trillions of copies and laser prints will be 70 years old tomorrow.
    The first xerographic copy was made on Oct. 22, 1938, in a makeshift
laboratory behind a beauty parlor in Astoria, Queens, a borough of New York
City. The copy, preserved in the Smithsonian Institution, reads "10-22-38
ASTORIA." The inventor, Chester Carlson, was a scientist and patent attorney
who was determined to find a simple way to make copies of documents.
    Were he still alive, Carlson might well be surprised to learn his
invention uncorked an information revolution that has continued to this day,
making information readily available and expanding the world's total
knowledge. Infotrends, an independent industry consultancy, estimates that
3.08 trillion copies and prints were made around the world this year on
products fathered by Carlson's invention.
    "Effective use of information is at the core of today's global
businesses, and Chester Carlson's invention burst the dam that kept
information from those who needed it," said Sophie Vandebroek, Xerox's Chief
Technology Officer and president of the Xerox Innovation Group. "Since then
the opportunity to gain knowledge has grown enormously with 281 exabytes of
information created and shared in 2007 alone. Today Xerox has a suite of
software technologies and services that tame this huge volume of information
and help individuals and businesses cut through the clutter, gain knowledge,
and make quick and successful business decisions."
    Rejecting photographic methods, Carlson experimented with electrostatic
charges and materials that were photoconductive - their electrical properties
change when exposed to light. The process he invented was called xerography,
taking its name from the Greek words xeros for "dry" and graphein for
"writing." It took another two decades and a bet-the-company investment by a
small Upstate New York company named Haloid, which later became Xerox
Corporation (NYSE:   XRX), to commercialize the process.
    Since then information in any form has exploded, and the same company
that launched the "sharing" era, now helps customers navigate the flood of
    Xerox has kept pace with innovations that help clear the path between
paper and digital content, cut through the clutter and make information
relevant again.
    Xerox consistently creates value with its inventions by embedding them in
Xerox products, solutions and services, by using them as the foundation for
new businesses, and by licensing or selling them to other entities. In 2007,
the company worldwide earned 584 U.S. utility patents, a 5 percent increase
over 2006. For more information about Xerox technology and brand licensing,

    Note: For more information on Xerox, visit or For open commentary and industry
    perspectives visit or

    Xerox(R), the Xerox wordmark and the spherical connection symbol are
    trademarks of Xerox Corporation in the United States and/or other

    /NOTE TO PHOTO EDITORS: Photos accompanying this release are available on
    the CNW Photo Network and archived at
    Additional archived images are also available on the CNW Photo Archive
    website at Images are free to accredited
    members of the media/

For further information:

For further information: Media Contacts: Laura Mergelas, Xerox Canada,
(416) 733-6216,; Tina Quelch, Calador Communications,
(416) 925-6034,

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