Consumer Confidence Plummets in the Face of Gas Price Hikes and Credit Crunch, According to RBC Cash Index

    Expectations for the Future Nose-Dive into Negative Territory

    NEW YORK, Nov. 9 /CNW/ - U.S. consumer confidence reached its lowest
level in more than two years this month amid concerns over record-high oil
prices, continued trouble in the housing market and higher inflation,
according to the most recent results of the RBC CASH (Consumer Attitudes and
Spending by Household) Index, which measured the attitudes of 1,005 Americans
this week. Although consumer attitudes deteriorated across the board, the
substantial drop in expectations contributed heavily to the sizeable decline
in the overall index. As a result, the overall RBC CASH Index for November
2007 stands at 64, down more than 16 points from October's 80.6 level.
    "While consumer sentiment has experienced some increases in confidence
over the past few months, November's results point to the continuation of the
overall year-long downward trend in economic confidence," said T.J. Marta,
Economic and Fixed Income Strategist for RBC Capital Markets. "This month's
consumer sentiment has collapsed to a level similar to that in the wake of
Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Consumers have much to worry about: Rising energy
and food prices, falling house prices and tightening lending standards.
Although we do not expect a recessionary retrenchment by consumers, we do
expect that economic growth will moderate substantially in coming months."
    The RBC CASH Index is a monthly national survey of consumer attitudes on
the current and future state of local economies, personal financial
situations, savings and confidence to make large investments. The Index is
composed of four sub-indexes: RBC Current Conditions Index; RBC Expectations
Index; RBC Investment Index; and, RBC Jobs Index. The Index is benchmarked to
a baseline of 100 assigned at its introduction in January 2002. This month's
findings are based on a representative nationwide sample of 1,005 adults
polled November 5-7, 2007, by survey-based research company Ipsos Public
Affairs. The margin of error was plus or minus 3.1 per cent. Highlights of the
survey results include:

    -   Americans' economic outlook plunged sharply during the past month, as
        seen in the RBC Expectations Index, which dropped 30 points, to -4.3,
        the first time the index hit negative territory since September 2005.
        The sizeable downturn in the index is due largely to increased
        concern about the strength of the local economy. This month, 27 per
        cent of consumers reported they believe their local economy will be
        weaker six months from now, up from 20 per cent in October.

    -   The RBC Current Conditions Index dropped more than 10 points to
        90.3 in November, compared to 101.1 last month. Although Americans'
        perceptions of current local economic conditions and personal
        finances held steady this month, their assessments related to
        consumer purchases declined from October's levels. Fifty-five per
        cent of consumers said they were less comfortable making a major
        purchase than they were six months ago, up from 50 per cent in

    -   The RBC Jobs Index slid to 111.8, down nearly 11 points from
        October's 122.5 level due to consumers' negative view of overall job
        security coupled with increased personal job loss experience. This
        month, nearly half of Americans (46 per cent) say they are less
        confident about job security, up from 40 per cent in October.
        Additionally, 35 per cent of Americans reported job loss in their
        immediate circle this month, compared to 31 per cent in October.

    -   Americans' confidence in their ability to make investments or major
        purchases also cooled this month, bringing the RBC Investment Index
        down nine points to 83.4, compared to 92.5 in October. The number of
        consumers reporting they are less confident in investing increased
        five points to 46 per cent, up from 41 per cent in October. Three in
        five Americans (60 per cent) believe the next 30 days will be a bad
        time to invest in the stock market, and a strong majority of
        consumers (65 per cent) believe the next month will be a bad time to
        buy real estate.

    The entire RBC CASH Index report can be viewed at:

For further information:

For further information: Loretta A. Healy, The Hubbell Group, Inc.,
(781) 878-8882; Kevin Foster, RBC Capital Markets, (212) 428-6902

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