Child safety features now required for new homes with release of CSA's 2009 Canadian Electrical Code

    TORONTO, Jan. 22 /CNW/ - Canadian Standards Association (CSA), a leading
developer of standards and codes, today announces new measures to help protect
children from electrical shocks in the home. The 21st edition of the CE Code,
Part I, contains requirements for all new dwellings to include
tamper-resistant receptacles designed to substantially reduce injuries to
children from inserting fingers and other items into household electrical
    The new CE Code requirements call for tamper-resistant receptacles with
built-in shutter systems designed to prevent single-pronged, foreign objects
like pins, keys and nails from touching live electrical wires if inserted into
the receptacle slots. Other means of protection for "child-proofing" a home's
electrical outlets, such as plastic caps, may not be as effective as many of
these measures can be removed in seconds by children(1). The tamper-resistant
receptacles in the 2009 CE Code are fixed in place and will help protect
children against electrical burns without impairing normal plug insertion,
removal or function.
    "CSA develops standards that are all about life, about creating safer
environments for work, home and play," says Suzanne Kiraly, president,
Standards, Canadian Standards Association. "The latest edition of the CE Code
incorporates new measures to help protect children, adults and workers against
electrical shocks and hazards. Adopted across Canada, it applies to all
electrical installations. The Code allows for quicker implementation of
emerging technologies and leads to improved public health and safety."
    According to a study by the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and
Prevention Program (CHIRPP) on electrical injuries in children(2), during a
six-year period, 365 children were treated in 16 emergency rooms for
electrical injuries due to placing a conductive object or finger in an
electrical outlet. Of those children injured, 37 per cent needed medical
follow-up treatment and 11 per cent required admission to a hospital. During
the same time period there was one reported fatality(3). Two-thirds of all
electrical injuries were sustained by children five-years of age or less and
74 per cent of all electrical injuries took place in the child's own home.
    "We are always encouraged to see new technologies and strategies
developed that help protect the health and safety of children," says Denyse
Boxell, Project Leader, Safe Kids Canada. "Tamper-resistant receptacles
included in every new household built right across Canada will create a safer
environment for children, which will better protect them from injury."
    Even with the new requirements, parental supervision is very important as
the new receptacles do not protect against two, single-pronged items inserted
simultaneously. The shutters would interpret such items as a two-pronged plug
and allow insertion.
    New this year, the CE Code, Part I, is now based on a three-year
production cycle rather than a four-year cycle. The shortened update period
allows changes in technology and the introduction of safety requirements more
quickly, and enables the code to be in closer alignment with the U.S. National
Electrical Code. Meeting this new shortened deadline required the dedication
and commitment of more than 250 committee members and 33 staff as well as
stakeholder contributions from the United States, Mexico and the Bahamas. The
2009 CE Code will be referenced in safety legislation in all Canadian
jurisdictions as well as in the Bahamas.
    Developed by industry and government stakeholders, the Canadian
Electrical Code, Part I, serves as the basis for mandatory wiring regulations
across Canada. It will be up to Provincial or Territorial regulators to review
and adopt the 2009 CE Code into legislation by reference, together with any
amendments needed to address regional conditions, and determine when the code
will be effective in each province or territory.

    About the C22.1-2009 Canadian Electrical Code, Part I

    Since 1927, CSA's Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, has provided the
basis for the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment in Canada.
Regularly updated to address changing technology and safety requirements, the
Canadian Electrical Code series consists of three parts: Part I -
installation; Part II - standards for the construction, testing and making of
electrical equipment; and Part III outside wiring.

    The 2009 Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, includes numerous updates,

    -   requirements for electrically connected carbon monoxide alarms;
    -   recognition of new technologies such as under-carpet wires and
    -   new specifications for receptacle locations for combination microwave
        oven/range hoods;
    -   new bonding requirements for swimming pools;
    -   electrical safety requirements for ski-lift, tow rope, and similar
        installations; and
    -   new requirements for hazardous locations, emergency power supply
        systems, and motor overload devices.

    The 2009 Canadian Electrical Code will be priced at $150 CAD. It is
available online at, by calling CSA Standards Sales at
800-463-6727, or by e-mail at The code is available in print,
PDF and the new Mobile Device Format (MDF). To help industry understand and
apply the code, CSA's Learning Centre is offering numerous training programs
and seminars. Information on training is available at
    For the first time ever, by the end of January 2009, the CE Code will be
sold through a major Canadian retailer as Mark's Work Wearhouse begins
offering the code for sale at point-of-purchase displays across Canada.

    (1) 1997, Biokinetics Lab at Temple University in Philadelphia Study of
        4 different receptacle caps
    (2) 1997, Electrical Injuries to Children less than 20 years of age,
        Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP)
    (3) Epidemiology of electrical and lightning related deaths and injuries
        among Canadian children and youth. Inj. Prev., Apr 2004; 10:
        122 - 124.

    About CSA

    Canadian Standards Association (CSA) is a membership association serving
industry, government, consumers and other interested parties in Canada and the
global marketplace. As a leading solutions-based standards organization
providing standards and codes development, application products, training and
advisory services, CSA aims to enhance public safety, improve quality of life,
preserve the environment and facilitate trade. The Canadian Standards
Association is a division of CSA Group, which also consists of CSA
International, which provides testing and certification services for
electrical, mechanical, plumbing, gas and a variety of other products; and
OnSpeX, a provider of consumer product evaluation, inspection and advisory
services for retailers and manufacturers. For more information visit

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For further information:

For further information: Anthony Toderian, Senior Media Relations
Officer, CSA Group, T: (416) 747-2620, E:

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