Transition Therapeutics Announces Positive Data from E1-I.N.T.(TM) Clinical Trials in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Patients



    TORONTO, March 5 /CNW/ - Transition Therapeutics Inc. ("Transition")
(TSX: TTH), today announces unblinded interim safety, tolerability and
efficacy data from exploratory Phase IIa trials in which type 1 and type 2
diabetes patients received daily treatments of diabetes regenerative product,
E1-I.N.T.(TM) for 4 weeks and were followed for six months post-treatment.
Transition will host a conference call to discuss these data at 8:30am EST on
Monday March 5th, 2007.
    Data from the trial in type 2 diabetes patients demonstrated that
E1-I.N.T.(TM) significantly lowered blood glucose levels for patients using
metformin with/without thiazolidinediones (TZD). Type 2 diabetes patients
showed improvements in multiple important measures of blood glucose control
including haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting blood glucose. The HbA1c levels
(a measure of blood glucose control over time) decreased by an average of
0.97% (p=0.0273) and 1.12% (p=0.0273) in months 2 and 3 post-treatment,
respectively in type 2 diabetes patients with baseline HbA1c levels greater
than or equal to 7%.
    In the type 1 diabetes study, 6 of 11 (54%) patients responded to
E1-I.N.T.(TM) therapy, either by decreasing their average daily insulin usage
by more than 20% or reducing their HbA1c levels by 1.2 to 2%. There were no
responders among the placebo group.
    "The clinical improvements seen after only 4 weeks of E1-I.N.T.(TM)
treatment have exceeded all of our expectations," said Dr. Tony Cruz, Chairman
and Chief Executive Officer of Transition. "With its novel mode of action,
E1-I.N.T.(TM) leads a new class of gastrin-based therapeutics for development
in the treatment of diabetes. The positive efficacy shown in these trials is a
clear signal of the potential for E1-I.N.T.(TM) to have a major impact on the
way diabetes is treated in the future," he added.
    Covered by a broad patent portfolio, Transition's I.N.T.(TM) technology
platform is a series of gastrin-based combination therapies for the treatment
of diabetes. E1-I.N.T.(TM) is the first of a series of gastrin-based diabetes
therapies developed by Transition to be clinically evaluated in type 1 and
type 2 diabetes patients. The main objective of these clinical trials was to
identify well-tolerated and safe doses of E1-I.N.T.(TM) in diabetes patients,
as well as observe changes in specific parameters of efficacy including HbA1c,
control, and insulin usage.

    Key Efficacy Findings

    Type 2 Diabetes Trial

    Analysis of efficacy parameters were performed on type 2 diabetes
patients with HbA1c levels of equal to or greater than 7% prior to treatment.
E1-I.N.T.(TM) treatment for 4 weeks showed positive data or trends in most
diabetes efficacy parameters examined as illustrated below.

    
    -   HbA1c levels decreased from baseline by an average of 0.97%
        (p=0.0273) and 1.12% (p=0.0273) in months 2 and
        3 post-treatment, respectively, while HbA1c levels in placebo
        patients decreased by an average of 0.08% in month 2 post-treatment
        and increased by 0.4% in month 3 post-treatment.
    -   Fasting blood glucose levels were reduced with an average decrease of
        45 mg/dL (p=0.0234) at 3 months post-treatment compared to
        an increase of 16 mg/dL in the placebo patients.
    -   Glucose tolerance improved progressively in months 1, 2
        (p=0.0098) and 3 (p=0.0020) post-treatment
    -   Insulin levels showed a positive trend in months 1, 2 and 3
        post-treatment
    -   Insulin to glucose ratio showed a positive trend in months 1, 2 and 3
        post-treatment
    

    The HbA1c reductions shown in the type 2 diabetes trial were consistent
with observed reductions in fasting blood glucose as well as improvements in
glucose tolerance and increases in insulin levels as measured with an oral
glucose tolerance test. These are area-under-the-curve measurements which
assess the parameter at several time points.

    Type 1 Diabetes Trial

    E1-I.N.T.(TM) treatment for 4 weeks showed positive data or trends in
some patients with type 1 diabetes:

    
    -   Approximately 50% of the patients showed an average of 37% maximal
        decrease in insulin use (ranging from 20% to 75% in months 1, 2 or 3
        post-treatment)
    -   A single patient had no change in insulin use but showed a decrease
        in HbA1c levels from 6.7% in baseline to 5.5%, 4.8%, and 4.7% in
        months 1, 2 and 3 post-treatment, respectively
    

    Type 1 diabetes patients receiving E1-I.N.T.(TM) on average showed a
trend of better glycemic control (HbA1c) and used less insulin compared to
patients receiving placebo.

    Safety and Tolerability

    There were no serious adverse events noted during either study. For the
patients receiving E1-I.N.T.(TM), the most common adverse events reported were
nausea, diarrhea, headaches and vomiting which were generally mild to
moderate.
    In the type 2 diabetes trial, 23 of 30 patients completed the treatment
phase of the study (14 of 20 E1-I.N.T.(TM) treated, 9 of 10 placebo). Of the
six patients that discontinued E1-I.N.T.(TM) treatment, four patients withdrew
from the trial after experiencing adverse events and two patients withdrew
consent in the trial because of patient protocol violations or not complying
with study requirements. No episodes of hypoglycaemia were reported in type 2
diabetes patients in this trial.
    In the type 1 diabetes trial, 17 of 20 patients completed the treatment
phase of the study (13 of 15 E1-I.N.T.(TM) treated, 4 of 5 placebo). The two
E1-I.N.T.(TM) treated patients withdrew from the study due to adverse events.
Episodes of hypoglycaemia occurred with similar frequency in both the treated
and placebo groups.

    Next Steps

    These clinical data support the potential of gastrin as a therapeutic in
combination with other diabetes therapies. Transition holds the exclusive
rights to a series of proprietary gastrin based combination therapies
including GLP1-I.N.T.(TM) (a combination of gastrin analogue, G1, and a GLP-1
analogue) and combination therapies of gastrins and DPP-IV inhibitors.
Transition will accelerate the development of these combination therapies into
clinical trials with type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients.
    For E1-I.N.T.(TM), the tolerable dosing levels and the efficacy
parameters to be employed in future clinical studies have been identified.
Building upon these efficacy findings, the next steps in clinical development
will be to pursue a larger Phase II study to optimize dosing regimens in
preparation for pivotal studies. Novo Nordisk A/S holds an exclusive license
to the E1-I.N.T.(TM) product and can further develop and commercialize this
product in accordance with the terms of the companies' amended license
agreement as previously announced July 17, 2006.

    Conference Call Details

    Transition will host a conference call to be held at 8:30am EST on
Monday, March 5th, 2007. The conference call can be accessed by dialing
1 (877) 690-6769. International callers are advised to dial (415) 908-6290. To
participate, please dial the conference number 15 minutes prior to the
beginning of the call.

    About the Study Design

    The exploratory Phase IIa clinical studies for E1-I.N.T.(TM) were
randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials to evaluate the safety,
tolerability and efficacy of daily E1-I.N.T.(TM) treatments for 4 weeks with a
6-month follow-up. The E1-I.N.T.(TM) treatment consisted of a combination of
two agents G1 and E1. All patients received G1 doses of 30ug/kg/day, while E1
doses started at 0.3ug/kg/day for most patients with some patients escalating
to E1 doses of 0.5ug/kg/day or reducing to 0.2ug/kg/day. The type 1 diabetes
clinical study examined 20 type 1 diabetes patients (15 E1-I.N.T.(TM),
5 placebo) and the type 2 diabetes clinical study examined 30 type 2 diabetes
patients (20 E1-I.N.T.(TM), 10 placebo).
    In the type 1 diabetes trial, all patients were on insulin therapy to
regulate their blood-glucose levels and continued on this therapy throughout
the trial. In the type 2 diabetes trial, 30 diabetes patients on oral
anti-diabetic agents (metformin with/without TZD) were enrolled. These
patients continued on their oral anti-diabetic medication for the duration of
the trial. Upon entry into the trial, the type 2 patients' HbA1c levels ranged
between 6.8% and 10.9%, with a mean HbA1c level of 8.1%.

    About Transition

    Transition is a biopharmaceutical company, developing novel therapeutics
for disease indications with large markets. Transition's lead products include
regenerative therapies E1-I.N.T.(TM) and GLP1-I.N.T.(TM) for the treatment of
diabetes and AZD-103 for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Transition has
an emerging pipeline of preclinical drug candidates developed using its
proprietary drug discovery engine. Transition's shares are listed on the
Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol "TTH". For additional information
about the company, please visit www.transitiontherapeutics.com.

    Notice to Readers: Information contained in our press releases should be
considered accurate only as of the date of the release and may be superseded
by more recent information we have disclosed in later press releases, filings
with the OSC or otherwise. Except for historical information, this press
release may contain forward-looking statements, relating to expectations,
plans or prospects for Transition, including funding and conducting clinical
trials. These statements are based upon the current expectations and beliefs
of Transition's management and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties
that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in
the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include market
conditions and other factors beyond Transition's control, adverse events that
would require clinical trials to be prematurely terminated, clinical results
that indicate continuing clinical and commercial pursuit of E1-I.N.T.(TM) is
not advisable, the fact that exploratory Phase IIa interim clinical trial data
may not be indicative of results from completed exploratory Phase IIa clinical
trials, and that the results from completed exploratory Phase IIa clinical
trials are not always indicative of those seen in future clinical trials, and
the risk factors and other cautionary statements discussed in Transition's
quarterly and annual filings with the Canadian commissions.

    %SEDAR: 00015806E




For further information:

For further information: on Transition, visit
www.transitiontherapeutics.com; or contact: Dr. Tony Cruz, Chief Executive
Officer, Transition Therapeutics Inc, Phone: (416) 260-7770, x.223,
tcruz@transitiontherapeutics.com; Mr. Elie Farah, CFO and VP, Corporate
Development, Transition Therapeutics Inc., Phone: (416) 260-7770, x.203,
efarah@transitiontherapeutics.com

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