MONTREAL, April 10 /CNW/ - Closing Quebec's prosperity gap with the rest
of Canada would result in $8,000 more per year per household, according to a
comprehensive report on the province from TD Economics (www.td.com/economics).
To do so, Quebec must invest more of its resources in capital equipment,
education and/or infrastructure, as well as reduce the regulatory burden,
personal and corporate taxes and better facilitate the integration of
immigrants into the workforce; all of which contribute to a province's
standard of living.
TD Economics' plan for prosperity expands the current focus of many
policymakers and pundits, who cite the need for Quebecers to work longer hours
to increase their standard of living. It is a contributing factor, according
to TD Economics but does not take into account many other elements that
contribute to prosperity levels.
"An economy that invests more of its resources in capital equipment,
education or infrastructure tends to have an easier time translating each hour
worked into production of goods and services," said Don Drummond, Senior Vice
President and Chief Economist of TD Bank Financial Group. "As such many of the
challenges reside at the societal level, rather than with individual workers."
The report points to a number of positive developments towards a more
prosperous Quebec. Successive government initiatives have led to lower
deficits and unemployment rate, as well as modest tax reductions and more
funding for priority programs. Today, the province possesses an "enviable list
of assets" including a diverse economy and high quality of life.
Mr. Drummond went on to say: "Quebec can parlay its comparative strengths
into prosperity. By doing so, rising incomes will generate the revenues for
government to strengthen social services and enable companies to increase
salaries and benefits for its workers."
A number of looming challenges threaten the province's future standard of
An aging population represents a major threat, notwithstanding the recent
spike in Quebec's average fertility rate. The province has a significantly
higher share of older individuals and a smaller share of youths than the rest
of Canada. Projections suggest Quebec's labour pool will begin to decline in
2013 and head steadily lower thereafter.
This trend will also place enormous pressure on the funding of health
care services, given that the cost of care is estimated to be five times more
expensive for someone aged 65 and over than someone under 65 years.
Another risk to Quebec's economy is competition from both developed and
emerging nations. This will have a significant impact on the manufacturing
sector, which has long been a driving force behind the province's prosperity.
The province's textile industry has already been hit extremely hard. However
its impact will broaden to other areas of capital-intensive, manufacturing,
including newsprint and pharmaceuticals.
A plan for prosperity
TD Economics is optimistic Quebec can address these and other long-term
challenges by investing more resources in education and infrastructure and
improving the business climate, all with the aim to generate greater
prosperity throughout the province.
For instance, TD Economics argues that:
- by raising tuition fees but focusing on increased financial
assistance for those in need, post secondary education (PSE)
institutions will be better-positioned to prosper and provide
world-class education and research;
- aligning the price of services, such as electricity, waste water and
garbage collection with the true market price, public assets can be
paid for and managed more efficiently; and,
- by moving away from subsidies to business, public money could be
diverted towards investments that derive a greater return for
A change in view
However such policies call on individuals and businesses to recognize
their over-reliance on large government funding programs. That's because
subsidies can draw funds away from other investments critical to a more
productive and, in turn, prosperous society. Hydro-Quebec, for instance,
estimates that holding power prices in the province below its real market cost
lowers government revenues by more than $5 billion per year.
A fundamental shift towards a new funding model, which acts as a
consumption tax, would promote a more efficient, accountable and fair system.
In the case of electricity, for example, paying the full market price would be
consistent with the province's goals of encouraging conservation and
sustainable development. Moreover it would mean non-users, or those that use
less electricity, would no longer end up paying a good portion of the bill for
heavy users of power. This also represents a more equitable system for those
who find it challenging to pay their electricity bills.
The report concedes that many people may balk at the idea of paying more
upfront for government services, but one of the ultimate objectives of the
user pay system is to lower the province's high income-tax burden, which
remains one of the key barriers to working, saving and investing in Quebec.
Lowering this burden is fundamental to higher incomes and greater standard of
"The view that governments are in a position to provide large subsidies
needs to be replaced by one that supports targeting assistance to those most
in need," said Don Drummond. "Ultimately the government must meticulously
scrutinize where and how it spends taxpayer dollars to ensure that programs
and services provide the greatest value for money."
History has shown Quebec has engineered significant structural changes
that have yielded positive results. The shift towards a new funding model,
which encourages greater self-sufficiency, would mark another important
milestone in the province's ongoing development.
The full report entitled Converting Quebec's strength into prosperity can
be found at www.td.com/economics.
For further information:
For further information: Don Drummond, Senior Vice President and Chief
Economist, TD Bank Financial Group, (416) 982-2556; Pascal Gauthier,
Economist, TD Bank Financial Group, (416) 944-5730