VANCOUVER, May 18 /CNW/ - The 2011 Canadian Cancer Statistics indicate that British Columbia again has the lowest incidence of cancer
and lowest mortality rates in Canada, which is attributed to the
healthier lifestyle of province residents and the high quality of
BC will have 22,100 new cases of cancer diagnosed in 2011 and 9,300
deaths. There will be 177,800 new cases of cancer in Canada in 2011 and
Canada has an estimated incidence rate of 406 per 100,000 of population.
When compared to the other provinces BC has the lowest incidence rate
for males with 412 per 100,000 of population and for females with 324
per 100,000 of population.
BC has the lowest death rate, 171 deaths per 100,000 males and 130
deaths per 100,000 females. The estimated national mortality rate in
Canada is 167 deaths per 100,000 of the population.
"We are greatly encouraged by this data, which suggests our cancer
prevention strategies are having an effect," said Cathy Adair, Vice
President, Cancer Control. "The greater the commitment to cancer
prevention by individuals, communities and governments, the greater the
potential to reduce the risk of cancer," she added.
BC also has the lowest incidence of colorectal cancer in men and women
and among the lowest death rate for colorectal cancer in men and women
In BC this year approximately 580 men and 510 women will die from
colorectal cancer and about 1,550 men and 1,150 women will be diagnosed
Colorectal cancer, the fourth most common cancer in Canada and the
second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Canada, is the special
focus of the report in the 2011 Canadian Cancer Statistics. In Canada in 2011, 8,900 Canadians will die from colorectal cancer and
an estimated 22,200 new cases are expected. The five year survival rate
for colorectal cancer is 63% (2004-2006).
Up to 15,000 colorectal cancer deaths could be prevented in the age
group 50 to 74 in the next 10 years if screening was done for this age
group. People over 50 should be screened every two years with one of
the available stool tests (FOBT or FIT).
The Canadian Cancer Society supports the implementation of organized
colorectal screening program in British Columbia and encourages
residents to talk to their doctors if they are at risk or if they have
"It is also important for British Columbians and Yukoners to know the
ways to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, which are eating a
healthy diet, being physically active to maintain a healthy body
weight, not smoking and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption," said
The possible symptoms may include: a change in bowel habits; blood
(either bright red or very dark) in the stool; diarrhea, constipation
or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely; stools that are
narrower than usual; general abdominal discomfort (frequent gas pains,
bloating, fullness or cramps); unexplained weight loss; feeling very
tired and vomiting.
According to the 2009 Colon Cancer Screening Survey, 81% of Canadians in the age group 50 to 74 were aware of screening
tests and their benefit. But unless individuals have a conversation
with their doctors, many remain unscreened
There is good news in that the incidence and death rates for the
majority of cancers have stabilized or declined in the past decade and
the 5 year survival rate for all cancers is 62%.
Canadian Cancer Statistics 2011: General highlights
An estimated 177,800 new cases of cancer (excluding 74,100 cases of
non-melanoma skin cancer) and 75,000 deaths from cancer are expected to
occur in Canada in 2011.
More men than women are diagnosed with cancer, but the gap between the
two sexes has narrowed in recent years (52% of cases are in men versus
48% in women).
More than one-quarter of all cancer deaths - 27% - are due to lung
The death rate for all cancers combined is declining for males in most
age groups and for females under 70.
The five-year relative survival rate for all cancers combined is 62%.
Canadian Cancer Statistics 2011: BC highlights
When looking at all cancers combined, both cancer incidence and
mortality rates are lower in British Columbia than in the rest of the
Prostate, breast, lung and colorectal cancers continue to be the most
prevalent cancers in BC. In 2011 these four cancers will account for
approximately 53% of all cancer incidences in BC.
Even though lung cancer incidence and mortality in BC are estimated to
be the lowest in Canada, double the number of men and women die from
lung cancer (2,500) than those who die from breast cancer and prostate
cancer combined (1,130). Lung cancer is estimated to cause 27% of all
cancer deaths in BC.
A closer look at cancer statistics for BC women:
Cancer incidence rates in BC women:
BC women have the lowest overall incidence rate of cancer in the
country. BC women also have the lowest incidence rate for breast and
Cancer mortality rates in BC women:
BC women have the lowest overall mortality rate for cancers in Canada.
BC women also have the lowest mortality rate for breast cancer in the
New cancer cases in BC women:
For 2011, an estimated 10,200 women will be diagnosed with some form of
cancer (the same as last year). There will be 2,800 diagnoses of breast
cancer. There will be an estimated 1,500 cases of lung cancer and 1,150
women are expected to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer.
Estimated cancer deaths in BC women:
There are an estimated 4,300 cancer deaths predicted for women in BC
this year (200 less than last year). Deaths due to lung cancer are
expected to be at 1,250. 600 women are expected to die of breast cancer
and 510 from colorectal cancer in 2011.
A closer look at cancer statistics for BC men:
Cancer incidence rates in BC men:
BC men have the lowest overall incidence rates of cancer in Canada and
the lowest incidence of lung cancer and colorectal cancer in the
Cancer mortality rates in BC men:
BC men have the lowest overall mortality rate for cancers in Canada and
the lowest mortality rate colorectal cancer and lung cancer and the
second lowest mortality rate for prostate cancer in the country.
New cancer cases in BC men:
An estimated 11,900 men will be diagnosed with some form of cancer in
2011 (500 more than last year). Approximately 3,400 men will be
diagnosed with prostate cancer (300 more than last year). 1,450 men are
expected to be diagnosed with lung cancer and another 1,550 are
expected to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer.
Estimated cancer deaths in BC men:
There are an estimated 4,900 cancer deaths predicted for men in BC in
2011. 1,250 men are expected to die of lung cancer. Deaths for prostate
cancer are estimated at 530 while deaths from colorectal cancer are
estimated at 580.
Five-year relative survival is the proportion of people alive five years
after their diagnosis, adjusted for the deaths expected for people of
the same age in the general population. Relative survival is the most
often used method for analyzing the survival of cancer patients across
Survival is calculated from the date of diagnosis to five years after
diagnosis. In Quebec the date of diagnosis is determined differently
than other provinces and, as a result, Quebec survival cannot be
compared with survival data from other provinces.
Age standardized rates refer to the number of people per 100,000 who are
diagnosed, or die of, cancer. Age-standardization allows comparisons
among different years since it accounts for changes that have occurred
over time in the age distribution of the population.
Colorectal Cancer Survivor: Lynn Nadin
Lynn Nadin, 56, a mother of two from White Rock BC, is a colorectal
cancer survivor, because she spoke to her doctor after seeing one of
the early warning signs of the disease.
"At the time, I was 49 and in the middle of training for a half
marathon. I was seeing my doctor about a knee problem and mentioned
that I had seen blood in the toilet bowl. He immediately organized a
test and cancer was diagnosed."
"Colonoscopies are not a big deal," according to Lynn, who has had
several. "It is worth the minimal discomfort if it has the potential to
save your life."
"I was just coming to the age when FOBT and FIT tests are recommended
(50 to 74)."
A healthy lifestyle, combined with an awareness of any changes in the
body, have the potential to improve outlook of colorectal cancer. Lynn
had no history of colorectal cancer in her family.
Following successful treatment, Ms Nadin was able to return to her
position as the director of a high tech dental supply company, and
delivers presentations about dental equipment and new technologies.
"I am pleased to be a spokesperson for awareness of colorectal cancer
and the importance of early detection and diagnosis—especially talking
to your doctor about any concerns."
Ms Nadin is also a Cancer Connection volunteer and provides emotional
support to others with colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer researcher: Dr Donald Yapp
Colorectal cancer is a difficult disease to treat. The only cure is
early and complete removal of the tumour, but even then, many patients
will still relapse.
Dr Donald Yapp, a Canadian Cancer Society funded research scientist at
the BC Cancer Agency Research Centre in Vancouver, believes that a
comprehensive therapeutic approach is necessary to improve the
management of this devastating disease.
He is using tissue samples from colorectal cancer patients to develop
colorectal tumourl lines for laboratory research. With these
patient-derived tumors, and the latest imaging technologies, he can
evaluate the effectiveness of experimental drugs, identify the genetic
characteristics of individual colorectal tumours and hopefully find
biological markers that indicate which tumour types will respond to
specific therapeutic agents.
The information would ensure that patients are given the most effective
treatments on the basis of their tumour's characteristics, ultimately
improving their overall survival prospects, and sparing them from
Kathryn Seely, Director, Public Issues, Canadian Cancer Society, BC and Yukon, Ms
Lynn Nadin and Dr Donald Yapp are available for interviews.
SOURCE Canadian Cancer Society (BC and Yukon Division)
For further information:
Susan Bogle, Manager, Communications
Canadian Cancer Society BC and Yukon
604 675 7123
778 686 1300