TORONTO, Oct. 2 /CNW/ - The clarification issued this week by the U.S.
Securities and Exchange Commission's Office of the Chief Accountant and the
staff of the Financial Accounting Standards Board in relation to fair value
accounting requirements is consistent with Canadian accounting standards.
In Canada, the Accounting Standards Board has already issued three staff
commentaries to help companies apply fair value accounting requirements when
dealing with this country's own liquidity crunch. These commentaries provided
companies with guidance on how to report to investors on their holdings of
Asset-Backed Commercial Paper (ABCP). The first was issued almost a year ago.
Accounting Standards Board staff is considering expanding the commentary
guidance to cover a wider range of investments.
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles require many investments in
stocks and bonds to be measured at fair value. Investments carried at cost
must be assessed for impairment at the time of reporting and, if determined to
be impaired, must be written down to their estimated fair value as at the
balance sheet date. Basically, Canadian companies are being asked to make a
realistic estimate of the holding's fair value as at the balance sheet date
and then clearly explain to investors how that figure was determined. In
determining a holding's fair value, companies must estimate the price that
market participants would sell for, or buy at, in an active liquid market, if
there were one.
In times of financial crisis, it is natural to ask: "What went wrong?"
Some people blame the current crisis on the increased use of fair value
accounting for financial instruments. Yes, measuring fair value in turbulent
times can be very difficult, but the huge swings in market prices reflect the
reality of the marketplace. Do we really want financial statements based on
management's guess as to what market prices might be in "normal" conditions at
some point in the future? There is a growing realization that the accounting
requirements are not to blame. Fair value accounting tells investors and the
public "the way it is".
The Accounting Standards Board establishes financial accounting and
reporting standards for use by Canadian companies and not-for-profit
organizations. It also participates in the development of internationally
accepted accounting standards. The Board sets its financial accounting and
reporting standards after an extensive process of consultation with
organizations and individuals that are interested in or affected by the
standards. The standards contribute to enhanced decision making by
continuously improving the quality of financial and other information about
organizational performance reported by Canadian entities.
For further information:
For further information: Tobin Lambie, CICA Manager, Media, (416)