Emerging Trends Offer Promise To Aboriginal Peoples: TD Economics



    TORONTO, June 11 /CNW/ - A new report from TD Economics argues that an
economic transformation for Aboriginal Peoples and their communities could be
finally at hand. (www.td.com/economics) The report credits an "alignment of
interests" between Aboriginal communities, business and governments as the
main driver for improved conditions.
    TD's Chief Economist, Don Drummond, and Director of Economic Analysis,
Derek Burleton, note a confluence of trends is now merging. One, Aboriginal
communities are seeking out more opportunities in the market economy. Two, a
growing number of Canadian companies are recognizing that employing
Aboriginals and partnering with Aboriginal communities is a smart business
strategy. Three, the federal and provincial governments are linking Aboriginal
education and social issues with Canada's future prosperity challenges.
    "The nature of these reinforcing mutual interests is a positive
development for Canada," said Mr. Burleton, Director of Economic Analysis at
TD Economics. "All Canadians have a vested interest in the economic prospects
of Aboriginals, given that they represent the youngest and fastest growing
segment of our population and will therefore make up an increasingly larger
portion of our workforce. Our economy's future is inextricably linked to their
future."

    Portrait of an Aboriginal person as a young entrepreneur

    By some estimates, there are as many as 27,000 Aboriginal-owned
businesses operating across the country spanning a wide array of businesses
from airlines to mining supply to business services. Business owners are
seeing opportunities to fill the gaps that were opened up by past market
failures. For example, a shortage of available credit on reserve has been a
particular issue, partly due to the fact that real and personal property on a
reserve cannot be used as collateral for a loan. As a result, Aboriginal-owned
financial institutions have emerged, including First Nations Bank of Canada.
Today, there are more than 50 Aboriginal Capital Corporations and financial
institutions operating across Canada.
    Mr. Burleton notes: "An important catalyst for the emergence of
Aboriginal enterprises is their growing belief they can move into the
mainstream economy without sacrificing their core values. Chief among them is
the protection of land and the environment." In this vein, the report
highlights a real mark is being made by Aboriginal entrepreneurs in areas such
as renewable power and alternative energy development.

    Partnerships with the private sector starting to take off

    The growing number of partnerships between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal
businesses, largely in western Canada, is a particularly encouraging sign. To
some extent, the catalyst for these partnerships within the resource sector
has been legal in nature - namely, the requirement to consult and accommodate
Aboriginal communities following a couple of 2004 Supreme Court decisions.
However, more and more companies across all sectors are worried about
longer-term labour shortages and actively looking for solutions. One avenue is
making more effort to connect with under-represented populations such as
Aboriginal people.

    Barriers remain

    The 2006 Census data revealed that Aboriginal people made up some lost
ground in terms of labour market performances, including employment and income
figures. Yet the good news lost some of its shine when other elements of the
data are considered. For one, there was evidence that on-reserve First Nations
communities are falling further behind on virtually every count. And, second,
the gap in high school completion rates, particularly on reserve, remained
substantial.
    "In one sense, the resource boom that ended in mid-2008 had a downside
since it likely convinced many young Aboriginal people to forgo a formal
education in order to seek good income," said Mr. Burleton. "The resource
sector is cyclical and when it declines, as has been the case lately, there is
little to fall-back without the broader, higher education. That's why the
resource and construction booms and the benefits they delivered in terms of
Aboriginal employment cannot be allowed to divert attention from the education
imperative."
    Fortunately, Canadian governments and Aboriginal communities are
beginning to move forward with innovative solutions to this key challenge,
including more collaborative models, E-learning and efforts at making
education "relevant" for Aboriginal people. A number of post-secondary
institutions have also developed creative programs and services. However other
key areas have not received as much focus, such as adult education, or may not
be gaining the desired traction, such as private sector take-up of co-op
programs for Aboriginal students.
    The dismal state of infrastructure on reserve and the limits imposed by
the Indian Act are two other barriers to the economic success of Aboriginal
communities. The federal government's 2009 budget, which announced $1.4
billion down-payment targeted at Aboriginal skills training and infrastructure
was a step in the right direction. In addition, the federal government is
currently working on a new Policy Framework for Aboriginal economic
development, which could include needed changes to the Indian Act.

    More comprehensive information

    Issues faced by Aboriginal communities cannot be adequately addressed
unless the dimension of the problem is known and can be measured.
Unfortunately there are sizable gaps in data, particularly around labour
market information. For various reasons, some of the nation's largest bands
did not participate in the Census. Furthermore, an estimated one-quarter of
the residents on an additional 166 First Nations reserves were not counted.
All parties are urged to collaborate on this issue.

    TD optimistic

    "We are hopeful that the alignment of mutual interests among various
stakeholders could mark the start of a more meaningful positive transformation
with respect to Aboriginal Peoples' labour market and education outcomes in
the future," said Mr. Burleton. "The economic success within the Aboriginal
communities will reap dividends for all Canadians in terms of higher
government revenues, lower social services costs and increased productivity."





For further information:

For further information: Don Drummond, TD Economics,
don.drummond@td.com, (416) 473-5720 (cell); Derek Burleton, TD Economics,
derek.burleton@td.com, (416) 982-2514


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