OTTAWA, May 21 /CNW Telbec/ - Canada needs to boost Aboriginal education
levels to address a shrinking labour force and lackluster productivity growth,
urges the Centre for the Study of Living Standards, pointing to a potential
saving to the government of $115 billion.
The Ottawa-based research institute's new study details the fiscal
benefits of improving Aboriginal social and economic well-being, with
education playing a key role, as it results in higher incomes and tax revenues
and a significant drop in government costs.
"Canada's Aboriginal population is in crisis," declares the report,
noting social conditions remain an embarrassing challenge to policy makers who
should view the report's findings as additional incentive to prioritize
Aboriginal education as they clearly demonstrate the effect of closing social
and economic gaps between Aboriginals and non-Aboriginals.
Although Aboriginals make up only 4 per cent of the overall population,
they are much younger, with almost 40 per cent under the age of 20. Some 44
per cent haven't completed high school, almost double the rate for other
Canadians. University completion rates are equally bleak, with 8.6 per cent
holding a degree compared with 24 per cent among non-Aboriginals.
This produces higher unemployment, lower incomes and higher government
costs for health, social programs and housing - estimated at $6.2 billion in
2006 and rising to $8.4 billion by 2026. Conversely, if Aboriginals reach the
same education and social well-being levels of non-Aboriginals, combined
fiscal savings and increased tax revenues would climb to an estimated $115
billion over the 2006-2026 period. Even more startling is the estimated $401
billion cumulative effect on GDP of increased Aboriginal education and
employment for 2001-2026.
Modest improvements in employment and education levels are evident and
the report stresses the importance of building on those incremental gains. "In
absolute terms, some improvements have been made," acknowledges the Centre's
executive director, Dr. Andrew Sharpe. "But the problems are so great and
numerous, we can do a lot better."
The report singles out government decision makers as key determinants in
whether Aboriginal contribution to labour markets remains stagnant - resulting
in an increasing drag on Canadian output, productivity and labour force growth
- or whether "Canada can capitalize on the Aboriginal population's vast
The importance of their employment and productivity is underscored by the
fact their numbers will grow more than twice as fast as the non-Aboriginal
population. Manitoba and Saskatchewan, where the share of Aboriginals in the
population is well above the national average, "could be left with a large
wave of new entrants to the labour market that don't possess the necessary
skills or education to thrive in the new economy," the report warns.
Achieving higher Aboriginal education levels is realistic, according to
the report's authors. "We found that increasing the number of Aboriginal
Canadians who complete high school is a low-hanging fruit with far-reaching
and considerable economic and social benefits for Canadians." Not only would
it contribute to the personal well-being of Aboriginals, it would address
Canada's two most pressing economic challenges: a looming labour shortage
caused by an ageing population and low birthrate; and a lackluster growth in
productivity which has eroded Canadian industry's ability to compete.
"There is no downside to investing in disadvantaged children," states Dr.
The report, posted online at www.csls.ca/reports/CSLS2009-3.pdf, was
written by Andrew Sharpe, Jean-François Arsenault, Simon Lapointe and Fraser
For further information:
For further information: interviews: Paulette Roberge, (613) 271-6398,