OTTAWA, Feb. 16 /CNW/ - Canada's Northwest, specifically the Northwest
Territories and Northern Alberta, is home to the highest gross domestic
product (GDP) per person in the country. Yet the Northern parts of
three other provinces - Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec - are among the
regions with the lowest GDP per capita in Canada.
Overall, GDP per person in Northern Canada trails that of the South by
about $5,000 per person, a gap that has widened over the past decade,
according to a groundbreaking analysis published by The Conference
Board of Canada's Centre for the North (http://www.centreforthenorth.ca/).
"Natural resources have made the Northwest Territories and Northern
Alberta the two regions with the highest per capita GDP in the country.
Mining and oil and gas have been the strongest industries in the North
over the past decade. The public sector also plays a major part in the
Northern economy," said Jacqueline Palladini, Economist, and author of Estimating Economic Activity in Canada's Northern Regions. (http://www.conferenceboard.ca/e-library/abstract.aspx?did=4029).
"Despite the wealth being created in parts of the North, overall
GDP-per-capita in Northern Canada remains lower than in Southern
Canada. And this gap widened between 1999 and 2009."
Overall, the North's GDP per capita was $33,500 in 2009, compared to
$38,500 in the South. The Northwest Territories ($71,200) and Northern
Alberta ($51,100) led all regions in the country. Southern Alberta
($46,000) and Yukon ($44,300) also had real GDP per capita above
In 2009, Northern Manitoba had the lowest GDP per-capita of all Northern
or Southern regions, at $17,900. GDP per capita for all Northern and
Southern regions is available from the Centre for the North's newest Here, the North map, Land of Opportunity (http://www.centreforthenorth.ca/blogs/herethenorth/landofopportunity).
Real GDP in Canada's Northern regions - which includes the three
territories and the Northern parts of seven provinces - amounted to
$84.8 billion in 2009 (in 2002 dollars). The North's share of national
GDP declined from 7.6 per cent in 1999 to 6.6 per cent in 2009—slightly
less than its share of Canada's population.
Primary industries - forestry, mining, fishing and hunting - make up the
largest sector of the northern economy, at $16.2 billion.
Non-commercial services, such as health and education, made up almost
$11 billion. Public administration (government) made up a further $5.3
billion. Construction, mostly related to mining projects, was the
fastest-growing sector in the North between 1999 and 2009.
Most Centre for the North research uses the Northern Ministers
Development Forum definition of the North. Because this analysis uses
Statistics Canada's economic regions from the Labour Force Survey, the
area defined as the North is slightly larger than for other research in
the Centre for the North. The regions included in this analysis are:
Newfoundland and Labrador — West Coast/Northern Peninsula/Labrador
Quebec - Saguenay/Lac Saint-Jean, Cote-Nord, and Nord-du-Quebec
Ontario - Northeast and Northwest (large cities are Sudbury and Thunder
Manitoba - Parklands and North
Saskatchewan - Prince Albert and Northern
Alberta - Wood Buffalo/Cold Lake and Athabaska/Grande Prairie/Peace
British Columbia - Cariboo, North Coast, Nechako, and Northeast
In this analysis, the North covers 85 per cent of Canada's land mass and
is home to about 2.5 million people, representing 7.5 per cent of
Canada's population. To obtain GDP and GDP per capita, employment by
industry in each Northern region is multiplied by overall provincial
productivity for that industry, and aggregated.
Now into its second year, the Centre for the North is a Conference Board
of Canada program of research and dialogue. Its main purpose is to work
with Aboriginal leaders, businesses, governments, communities,
educational institutions, and other organizations to provide insights
into how sustainable prosperity can be achieved in the North. Over its
five-year mandate, the Centre for the North will define strategies,
policies and practices needed to transform that vision into reality.
SOURCE CONFERENCE BOARD OF CANADA
For further information:
Brent Dowdall, Media Relations, Tel.: 613- 526-3090 ext. 448