TORONTO, May 6 /CNW/ - Recent fires in homes with mid-rise wood frame
buildings have brought into focus the issue of fire safety in
residential neighbourhoods. The Richmond, B.C. fire on Wednesday, May
4, 2011 is a case in point.
The blaze broke out at about 10:30 p.m., quickly burning down the two
six-storey buildings that were still under construction, and
imperilling the neighbourhood. According to news stories, the massive
fire at the 251-unit condominium and social housing project burned for
more than five hours before being brought under control. No lives were
lost, but the danger underscores the need to re-examine the recent
decision in B.C. to allow mid-rise wood frame construction, instead of
the long-required fire resistant masonry materials such as concrete
Recent proposed changes to the Ontario Building Code and to the National
Building Code, that would allow wood frame buildings over 4-storeys in
other regions of Canada, are being strongly opposed by the masonry
industry as dangerous to human life.
The Richmond, B.C. project was to be the first example of a 6-storey
all-wood structure, as allowed under the changes to the B.C. Building
Code, which came into effect in 2009. The Masonry Institute in B.C. has
issued a statement of concern over these changes to the Building Code.
"Human life and the safety of our neighbourhoods are at question here,"
says Bill McEwen, Executive Director of the Masonry Institute of B.C. "Engineered wood products, which are used extensively in these types of
buildings, are fabricated with glue, and can burn faster than regular
wood products. The firewalls in the Richmond project were made of wood
and drywall. Normal concrete block firewalls were not used, apparently
due to concerns about the large amount of wood shrinkage expected in
6-storey wood construction. Concrete block walls could have protected
these buildings, both during construction and more importantly during
Said McEwen on the scene of the fire, "If these buildings had been
constructed with concrete block, we would not be here today."
MasonryWorx reports that the deputy fire marshal for Ontario, Doug Crawford, has expressed concern in the past about fighting fires from within a
6-storey all-wood structure, as they incorporate engineered wood
products that provide little fire resistance when exposed to high
The 18m height limit in these 6-storey wood frame buildings was set in
B.C. on the basis of the maximum ladder height available from fire
rescue services. The expectation is that these fires will have to be
fought from outside the structure and rescue operations would also be
conducted from outside the structure.
Paul Hargest, President of Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers
Association, notes that wood composite elements, such as oriented strand board (OSB)
give off fumes when they burn, increasing risk to firefighters on the
scene and to occupants in the building, who may choke on the chemical
fumes before they even realize there is a fire on the premises.
Composite wood I-joists, now common in wood frame construction, are
known to collapse under fire conditions far sooner than traditional
dimension lumber joists.
MasonryWorx, an industry association dedicated to maintaining
construction standards, and protecting public health and safety in
construction and building, have issued a concern about the proposed
changes to the Ontario Building Codes to allow 6-Storey wood frame
housing. In a letter to Ontario MPP's, President of MasonryWorx, Dante Di Giovanni writes, "By the very nature of this change, it is unquestionable that
the fundamental objectives of the Ontario Building Code (OBC) and the
needed levels of structural and fire safety and performance will be
Di Giovanni also states, "While we would all like to examine ways of
lowering the cost of construction, compromising the safety and quality
of building materials is not in the best interests of occupants."
The position of MasonryWorx against wood frame mid-rise construction is
Adequacy of Fire Fighting Resources:
The proposed OBC mid-rise changes will serve to increase the combustible
building density in all regions of Ontario, not just the major centres.
The fire services industry has expressed concern about the fire fighting
capabilities in smaller municipalities, many with only volunteer fire
The personnel and equipment necessary to fight such fires will, it is
felt, quickly overwhelm the fire resources in these centres.
There is no internal rescue in these buildings. Adequate ladders are
only available in some centres. Equipment and personnel in many rural
centres are deficient in this regard.
With no internal rescue possible, will fire drills be mandatory in such
Fires During Construction Phase:
This is a major concern of the Fire Marshall's office and the Fire
Studies report that up to 70% of fires during construction are arson.
Additional security and fire protection during construction was
requested by the fire services sector in BC when these changes were
adopted there, but the BC government rejected these requests.
Ontario makes no mention of additional protection during the
construction phase, simply suggesting that the sprinkler system be
installed in parallel with construction of the building.
"It is essential to keep our communities safe," says Di Giovanni. "It
is our hope that the public will demand high standards in building
codes and a safety first policy in all our building practises. We urge
Ontario residents to write to their local MPP and ask that our
standards for safe building materials be maintained, not allowing
mid-rise wood frame housing."
Hargest adds, "It is critical that communities demand safe housing.
Durable, reliable building materials, such as block and concrete, are
proven to be effectively fire resistant, and should be demanded in all
our buildings as essential to protecting human life. With changes to
the Building Code being proposed that would allow 6-storey wood frame
construction, all Canadian residents should contact their Member of
Parliament and Provincial Members of Parliament and voice their
MasonryWorx is an association of industry professionals working in
brick, block and stone masonry. Its membership includes product
manufacturers, suppliers and skilled professionals from across Ontario
and it is committed to providing homebuyers, homeowners, architects,
engineers, and builders with accurate information about the use and
benefits of brick, block and stone products.
For more on the benefits of masonry, please visit www.masonryworx.ca
SOURCE Enterprise Canada
For further information:
For more information and photos, please contact:
Dante Di Giovanni
President, Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Association