Calfrac Announces First Quarter Results

CALGARY, May 8, 2014 /CNW/ - Calfrac Well Services Ltd. ("Calfrac" or "the Company") (TSX-CFW) announces its financial and operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

HIGHLIGHTS

Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013   Change
(C$000s, except per share and unit data)   ($)   ($)   (%)
(unaudited)            
Financial            
Revenue   547,638   423,397   29
Operating income(1)   64,117   62,670   2
EBITDA(2)   60,435   65,169   (7)
      Per share - basic   1.30   1.44   (10)
      Per share - diluted   1.29   1.43   (10)
Net income attributable to the shareholders of Calfrac
      before foreign exchange gains or losses(3)
  10,792   22,677   (52)
      Per share - basic   0.23   0.50   (54)
      Per share - diluted   0.23   0.50   (54)
Net income attributable to the shareholders of Calfrac   8,946   24,645   (64)
      Per share - basic   0.19   0.55   (65)
      Per share - diluted   0.19   0.54   (65)
Working capital (end of period)   338,916   332,241   2
Total equity (end of period)   803,904   802,581   -
Weighted average common shares outstanding (000s)            
      Basic   46,463   45,165   3
      Diluted   46,816   45,534   3
             
Operating (end of period)            
Pumping horsepower (000s)   1,215   1,013   20
Coiled tubing units (#)   34   29   17
Cementing units (#)   31   28   11

(1)  Operating income is defined as net income (loss) before depreciation, interest, foreign exchange gains or losses, gains or losses on disposal of property, plant and equipment, and income taxes. Management believes that operating income is a useful supplemental measure as it provides an indication of the financial results generated by Calfrac's business segments prior to consideration of how these segments are financed or how they are taxed. Operating income is a measure that does not have any standardized meaning under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and, accordingly, may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.
(2)  EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is presented because it is frequently used by securities analysts and others for evaluating companies and their ability to service debt. EBITDA is a measure that does not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS and, accordingly, may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.
(3)  Net income attributable to the shareholders of Calfrac before foreign exchange gains or losses is defined as net income (loss) attributable to the shareholders of Calfrac before foreign exchange gains or losses on an after-tax basis. Management believes that net income attributable to the shareholders of Calfrac before foreign exchange gains or losses is a useful supplemental measure as it provides an indication of the financial results generated by Calfrac without the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations, which are not fully controllable by the Company. Net income attributable to the shareholders of Calfrac before foreign exchange gains or losses is a measure that does not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS and, accordingly, may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

Quarterly Overview


Consolidated Highlights            
Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013   Change
(C$000s, except operational information)   ($)   ($)   (%)
(unaudited)            
Revenue   547,638   423,397   29
Expenses            
      Operating   454,396   336,595   35
      Selling, general and administrative (SG&A)   29,125   24,132   21
    483,521   360,727   34
Operating income(1)   64,117   62,670   2
Operating income (%)   11.7%   14.8%   (21)
Fracturing revenue per job ($)   95,114   107,543   (12)
Number of fracturing jobs   5,297   3,572   48
Pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)   1,215   1,013   20
Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)   35,582   31,444   13
Number of coiled tubing jobs   744   687   8
Coiled tubing units, end of period (#)   34   29   17
Cementing revenue per job ($)   31,833   28,178   13
Number of Cementing jobs   495   421   18
Cementing units, end of period (#)   31   28   11

(1)  Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on page 12 for further information.

Revenue in the first quarter of 2014 for Calfrac was $547.6 million, which increased by 29 percent from the same period in 2013. Consolidated fracturing jobs increased by 48 percent, but consolidated revenue per fracturing job declined by 12 percent primarily due to lower pricing.

Sequentially, revenue in the first quarter of 2014 increased by 18 percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2013. Consolidated fracturing jobs increased by 10 percent and fracturing revenue per job improved by 9 percent. The quarter-over-quarter increase in fracturing revenue per job was primarily due to customers completing larger jobs.

Pricing in Canada was stable in the first quarter of 2014 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2013. In the United States, pricing was stable in all of Calfrac's operating regions on a sequential basis.

Operating income for the first quarter of 2014 was $64.1 million, an increase of 2 percent from the comparable period in 2013. Operating income margin as a percentage of revenue was 12 percent, lower than the 15 percent generated in the first quarter of 2013. This decline was primarily due to weaker pricing combined with higher operating costs in Canada and the United States.

Operating income for the first quarter of 2014 was a 12 percent improvement sequentially due to higher activity levels. Operating income margin as a percentage of revenue was consistent with the fourth quarter of 2013. Calfrac incurred higher costs on a sequential basis because its North American supply chain and logistics operations were impacted by extremely cold weather which increased third party trucking costs along with the impact of a weaker Canadian dollar on inputs sourced from the United States.

In Canada, operating income as a percentage of revenue declined to 20 percent from 24 percent in the same period of 2013 due to lower pricing, higher fuel and subcontractor transportation costs combined with the impact of a weaker Canadian dollar. United States operating income margins declined to 10 percent from 14 percent on a year-over-year basis due to harsh weather conditions and costs of integrating the Mission Well Services, LLC ("Mission") assets into Calfrac's operations. In Russia, operating income margins decreased to 2 percent from 5 percent year-over-year as a result of abnormal weather conditions. Latin American operating income margins increased to 20 percent from 4 percent owing to the commencement of fracturing operations in Argentina.

Sequentially, Canadian operating income as a percentage of revenue increased to 20 percent from 18 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013 due to higher activity levels. In the United States, operating income margin decreased to 10 percent in the first quarter of 2014 from 16 percent. United States operating income margins declined sequentially due to the impact of harsh winter weather, supply chain and logistics issues and integration costs related to the assets of Mission. In Russia, operating income declined to 2 percent in the first quarter of 2014 from 6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013 due to weather-related issues. In Latin America, operating income margins increased to 20 percent from 11 percent due to higher activity in Calfrac's Argentina operations.

Net income attributable to shareholders of Calfrac was $8.9 million or $0.19 per share diluted, a 65 percent decline from $24.6 million or $0.54 per share diluted in the same period last year. Net income per share on a fully diluted basis was negatively impacted on a year-over-year basis by a foreign exchange loss of $2.8 million compared to a gain of $2.4 million, depreciation expense increasing by $8.7 million, and an increase in interest costs of $5.7 million.

Net income attributable to shareholders of Calfrac declined 24 percent sequentially from $11.8 million or $0.25 per share diluted in the fourth quarter of 2013. Net income per share on a fully diluted basis was negatively impacted sequentially by a foreign exchange loss of $2.8 million compared to a gain of $1.5 million in the prior quarter, depreciation expense increasing by $2.1 million, an increase in interest costs of $1.5 million, and income tax expense increasing by $1.5 million.

In the first quarter of 2014, Calfrac declared a quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share and proposed a two-for-one common share split.

The Company has expanded its 2014 capital program by $10.0 million to $130.0 million, plus an additional $20.0 million of carryover capital, for expected 2014 capital spending of $150.0 million. The additional funds will be used to purchase ancillary equipment to support a number of Calfrac's operating areas.

Calfrac appointed Fernando Aguilar, President and CEO while appointing Doug Ramsay, Vice-Chairman. Subsequent to the end of the quarter, the Company also appointed Bruce Payne, President, of its Canadian division and Tom Medvedic, Vice-President, Operations of its Canadian division.

Outlook and Business Prospects


Spot natural gas prices were stronger than expected during the first quarter of 2014 due to extremely cold temperatures throughout North America and resulted in natural gas storage levels reaching 11-year lows in the United States and 9-year lows in Canada. These developments have created the potential for increased natural gas-related activity in the second half of 2014. Crude oil prices also continue to support strong sustained activity levels. Calfrac is also seeing a trend towards greater service intensity in North America through the form of larger pad designs, more fracturing stages per horizontal well and increased tonnage per stage. Internationally, the Company continues to benefit from the shift to horizontal development using multi-stage completion technology.

In western Canada, fracturing and coiled tubing activity are expected to be strong once spring break-up concludes. Calfrac's expectation is that activity will increase at a moderate pace as break-up ends and road bans are progressively lifted. The Company is also cautiously optimistic that activity will increase in the second half of 2014 to levels higher than in the second half of 2013 due to several factors, including stronger natural gas pricing that occurred throughout the first quarter, stable oil pricing, a weaker Canadian dollar (which improves the cash flows of producers), the positive effects of oil and natural gas asset consolidation over the past six months, LNG-related activity, and improved equity markets for Calfrac's customers. The Company believes these factors could lead to improved pricing dynamics in Canada in the second half of the year.

Calfrac has a leadership position in the key natural gas plays of Canada, which include the Montney, Deep Basin, and Duvernay, and expects to participate in the long-term development of these plays. Calfrac's customers remain at the forefront of these developments, which should be a catalyst for higher activity in the second half of 2014 and beyond. Calfrac's people, service quality, technology and HSE practices will make it a key partner in these developments.

Calfrac expects that oil-focused activity will remain stable for the rest of the year, with the introduction of higher-rate treatments in certain plays, such as the Cardium, driving higher equipment utilization. Activity in the Viking play is expected to increase in 2014 over 2013. Calfrac also expects to achieve further operational efficiencies in the Canadian market through the expanded use of 24-hour operations and multi-well pad development.

In the United, States, Calfrac expects that it will experience moderate activity increases throughout the remainder of the year which will result in strong equipment utilization. This expectation is driven by the Company's active customer base, contract coverage and positioning in some of the most active plays in North America, which include the Marcellus, Eagle Ford and North Dakota Bakken. Calfrac's strong customer relationships in the Fayetteville and Rockies are resulting in high utilization levels. The Company remains focused on effectively managing its cost structure to improve margin performance in the face of competitive pricing.

The Company believes that Marcellus shale play activity will remain robust for the remainder of the year due to its low cost structure for natural gas, its proximity to consuming markets and additional natural gas pipeline takeaway capacity. As a result, the Company will deploy a fifth crew in the second half of 2014 using existing equipment sourced from other operating bases. As well, the Utica play continues to deliver strong well results, which may provide the basis for higher activity in that basin. In the Fayetteville, Calfrac is expecting activity to be higher on a year-over-year basis, based on customer indications and stronger natural gas prices. Rockies activity is also expected to be stronger year-over-year as the Company has materially increased its exposure with one of the most active operators in the Niobrara. In the Eagle Ford, Calfrac continues to move forward with the integration of the Mission assets. Pricing remains competitive, but Calfrac believes it is stable and that activity should increase. Lastly, drilling activity in the North Dakota Bakken remains high, but the market is oversupplied with pressure pumping equipment. The Company continues to assess ways to improve its performance in this region.

In Russia, Calfrac anticipates that equipment utilization will improve as 2014 progresses, following activity in the early portion of 2014 being negatively impacted by inclement weather. The Company believes that the expanded use of new technologies in Western Siberia, such as horizontal drilling and multi-stage completions will continue. Approximately 50 percent of Calfrac's fracturing work was focused on horizontal wells in the first quarter of 2014. The Company expects that this trend will continue to drive demand for its services over the short and long term as Russia's producing sector gains confidence in this new technology.

Calfrac is excited about the prospects for oil and gas development in Argentina. The Company began fracturing operations in 2013 and horizontal activity has accelerated in 2014. The investments expected to be made in Argentina by national and integrated oil companies provides support for Calfrac's positive view on this market. The Company will deploy an additional 32,000 horsepower to the country in the second half of 2014, which includes an additional high-rate pumping spread that is expected to focus on unconventional development in the Vaca Muerta shale play. Customers are increasingly attracted to Calfrac's reputation for service quality and technical expertise, which is providing the foundation for long-term growth in Argentina.

In Mexico, Calfrac expects unconventional development to become more prominent over the longer term, once national reform of the energy industry is complete. Calfrac believes this will set the stage for increased capital spending by PEMEX as well as new entrants to Mexico. With this in mind, Calfrac will continue to manage its cost structure and closely monitor ongoing developments to remain prepared to take advantage of new opportunities.

In summary, Calfrac is confident that the opportunities it has developed over time are gaining momentum. The Company is optimistic that the second half of 2014 will deliver better financial performance than seen in the comparable period in 2013. Calfrac is focused on its core principles of service quality, safety and technology and expects that further growth opportunities will develop as the year unfolds. The Company considers itself well-positioned to take advantage of these opportunities.

Financial Overview - Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 Versus 2013


Canada            
Three Months Ended March 31 ,   2014   2013   Change
(C$000s, except operational information)   ($)   ($)   (%)
(unaudited)            
Revenue   267,674   231,576   16
Expenses            
      Operating   210,519   171,795   23
      SG&A   4,676   3,870   21
    215,195   175,665   23
Operating income(1)   52,479   55,911   (6)
Operating income (%)   19.6%   24.1%   (19)
Fracturing revenue per job ($)   219,427   223,124   (2)
Number of fracturing jobs   1,155   982   18
Pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)   392   404   (3)
Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)   27,377   23,932   14
Number of coiled tubing jobs   520   521   -
Coiled tubing units, end of period (#)   17   21   (19)

(1)  Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on page 12 for further information.

Revenue

Revenue from Calfrac's Canadian operations during the first quarter of 2014 was a Company record of $267.7 million versus $231.6 million in the same period of 2013. The increase in revenue was driven by higher activity, primarily in the Montney and Duvernay unconventional gas resource plays, as the number of fracturing jobs increased by 18 percent from the first quarter of 2013. Activity in the oil-focused plays of western Canada remained strong during the quarter and continues to be a major contributor to the Company's Canadian operations. The industry trend towards the completion of more stages per well and higher service intensity also contributed to the increase in revenue. Pricing, however, was significantly weaker on a year-over-year basis which limited further revenue growth.

Operating Income

Operating income in Canada decreased by 6 percent to $52.5 million during the first quarter of 2014 from $55.9 million in the same period of 2013. The decrease in operating income was primarily due to lower pricing, higher fuel and subcontractor transportation costs combined with the impact of a weaker Canadian dollar on the cost of proppant that is sourced from the United States. The significant increase in activity during the first quarter resulted in sand volumes increasing by 41 percent from the first quarter of 2013 which lead to higher subcontractor transportation costs. Some of these cost increases were offset by cost recovery measures which were implemented late in the quarter.

United States            
Three Months Ended March 31 ,   2014   2013   Change
(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)   ($)   ($)   (%)
(unaudited)            
Revenue   211,039   127,010   66
Expenses            
      Operating   183,905   103,848   77
      SG&A   5,457   5,123   7
    189,362   108,971   74
Operating income(1)   21,677   18,039   20
Operating income (%)   10.3%   14.2%   (27)
Fracturing revenue per job ($)   55,100   55,084   -
Number of fracturing jobs   3,660   2,184   68
Pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)   672   492   36
Cementing revenue per job ($)   33,621   32,397   4
Number of cementing jobs   229   207   11
Cementing units, end of period (#)   18   15   20
US$/C$ average exchange rate(2)   1.1034   1.0089   9

(1)  Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on page 12 for further information.
(2)  Source: Bank of Canada

Revenue

Revenue from Calfrac's United States operations increased during the first quarter of 2014 to $211.0 million from $127.0 million in the comparable quarter of 2013. The growth was primarily due to significantly higher activity in the Niobrara oil play and the Marcellus natural gas shale play combined with the addition of the Company's operating presence in the Eagle Ford play following its acquisition of the assets of Mission in the fourth quarter of 2013. Revenue was adversely affected by inclement weather in January and February, particularly in North Dakota, Arkansas, Pennsylvania and Colorado. Activity and pricing in the Bakken were significantly weaker than in the same period in 2013.

Operating Income

Operating income in the United States was $21.7 million for the first quarter of 2014, a 20 percent increase from the comparative period in 2013. The increase was mainly due to the higher activity in the quarter. Operating margin as a percentage of revenue declined to 10 percent from 14 percent year-over-year due to harsh weather conditions affecting equipment utilization and logistics as well as costs of integrating the Mission assets into Calfrac's operations.

Russia            
Three Months Ended March 31 ,   2014   2013   Change
(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)   ($)   ($)   (%)
(unaudited)            
Revenue   38,914   37,161   5
Expenses            
      Operating   36,472   33,578   9
      SG&A   1,625   1,594   2
    38,097   35,172   8
Operating income(1)   817   1,989   (59)
Operating income (%)   2.1%   5.4%   (61)
Fracturing revenue per job ($)   108,316   106,185   2
Number of fracturing jobs   289   275   5
Pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)   70   45   56
Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)   58,543   61,229   (4)
Number of coiled tubing jobs   130   130   -
Coiled tubing units, end of period (#)   7   7   -
Rouble/C$ average exchange rate(2)   0.0315   0.0332   (5)

(1)  Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on page 12 for further information.
(2)  Source: Bank of Canada.

Revenue

During the first quarter of 2014, the Company's revenue from Russian operations increased by 5 percent to $38.9 million from $37.2 million in the corresponding three-month period of 2013. The increase in revenue was mainly due to higher fracturing activity as a result of the Company expanding its operations into Usinsk for a new customer in the fourth quarter of 2013 combined with increased demand for horizontal multi-stage fracturing operations in Western Siberia. During the first quarter of 2014, approximately 50 percent of the Company's total fracturing jobs were multi-stage completions within horizontal wellbores versus 33 percent in the comparable quarter of 2013. The increase in revenue was partially offset by severely cold winter weather in Western Siberia during January and February and warmer than expected weather in Usinsk which reduced equipment utilization, as well as the completion of smaller coiled tubing jobs.

Operating Income

Operating income in Russia was $0.8 million during the first quarter of 2014 compared to $2.0 million in the corresponding period of 2013. The decrease in operating income was due to the unusual weather conditions during the first quarter, which included both colder and warmer-than-normal conditions affecting equipment utilization and access to well sites, respectively. In addition, the start-up of a fourth district in Usinsk increased operating costs over the first quarter of 2013.

Latin America            
Three Months Ended March 31 ,   2014   2013   Change
(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)   ($)   ($)   (%)
(unaudited)            
Revenue   30,011   27,650   9
Expenses            
      Operating   21,207   25,166   (16)
      SG&A   2,912   1,332   119
    24,119   26,498   (9)
Operating income(1)   5,892   1,152   411
Operating income (%)   19.6%   4.2%   367
Pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)   81   72   13
Cementing units, end of period (#)   13   13   -
Coiled tubing units, end of period (#)   3   1   200
Mexican peso/C$ average exchange rate(2)   0.0834   0.0798   5
Argentinean peso/C$ average exchange rate(2)   0.1453   0.2012   (28)

(1)  Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on page 12 for further information.
(2)  Source: Bank of Canada.

Revenue

Calfrac's Latin American operations generated total revenue of $30.0 million during the first quarter of 2014 versus $27.7 million in the comparable three-month period in 2013. The increase in revenue was due to the significant increase in fracturing activity in Argentina, and the subsequent expansion of operations into the Las Heras district in southern Argentina. This was offset by significantly lower activity in Mexico resulting from budget constraints experienced by the Company's major customer in the regions where Calfrac operates. The Colombian cementing market also remained challenging as permitting and infrastructure issues resulted in lower-than-expected equipment utilization.

Operating Income

Operating income in Latin America for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was $5.9 million versus $1.2 million in the comparative quarter in 2013. The significant increase in operating income was due to the increased level of fracturing activity and equipment utilization in Argentina, partially offset by low utilization in Mexico and Colombia.

Corporate            
Three Months Ended March 31 ,   2014   2013   Change
(C$000s, except operational information)   ($)   ($)   (%)
(unaudited)            
Expenses            
      Operating   2,293   2,209   4
      SG&A   14,455   12,212   18
    16,748   14,421   16
Operating loss(1)   (16,748)   (14,421)   16
             
% of Revenue   3.1%   3.4%   (9)

(1)  Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on page 12 for further information.

Operating Loss

The 16 percent increase in corporate expenses from the first quarter of 2013 was mainly due to higher stock-based compensation expenses of $1.4 million combined with higher corporate personnel costs.

Depreciation

For the three months ended March 31, 2014, depreciation expense increased by 35 percent to $33.5 million from $24.8 million in the corresponding quarter of 2013. The increase was mainly a result of the acquisition of assets from Mission at the beginning of the fourth quarter of 2013 combined with asset additions in Canada and the United States.

Foreign Exchange Losses or Gains

The Company recorded a foreign exchange loss of $2.8 million during the first quarter of 2014 versus a $2.4 million gain in the comparative three-month period of 2013. Foreign exchange gains and losses arise primarily from the translation of net monetary assets or liabilities that were held in United States dollars in Canada, Russia and Latin America. The Company's first-quarter 2014 foreign exchange loss was largely attributable to the translation of United States dollar-denominated liabilities held in Russia and Argentina offset partially by a gain on United States dollar-denominated assets held in Canada. The value of the United States dollar at March 31, 2014 had strengthened against the Canadian dollar, Russian Rouble and the Argentinean peso from the beginning of the quarter, resulting in a consolidated net foreign exchange loss.

Interest

The Company's net interest expense of $14.9 million for the first quarter of 2014 was $5.7 million higher than in the comparable period of 2013. The increase was related to the issuance of an additional US$150.0 million of Calfrac's 7.50 percent senior notes to finance the acquisition of assets from Mission combined with the depreciation of the Canadian dollar relative to the United States dollar.  The Company had up to US$23 million of loans on its revolving credit facility during the first quarter compared to zero in the comparable period in 2013. Additional short-term borrowing in Latin America to fund the operational expansion in Argentina combined with higher interest rates also contributed to the increase in interest expense during the quarter.

Income Tax Expenses

The Company recorded income tax expense of $2.6 million during the first quarter of 2014 compared to $7.0 million in the comparable period of 2013. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was consistent with the comparable quarter of 2013 at 22 percent. The decrease in total income tax expense was primarily due to lower profitability in Canada, the United States and Mexico offset partially by higher taxable income in Argentina.

Summary of Quarterly Results                
Three Months Ended       June 30,       Sept. 30,       Dec. 31,       Mar. 31,       June 30,       Sept. 30,       Dec. 31,       Mar. 31,
  2012 2012 2012 2013 2013 2013 2013 2014
(unaudited) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($)

Financial


(C$000s, except per share and operating data)
               

Revenue

335,780 417,842 367,487 423,397 288,701 388,662 463,054 547,638

Operating income(1)

29,810 70,604 43,218 62,670 16,307 51,683 57,416 64,117
EBITDA(1) 18,736 70,874 46,866 65,169 16,235 46,862 57,667 60,435
      Per share - basic 0.42 1.59 1.05 1.44 0.36 1.02 1.25 1.30
      Per share - diluted 0.42 1.58 1.04 1.43 0.35 1.01 1.24 1.29
Net income (loss) attributable                
      to shareholders of Calfrac (11,855) 26,917 11,243 24,645 (14,584) 6,089 11,764 8,946
      Per share - basic (0.27) 0.60 0.25 0.55 (0.32) 0.13 0.25 0.19
      Per share - diluted (0.27) 0.60 0.25 0.54 (0.32) 0.13 0.25 0.19
Capital expenditures 75,286 63,962 55,694 43,989 46,618 34,683 45,227 27,331
Working capital (end of period) 357,128 353,182 322,857 332,241 319,982 292,854 319,934 338,916
Total equity (end of period) 747,591 783,091 780,759 802,581 784,247 786,933 795,207 803,904
                 
Operating (end of period)                
Pumping horsepower (000s) 830 845 977 1,013 1,025 1,025 1,194 1,215
Coiled tubing units (#) 29 29 29 29 29 31 38 34
Cementing units (#) 23 25 26 28 30 30 31 31

(1)  Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on page 12 for further information.

Liquidity and Capital Resources        
         
Three Months Ended March 31 ,   2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
(unaudited)        
Cash provided by (used in):        
      Operating activities   19,779   41,502
      Financing activities   (11,859)   16,885
      Investing activities   (24,630)   (59,654)
      Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (485)   5,997
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents   (17,195)   4,730

Operating Activities

The Company's cash provided by operating activities for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 was $19.8 million versus $41.5 million in the comparative quarter in 2013. The decrease was primarily due to changes in non-cash working capital. At March 31, 2014, Calfrac's working capital was approximately $338.9 million, a six percent increase from December 31, 2013. At March 31, 2014, the Company had accounts receivable of US$42.5 million (December 31, 2013 - US$40.8 million) from a customer operating in Mexico that were outstanding for greater than 120 days, for which no provision has been made. The payment delay is consistent with the experience of many other oilfield service companies in this market. Collection is expected in its entirety; however, the timing is uncertain.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities was $11.9 million during the first quarter of 2014 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $16.9 million in the comparable quarter of 2013. During the quarter, the Company made net repayments on its bank loan totalling $2.1 million in Argentina, repaid $11.2 million on its credit facility, issued $8.8 million of common shares for cash and paid cash dividends of $7.4 million.

On August 8, 2013, the Company extended the term of its credit facilities by one year to September 27, 2017. The maturity may be extended by one or more years at the Company's request and lenders' acceptance. The Company also may prepay principal without penalty. The facilities consist of an operating facility of $20.0 million and a syndicated facility of $280.0 million. The interest rates are based on the parameters of certain bank covenants. For prime-based loans and U.S. base-rate loans, the rate ranges from prime or U.S. base rate plus 0.50 percent to prime plus 1.25 percent. For LIBOR-based loans and bankers' acceptance-based loans, the margin thereon ranges from 1.50 percent to 2.25 percent above the respective base rates. As at March 31, 2014, the Company had used $28.7 million of its credit facilities for letters of credit and had $14.4 million outstanding under its credit facility, leaving $256.9 million in available credit.

On October 8, 2013, the Company closed a private offering of US$150.0 million aggregate principal of its 7.50 percent senior notes yielding net proceeds of $150.2 million (US$145.4 million) after applicable discount and debt issuance costs. Fixed interest on the notes is payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year. The notes will mature on December 1, 2020. The net proceeds from this offering were used to finance the Mission asset acquisition.

Calfrac pays a quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share to shareholders at the discretion of the Board of Directors, which qualify as "eligible dividends" as defined by the Canada Revenue Agency.

Investing Activities

Calfrac's net cash used for investing activities was $24.6 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 versus $59.7 million for 2013. Cash outflows relating to capital expenditures were $24.9 million during 2014 compared to $60.2 million in 2013. Capital expenditures were primarily to support the Company's Canadian, United States and Argentinean fracturing operations.

Calfrac's 2014 capital budget is projected to be approximately $130.0 million, of which $33.0 million is being directed towards growing its international operations, including an investment in coiled tubing and fracturing equipment in Russia and Argentina. In addition, approximately $20.0 million remaining from Calfrac's 2013 capital program is expected to be expended in 2014. As such, projected capital spending in 2014 is $150.0 million.

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents

The effect of changes in foreign exchange rates on the Company's cash and cash equivalents during the first quarter of 2014 was a loss of $0.5 million versus a gain of $6.0 million during the comparable period of 2013. These gains relate to cash and cash equivalents held by the Company in a foreign currency.

With its substantial working capital position, available credit facilities and anticipated funds provided by operations, the Company expects to have adequate resources to fund its financial obligations and planned capital expenditures for 2014 and beyond.

At March 31, 2014, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $25.0 million.

Outstanding Share Data

The Company is authorized to issue an unlimited number of common shares. Employees have been granted options to purchase common shares under the Company's shareholder-approved stock option plan. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the stock option plan is equal to 10 percent of the Company's issued and outstanding common shares. As at May 5, 2014, there were 47,078,888 common shares issued and outstanding, and 2,478,450 options to purchase common shares.

The Company has a Dividend Reinvestment Plan that allows shareholders to direct cash dividends paid on all or a portion of their common shares to be reinvested in additional common shares that will be issued at 95 percent of the volume-weighted average price of the common shares traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) during the last five trading days preceding the relevant dividend payment date.

Advisories


Forward-Looking Statements

In order to provide Calfrac shareholders and potential investors with information regarding the Company and its subsidiaries, including management's assessment of Calfrac's plans and future operations, certain statements contained in this press release, including statements that contain words such as "seek", "anticipates", "plan", "continue", "estimate", "expect", "may", "will", "project", "predict", "potential", "targeting", "intend", "could", "might", "should", "believe", "forecast" or similar words suggesting future outcomes, are forward-looking statements.

In particular, forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to expected operating strategies, capital expenditure programs, future financial resources, anticipated equipment utilization levels, future oil and natural gas well activity in each of the Company's operating jurisdictions, results of acquisitions, ,future costs or potential liabilities, projections of market prices and costs, supply and demand for oilfield services, expectations regarding the Company's ability to maintain its competitive position, anticipated benefits of the Company's competitive position, expectations regarding the Company's ability to raise capital, treatment under government regulatory regimes, commodity prices, anticipated outcomes of specific events, trends in, and the growth prospects of, the global oil and natural gas industry, the Company's growth prospects including, without limitation, its international growth strategy and prospects and the impact of changes in accounting policies and standards on the Company and its financial statements. These statements are derived from certain assumptions and analyses made by the Company based on its experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors that it believes are appropriate in the circumstances, including, but not limited to, the general stability of the economic and political environment in which the Company operates, the Company's expectations for its current and prospective customers' capital budgets and geographical areas of focus, the Company's existing contracts and the status of current negotiations with key customers and suppliers, the focus of the Company's customers on oil and liquids-rich plays in the current natural gas pricing environment in North America, the effect unconventional gas projects have had on supply and demand fundamentals for natural gas and the likelihood that the current tax and regulatory regime will remain substantially unchanged.

Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company's expectations. Such risk factors include: general economic conditions in Canada, the United States, Russia, Mexico, Argentina and Colombia; the demand for fracturing and other stimulation services during drilling and completion of oil and natural gas wells; volatility in market prices for oil and natural gas and the effect of this volatility on the demand for oilfield services generally; regional competition; liabilities and risks, including environmental liabilities and risks, inherent in oil and natural gas operations; changes in legislation and the regulatory environment; sourcing, pricing and availability of raw materials, component parts, equipment, suppliers, facilities and skilled personnel; the ability to integrate technological advances and match advances of competition; the availability of capital on satisfactory terms; intellectual property risks; uncertainties in weather and temperature affecting the duration of the service periods and the activities that can be completed; dependence on, and concentration of, major customers; the creditworthiness and performance by the Company's counterparties and customers; liabilities and risks associated with prior operations; the effect of accounting pronouncements issued periodically; failure to realize anticipated benefits of acquisitions and dispositions; and currency exchange rate risk. Further information about these and other risks and uncertainties may be found in the Company's most recently filed Annual Information Form.

Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this press release are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that actual results or developments anticipated by the Company will be realized, or that they will have the expected consequences or effects on the Company or its business or operations. These statements speak only as of the respective date of this press release or the document incorporated by reference herein. The Company assumes no obligation to update publicly any such forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required pursuant to applicable securities laws.

Business Risks

The business of Calfrac is subject to certain risks and uncertainties. Prior to making any investment decision regarding Calfrac, investors should carefully consider, among other things, the risk factors set forth in the Company's most recently filed Annual Information Form, which are specifically incorporated by reference herein.

The Annual Information Form is available through the Internet on the Canadian System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval (SEDAR), which can be accessed at www.sedar.com. Copies of the Annual Information Form may also be obtained on request without charge from Calfrac at 411 - 8th Avenue S.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2P 1E3, or at www.calfrac.com, or by facsimile at 403-266-7381.

Non-GAAP Measures

Certain supplementary measures in this press release do not have any standardized meaning as prescribed under IFRS and are therefore considered non-GAAP measures. These measures include operating income and EBITDA. These measures may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other entities. These measures have been described and presented in this press release in order to provide shareholders and potential investors with additional information regarding the Company's financial results, liquidity and its ability to generate funds to finance its operations. Management's use of these measures has been disclosed further in this press release as these measures are discussed and presented.

Additional Information

Further information regarding Calfrac Well Services Ltd., including the most recently filed Annual Information Form, can be accessed on the Company's website at www.calfrac.com or under the Company's public filings found at www.sedar.com.

First Quarter Conference Call

Calfrac will be conducting a conference call for interested analysts, brokers, investors and news media representatives to review its 2014 first quarter results at 10:00 a.m. (Mountain Time) on Thursday, May 8, 2014. The conference call dial-in number is 1-888-231-8191 or 647-427-7450. The seven-day replay numbers are 1-855-859-2056 or 416-849-0833 (once connected, enter 30792623). A webcast of the conference call may be accessed via the Company's website at www.calfrac.com.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS        
    March 31,   December 31,
As at   2014   2013
(C$000s) (unaudited)   ($)   ($)
ASSETS        
Current assets        
      Cash and cash equivalents   25,000   42,195
      Accounts receivable   442,073   395,845
      Income taxes recoverable   1,509   1,146
      Inventories   136,182   134,140
      Prepaid expenses and deposits   15,617   17,189
    620,381   590,515
Non-current assets        
      Property, plant and equipment   1,256,497   1,245,009
      Goodwill   10,523   10,523
      Deferred income tax assets   24,680   23,884
Total assets   1,912,081   1,869,931
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY        
Current liabilities        
      Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   262,723   245,899
      Bank loan (note 3)   18,340   24,298
      Current portion of long-term debt (note 4)   402   384
    281,465   270,581
Non-current liabilities        
      Long-term debt (note 4)   666,625   651,553
      Other long-term liabilities   143   198
      Deferred income tax liabilities   159,944   152,392
Total liabilities   1,108,177   1,074,724
Equity attributable to the shareholders of Calfrac        
Capital stock (note 5)   348,251   332,287
Contributed surplus (note 6)   25,765   27,658
Loan receivable for purchase of common shares (note 11)   (2,500)   (2,500)
Retained earnings   437,426   440,179
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (4,010)   (839)
    804,932   796,785
Non-controlling interest   (1,028)   (1,578)
Total equity   803,904   795,207
Total liabilities and equity   1,912,081   1,869,931
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS        
Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s, except per share data) (unaudited)   ($)   ($)
Revenue   547,638   423,397
Cost of sales (note 12)   487,917   361,409
Gross profit   59,721   61,988
Expenses        
      Selling, general and administrative   29,125   24,132
      Foreign exchange losses (gains)   2,842   (2,379)
      Loss (gain) on disposal of property, plant and equipment   840   (120)
      Interest   14,914   9,203
    47,721   30,836
Income before income tax   12,000   31,152
Income tax expense        
      Current   655   2,482
      Deferred   1,925   4,482
    2,580   6,964
Net income   9,420   24,188
         
Net income (loss) attributable to:        
      Shareholders of Calfrac   8,946   24,645
      Non-controlling interest   474   (457)
    9,420   24,188
         
Earnings per share (note 5)        
      Basic   0.19   0.55
      Diluted   0.19   0.54
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME        
Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s) (unaudited)   ($)   ($)
Net income   9,420   24,188
Other comprehensive loss        
Items that may be subsequently reclassified to profit or loss:        
      Change in foreign currency translation adjustment   (3,095)   (464)
Comprehensive income   6,325   23,724
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to:        
      Shareholders of Calfrac   5,775   24,184
      Non-controlling interest   550   (460)
    6,325   23,724
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY                
                 
  Equity Attributable to the Shareholders of Calfrac    
  Share
Capital
Contributed
Surplus
Loan
Receivable for
Purchase of
Common
Shares
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained
Earnings
Total Non-
Controlling
Interest
Total
Equity
(C$000s) (unaudited) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($) ($)
Balance - January 1, 2014 332,287 27,658 (2,500) (839) 440,179 796,785 (1,578) 795,207
Net income - - - - 8,946 8,946 474 9,420
Other comprehensive income (loss):                
      Cumulative translation adjustment - - - (3,171) - (3,171) 76 (3,095)
Comprehensive income - - - (3,171) 8,946 5,775 550 6,325
Stock options:                
      Stock-based compensation recognized - 1,089 - - - 1,089 - 1,089
      Proceeds from issuance of shares 11,744 (2,982) - - - 8,762 - 8,762
Dividend Reinvestment Plan shares                
      issued (note 17) 4,220 - - - - 4,220 - 4,220
Dividends - - - - (11,699) (11,699) - (11,699)
Balance - March 31, 2014 348,251 25,765 (2,500) (4,010) 437,426 804,932 (1,028) 803,904
                 
Balance - January 1, 2013 300,451 27,546 (2,500) (2,403) 458,543 781,637 (878) 780,759
Net income - - - - 24,645 24,645 (457) 24,188
Other comprehensive income (loss):                
      Cumulative translation adjustment - - - (461) - (461) (3) (464)
Comprehensive income - - - (461) 24,645 24,184 (460) 23,724
Stock options:                
      Stock-based compensation recognized - 1,479 - - - 1,479 - 1,479
      Proceeds from issuance of shares 10,768 (2,774) - - - 7,994 - 7,994
Dividends - - - - (11,375) (11,375) - (11,375)
Balance - March 31, 2013 311,219 26,251 (2,500) (2,864) 471,813 803,919 (1,338) 802,581
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS        
Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s) (unaudited)   ($)   ($)
CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY (USED IN)        
OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
      Net income   9,420   24,188
      Adjusted for the following:        
            Depreciation   33,521   24,814
            Stock-based compensation   1,089   1,479
            Unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains)   5,295   (4,971)
            Loss (gain) on disposal of property, plant and equipment   840   (120)
            Interest   14,914   9,203
            Deferred income taxes   1,925   4,482
      Interest paid   (1,879)   (253)
      Changes in items of working capital (note 9)   (45,346)   (17,320)
Cash flows provided by operating activities   19,779   41,502
FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
      Bank loan proceeds   4,218   9,146
      Bank loan repayments   (6,321)   -
      Long-term debt repayments   (11,164)   (118)
      Finance lease obligation repayments   -   (137)
      Net proceeds on issuance of common shares   8,762   7,994
      Dividends paid, net of DRIP (note 17)   (7,354)   -
Cash flows (used in) provided by financing activities   (11,859)   16,885
INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
      Purchase of property, plant and equipment (note 9)   (24,925)   (60,223)
      Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment   295   569
Cash flows used in investing activities   (24,630)   (59,654)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (485)   5,997
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents   (17,195)   4,730
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   42,195   42,481
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   25,000   47,211
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


As at and for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013
(Amounts in text and tables are in thousands of Canadian dollars, except share data and certain other exceptions as indicated) (unaudited)

1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Calfrac Well Services Ltd. (the "Company") was formed through the amalgamation of Calfrac Well Services Ltd. (predecessor company originally incorporated on June 28, 1999) and Denison Energy Inc. ("Denison") on March 24, 2004 under the Business Corporations Act (Alberta). The registered office is at 411 - 8th Avenue S.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2P 1E3. The Company provides specialized oilfield services, including hydraulic fracturing, coiled tubing, cementing and other well completion services to the oil and natural gas industries in Canada, the United States, Russia, Mexico, Argentina and Colombia.

These condensed consolidated interim financial statements were prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34 Interim Financial Reporting using accounting policies consistent with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and interpretations by the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC). They should be read in conjunction with the annual financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013. The Company has consistently applied the same accounting policies throughout all periods presented, as if these policies had always been in effect.

These financial statements were approved by the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors for issuance on May 5, 2014.

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

These interim consolidated financial statements follow the same accounting policies and methods of application as the most recent annual financial statements.

For purposes of calculating income taxes during interim periods, the Company utilizes estimated annualized income tax rates. Current income tax expense is only recognized when taxable income is such that current income taxes become payable.

3. BANK LOAN

The Company's Argentinean subsidiary has two operating lines of credit, and a total of ARS132,755 ($18,340) was drawn at March 31, 2014 (December 31, 2013 - ARS148,975 ($24,298)). The interest rate ranges from 35.0 percent to 38.0 percent and both lines of credit are secured by letters of credit issued by the Company.

4. LONG-TERM DEBT

    March 31,   December 31,
As at   2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
US$600,000 senior unsecured notes due December 1, 2020,        
    bearing interest at 7.50% payable semi-annually   663,300   638,160
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs and debt discount   (11,185)   (11,161)
    652,115   626,999
$280,000 extendible revolving credit facility, secured by        
    Canadian and U.S. assets of the Company   14,371   24,463
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs   (1,196)   (1,291)
    13,175   23,172
US$1,571 mortgage maturing May 2018 bearing interest        
    at U.S. prime less 1%, repayable at US$33 per month        
    principal and interest, secured by certain real property   1,737   1,766
    667,027   651,937
Less: current portion of long-term debt   (402)   (384)
    666,625   651,553

The fair value of the senior unsecured notes, as measured based on the closing quoted market price at March 31, 2014, was $699,370 (December 31, 2013 - $652,921). The carrying values of the mortgage obligations, term loans and revolving credit facilities approximate their fair values as the interest rates are not significantly different from current interest rates for similar loans.

The interest rate on the $280,000 revolving credit facility is based on the parameters of certain bank covenants. For prime-based loans, the rate ranges from prime plus 0.50 percent to prime plus 1.25 percent. For LIBOR-based loans and bankers' acceptance-based loans the margin thereon ranges from 1.50 percent to 2.25 percent above the respective base rates for such loans. The facility is repayable on or before its maturity of September 27, 2017, assuming it is not extended. The maturity may be extended by one or more years at the Company's request and lenders' acceptance. The Company may also prepay principal without penalty. Debt issuance costs related to this facility are amortized over its term.

Interest on long-term debt (including the amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount) for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was $13,278 (three months ended March 31, 2013 - $9,082).

The Company also has an extendible operating facility, which includes overdraft protection in the amount of $20,000. The interest rate is based on the parameters of certain bank covenants in the same fashion as the revolving credit facility. Drawdowns under this facility are repayable on September 27, 2017, assuming the facility is not extended. The term and commencement of principal repayments may be extended by one year on each anniversary at the Company's request and lenders' acceptance. The operating facility is secured by the Company's Canadian and U.S. assets.

At March 31, 2014, the Company had utilized $28,688 of its credit facility for letters of credit and had borrowed $14,371 against this facility, leaving $256,941 in available credit.

5. CAPITAL STOCK

Authorized capital stock consists of an unlimited number of common shares.

  Three Months Ended Year Ended
  March 31, 2014 December 31, 2013
Continuity of Common Shares Shares Amount Shares Amount
  (#) (C$000s) (#) (C$000s)
Balance, beginning of period 46,298,574 332,287 45,020,641 300,451
Issued upon exercise of stock options 355,825 11,744 896,837 21,132
Dividend Reinvestment Plan shares issued
       (note 17)
142,112 4,220 381,096 10,704
Balance, end of period 46,796,511 348,251 46,298,574 332,287

The weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was 46,463,491 basic and 46,815,582 diluted (three months ended March 31, 2013 - 45,164,743 basic and 45,533,812 diluted). The difference between basic and diluted shares is attributable to the dilutive effect of stock options issued by the Company as disclosed in note 7.

6. CONTRIBUTED SURPLUS

    Three Months   Year Ended
    Ended   December 31,
Continuity of Contributed Surplus   March 31, 2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
Balance, beginning of period   27,658   27,546
      Stock options expensed   1,089   5,454
      Stock options exercised   (2,982)   (5,342)
Balance, end of period   25,765   27,658

7. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

(a) Stock Options

Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 2013
    Average   Average
    Exercise   Exercise
Continuity of Stock Options Options Price Options Price
  (#) (C$) (#) (C$)
Balance, beginning of period 2,501,375 27.98 2,920,412 25.67
      Granted 591,750 31.19 678,750 24.46
      Exercised for common shares (355,825) 24.62 (479,537) 16.67
      Forfeited (43,800) 30.50 (43,700) 27.46
Balance, end of period 2,693,500 29.09 3,075,925 26.78

Stock options vest equally over four years and expire five years from the date of grant. The exercise price of outstanding options ranges from $20.74 to $37.18 with a weighted average remaining life of 2.97 years. When stock options are exercised the proceeds, together with the compensation expense previously recorded in contributed surplus, are added to capital stock.

For the three months ended March 31, 2014, $1,089 of compensation expense was recognized for stock options (three months ended March 31, 2013 - $1,479) and was included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

(b) Share Units

Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 2013
  Deferred Performance Restricted Deferred Performance Restricted
  Share Share Share Share Share Share
Continuity of Stock Units Units Units Units Units Units Units
  (#) (#) (#) (#) (#) (#)
Balance, beginning of period 35,000 45,000 513,795 35,000 45,000 247,230
      Granted 35,000 60,000 368,650 35,000 45,000 380,650
      Exercised (35,000) (45,000) (195,507) (35,000) (45,000) (82,410)
      Forfeited - - (9,194) - - (8,250)
Balance, end of period 35,000 60,000 677,744 35,000 45,000 537,220

The Company grants deferred share units to its outside directors. These units vest in November of the year of grant and are settled either in cash (equal to the market value of the underlying shares at the time of exercise) or in Company shares purchased on the open market. The fair value of the deferred share units is recognized equally over the vesting period, based on the current market price of the Company's shares. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, $311 of compensation expense was recognized for deferred share units (three months ended March 31, 2013 - $217). This amount is included in selling, general and administrative expenses. At March 31, 2014, the liability pertaining to deferred share units was $308 (December 31, 2013 - $1,085).

The Company grants performance share units to its senior officers who do not participate in the stock option plan. The amount of the grants earned is linked to corporate performance and the grants vest over three years on the approval of the Board of Directors at the meeting held to approve the consolidated financial statements for the year in respect of which performance is being evaluated. As with the deferred share units, performance share units are settled either in cash or Company shares purchased on the open market. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, $607 of compensation expense was recognized for performance share units (three months ended March 31, 2013 - $379). This amount is included in selling, general and administrative expenses. At March 31, 2014, the liability pertaining to performance share units was $381 (December 31, 2013 - $1,395).

The Company grants restricted share units to its employees. These units vest equally over three years and are settled either in cash (equal to the market value of the underlying shares at the time of exercise) or in Company shares purchased on the open market. The fair value of the restricted share units is recognized over the vesting period, based on the current market price of the Company's shares. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, $3,632 of compensation expense was recognized for restricted share units (three months ended March 31, 2013 - $2,183). This amount is included in selling, general and administrative expenses. At March 31, 2014, the liability pertaining to restricted share units was $8,248 (December 31, 2013 - $10,696).

Changes in the Company's obligations under the deferred, performance and restricted share unit plans, which arise from fluctuations in the market value of the Company's shares underlying these compensation programs, are recorded as the share value changes.

8. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Financial instruments included in the Company's consolidated balance sheets are comprised of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, bank loan and long-term debt.

The fair values of financial instruments included in the consolidated balance sheets, except long-term debt, approximate their carrying amounts due to the short-term maturity of those instruments. The fair value of the senior unsecured notes based on the closing market price at March 31, 2014 was $699,370 before deduction of unamortized debt issuance costs (December 31, 2013 - $652,921). The carrying value of the senior unsecured notes at March 31, 2014 was $663,300 before deduction of unamortized debt issuance costs and debt discount (December 31, 2013 - $638,160). The fair values of the remaining long-term debt approximate their carrying values, as described in note 4.

9. SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

Changes in non-cash operating assets and liabilities are as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
Accounts receivable   (46,228)   (82,048)
Income taxes recoverable   (362)   566
Inventory   (2,041)   495
Prepaid expenses and deposits   1,571   2,063
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   1,769   61,655
Other long-term liabilities   (55)   (51)
    (45,346)   (17,320)

Purchase of property, plant and equipment is comprised of:

Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 2013
(C$000s) ($) ($)
Property, plant and equipment additions (27,331) (43,989)
Change in liabilities related to purchase of    
      property, plant and equipment 2,406 (16,234)
  (24,925) (60,223)

10. CAPITAL STRUCTURE

The Company's capital structure is comprised of shareholders' equity and long-term debt. The Company's objectives in managing capital are (i) to maintain flexibility so as to preserve its access to capital markets and its ability to meet its financial obligations, and (ii) to finance growth, including potential acquisitions.

The Company manages its capital structure and makes adjustments in light of changing market conditions and new opportunities, while remaining cognizant of the cyclical nature of the oilfield services sector. To maintain or adjust its capital structure, the Company may revise its capital spending, adjust dividends paid to shareholders, issue new shares or new debt or repay existing debt.

The Company monitors its capital structure and financing requirements using, amongst other parameters, the ratio of long-term debt to cash flow. Cash flow for this purpose is calculated on a 12-month trailing basis and is defined as follows:

  March 31, December 31,
For the Twelve Months Ended 2014 2013
(C$000s) ($) ($)
Net income 11,965 26,733
Adjusted for the following:    
    Depreciation 118,713 110,006
    Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount 1,656 1,464
    Stock-based compensation 5,064 5,454
    Unrealized foreign exchange losses   11,616 1,350
    Gain on business combination, net of tax (2,747) (2,747)
    Gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment (554) (1,514)
    Deferred income taxes 799 3,356
Cash flow 146,512 144,102

The ratio of long-term debt to cash flow does not have a standardized meaning under IFRS and may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

At March 31, 2014, the long-term debt to cash flow ratio was 4.55:1 (December 31, 2013 - 4.52:1) calculated on a 12-month trailing basis as follows:

    March 31,   December 31,
For the Twelve Months Ended   2014   2013
(C$000s, except ratio)   ($)   ($)
Long-term debt (net of unamortized debt issuance costs and
      debt discount) (note 4)
  667,027   651,937
Cash flow   146,512   144,102
Long-term debt to cash flow ratio   4.55:1   4.52:1

The Company is subject to certain financial covenants relating to working capital, leverage and the generation of cash flow in respect of its operating and revolving credit facilities. These covenants are monitored on a monthly basis. The Company is in compliance with all such covenants.

The Company's capital management objectives, evaluation measures and targets remained unchanged over the periods presented.

11. RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS

In November 2010, the Company lent a senior officer $2,500 to purchase common shares of the Company on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The loan is on a non-recourse basis and is secured by the common shares acquired with the loan proceeds. It is for a term of five years and bears interest at 3.375 percent per annum, payable annually. The market value of the shares that secure the loan was approximately $2,976 as at March 31, 2014 (December 31, 2013 - $2,623). In accordance with applicable accounting standards regarding share purchase loans receivable, this loan is classified as a reduction of shareholders' equity due to its non-recourse nature. In addition, the shares purchased with the loan proceeds are considered to be, in substance, stock options.

The Company leases certain premises from an entity controlled by a director of the Company. The rent charged for these premises for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was $202 (three months ended March 31, 2013 - $89), as measured at the exchange amount.

12. PRESENTATION OF EXPENSES

The Company presents its expenses on the consolidated statements of operations using the function of expense method whereby expenses are classified according to their function within the Company. This method was selected as it is more closely aligned with the Company's business structure. The Company's functions under IFRS are as follows:

  • operations; and
  • selling, general and administrative.

Cost of sales includes direct operating costs (including product costs, direct labour and overhead costs) and depreciation on assets relating to operations.

Additional information on the nature of expenses is as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
Product costs   167,480   129,322
Depreciation   33,521   24,814
Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount   510   318
Employee benefits expense (note 13)   119,921   98,549

13. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS EXPENSE

Employee benefits include all forms of consideration given by the Company in exchange for services rendered by employees.

Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
Salaries and short-term employee benefits   112,437   92,745
Post-employment benefits (group retirement savings plan)   1,104   1,001
Share-based payments   5,640   4,259
Termination benefits   740   544
    119,921   98,549

14. CONTINGENCIES

Greek Litigation

As a result of the acquisition and amalgamation with Denison in 2004, the Company assumed certain legal obligations relating to Denison's Greek operations.

In 1998, North Aegean Petroleum Company E.P.E. ("NAPC"), a Greek subsidiary of a consortium in which Denison participated (and which is now a majority-owned subsidiary of the Company), terminated employees in Greece as a result of the cessation of its oil and natural gas operations in that country. Several groups of former employees filed claims against NAPC and the consortium alleging that their termination was invalid and that their severance pay was improperly determined.

In 1999, the largest group of plaintiffs received a ruling from the Athens Court of First Instance that their termination was invalid and that salaries in arrears amounting to approximately $10,426 (6,846 euros) plus interest were due to the former employees. This decision was appealed to the Athens Court of Appeal, which allowed the appeal in 2001 and annulled the above-mentioned decision of the Athens Court of First Instance. The said group of former employees filed an appeal with the Supreme Court of Greece, which was heard on May 29, 2007. The Supreme Court of Greece allowed the appeal and sent the matter back to the Athens Court of Appeal for the consideration of the quantum of awardable salaries in arrears. On June 3, 2008, the Athens Court of Appeal rejected NAPC's appeal and reinstated the award of the Athens Court of First Instance, which decision was further appealed to the Supreme Court of Greece. The matter was heard on April 20, 2010 and a decision rejecting such appeal was rendered in June 2010. NAPC and the Company are assessing available rights of appeal to any other levels of court in any jurisdiction where such an appeal is warranted. NAPC is also the subject of a claim for approximately $4,359 (2,862 euros) from the Greek social security agency for social security obligations associated with the salaries in arrears that are the subject of the above-mentioned decision and penalties and interest of approximately $3,352 (2,201 euros) payable on such amounts as at March 31, 2014. 

Several other smaller groups of former employees have filed similar claims in various courts in Greece. One of these cases was heard by the Athens Court of First Instance on January 18, 2007. By judgment rendered November 23, 2007, the plaintiff's allegations were partially accepted, and the plaintiff was awarded compensation for additional work of approximately $53 (35 euros), plus interest. The appeal of this decision was heard on June 2, 2009, at which time an additional claim by the plaintiff was also heard. A decision in respect of the hearing has been rendered which accepted NAPC's appeal of the initial claim and partially accepted the additional claim of the plaintiff, resulting in an award of approximately $17 (11 euros), plus interest.

Another one of the lawsuits seeking salaries in arrears of $195 (128 euros) plus interest was heard by the Supreme Court of Greece on November 6, 2007, at which date the appeal of the plaintiffs was denied for technical reasons due to improper service. A rehearing of this appeal was heard on September 21, 2010 and the decision rendered declared once again the appeal inadmissible due to technical reasons. The remaining action, which is seeking salaries in arrears of approximately $669 (439 euros) plus interest, was scheduled to be heard before the Athens Court of First Instance on October 1, 2009, but has been postponed a total of four times, including the most recent postponement on February 22, 2013. No new hearing date has been set.

The maximum aggregate interest payable under the claims noted above amounted to $18,910 (12,416 euros) as at March 31, 2014.

Management is of the view that it is improbable there will be a material financial impact to the Company as a result of these claims. Consequently, no provision has been recorded in these consolidated financial statements.

U.S. Litigation

A class and collective action complaint was filed against the Company in September 2012 in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. The complaint alleges failure to pay U.S. employees the correct amount of overtime pay required by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and under the Pennsylvania Minimum Wage Act. In May 2013, the plaintiffs amended their complaint to add a Colorado wage-hour claim. In June 2013, the parties filed a joint stipulation for conditional certification of the FLSA collective action with certain current and former employees as the defined class. The notice to opt-in to the class was mailed to 1,204 current and former employees in September 2013. The opt-in period expired on November 15, 2013 and 359 individuals opted in. A discovery plan has been approved by the court that extends through June 23, 2014. Discovery as to a mutually agreed-upon sample of the conditionally-certified opt-in class has been ongoing.

The Company has filed answers to each complaint in a timely manner and believes it has defenses to each claim. At this time no motion for final class certification as to the FLSA claim or motion for certification of the Pennsylvania or Colorado state law claims has been filed. Thus no FLSA, Pennsylvania or Colorado class has been certified. Plaintiffs have not alleged an amount of damages and at this time it is not possible to predict the amount of any potential recovery. Given the stage of the proceedings and the existence of available defenses, no provision has been recorded in the Company's financial statements regarding these claims, since the direction and financial consequences of the claims in the amended complaint cannot be determined at this time. The Company does not have insurance coverage for these claims.

15. SEGMENTED INFORMATION

The Company's activities are conducted in four geographical segments: Canada, the United States, Russia and Latin America. All activities are related to hydraulic fracturing, coiled tubing, cementing and other well completion services for the oil and natural gas industry.

The business segments presented reflect the Company's management structure and the way its management reviews business performance. The Company evaluates the performance of its operating segments primarily based on operating income, as defined below.

        United       Latin        
    Canada   States   Russia   America   Corporate   Consolidated
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)   ($)   ($)   ($)   ($)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2014                        
Revenue   267,674   211,039   38,914   30,011   -   547,638
Operating income (loss)(1)   52,479   21,677   817   5,892   (16,748)   64,117
Segmented assets   743,115   839,856   162,800   166,310   -   1,912,081
Capital expenditures   13,697   7,018   3,643   2,973   -   27,331
Goodwill   7,236   2,308   979   -   -   10,523
Three Months Ended March 31, 2013                        
Revenue   231,576   127,010   37,161   27,650   -   423,397
Operating income (loss)(1)   55,911   18,039   1,989   1,152   (14,421)   62,670
Segmented assets   767,589   597,552   136,174   137,229   -   1,638,544
Capital expenditures   17,291   20,809   2,431   3,458   -   43,989
Goodwill   7,236   2,308   979   -   -   10,523

(1)  Operating income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) before depreciation, interest, foreign exchange gains or losses, gains or losses on disposal of property, plant and equipment, and income taxes.

Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
Net income   9,420   24,188
Add back (deduct):        
      Depreciation   33,521   24,814
      Interest   14,914   9,203
      Foreign exchange losses (gains)   2,842   (2,379)
      Loss (gain) on disposal of property, plant and equipment   840   (120)
      Income taxes   2,580   6,964
Operating income   64,117   62,670

Operating income does not have a standardized meaning under IFRS and may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

The following table sets forth consolidated revenue by service line:

Three Months Ended March 31,   2014   2013
(C$000s)   ($)   ($)
Fracturing   503,818   384,144
Coiled tubing   26,473   21,603
Cementing   15,757   11,863
Other   1,590   5,787
    547,638   423,397

16. SEASONALITY OF OPERATIONS

The Company's Canadian and United States businesses are seasonal in nature. The lowest activity levels in these areas are typically experienced during the second quarter of the year when road weight restrictions are in place and access to wellsites in Canada and North Dakota is reduced.

17. DIVIDEND REINVESTMENT PLAN

The Company's Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP) allows shareholders to direct cash dividends paid on all or a portion of their common shares to be reinvested in additional common shares that are issued at 95 percent of the volume-weighted average price of the common shares traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange during the last five trading days preceding the relevant dividend payment date.

A dividend of $0.25 per common share was declared on February 26, 2014 and paid on April 15, 2014. Of the total dividend of $11,699, $4,106 was reinvested under the DRIP into 122,702 common shares of the Company.

A dividend of $0.25 per common share was declared on December 5, 2013 and paid on January 15, 2014. Of the total dividend of $11,574, $4,220 was reinvested under the DRIP into 142,112 common shares of the Company. 

 

 

SOURCE Calfrac Well Services Ltd.

For further information:

Fernando Aguilar
President & Chief Executive Officer
Telephone:  403-266-6000
Fax:  403-266-7381   

Michael (Mick) J. McNulty
Chief Financial Officer
Telephone:  403-266-6000
Fax:  403-266-7381

Ian Gillies
Manager, Investor Relations
Telephone:  403-266-6000
Fax:  403-266-7381